Phyllostachys rubromarginata

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Phyllostachys rubromarginata
Phyllostachys rubromarginata (Phyllostachys aurita) - Wangjianglou Park - Chengdu, China - DSC05926.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
(unranked): Commelinids
Order: Poales
Family: Poaceae
Genus: Phyllostachys
Species: P. rubromarginata
Binomial name
Phyllostachys rubromarginata

Phyllostachys rubromarginata, the reddish bamboo[1] or red margin bamboo, is a species of Phyllostachys bamboo, native to Central China, specifically Guangxi and Guizhou.

Name[edit]

Its common name comes from the colorization of the margins of the newly sprouted culm sheaths, exhibiting a reddish stripe. It was classified by the Smithsonian's Floyd McClure in 1940.[2] In China, it is named Hongbian zhu or Nuer zhu (Maiden's Bamboo).[3]

Description[edit]

Red margin bamboo is a cold hardy temperate mountain bamboo which grows and spreads quickly, creating a tall screen. Reproducing by running underground rhizomes.

Phyllostachys rubromarginata culms may reach as high as 4 to 9 meters (13'1" to 29'6"), while in China it is reported as high as 16 meters (52'6"). Mature culms grow from 2.5 cm to 6 cm (0.98 to 2.36") in diameter with dark green internodes 22–31 cm (8.66-12.20") apart.[4] It is cold tolerant to between -16° and -24 °C (3.2° and -11.2 °F).[5]

Usage and distribution[edit]

Its high quality timber is used in basket making, and has become a popular ornamental plant in North America. The shoots are edible.[6] It grows wild in Guangxi and Guizhou as scrub and along banks of gullies. It is commonly cultivated in Henan China.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Phyllostachys rubromarginata". Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Database. USDA. Retrieved 30 September 2015. 
  2. ^ GRIN Taxonomy for Plants: Phyllostachys rubromarginata.
  3. ^ Phyllostachys rubromarginata, Das Bambus-Lexikon, at Bambus-Informationszentrum.
  4. ^ South China Botanical Garden Checklist, (eFlora), Phyllostachys rubromarginata McClure: 红竹 .
  5. ^ Lewis Bamboo: Phyllostachys rubromarginata (Red Margin Bamboo). Bambus-Lexikon, ibid.
  6. ^ Plants for a Future Database.
  • Lingnan University Science Bulletin. Canton [Guangzhou] 9:44. 1940
  • USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Data from 07-Oct-06]. [1]