Phyllostachys rubromarginata

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Phyllostachys rubromarginata
Phyllostachys rubromarginata (Phyllostachys aurita) - Wangjianglou Park - Chengdu, China - DSC05926.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Clade: Commelinids
Order: Poales
Family: Poaceae
Genus: Phyllostachys
Species:
P. rubromarginata
Binomial name
Phyllostachys rubromarginata
McClure

Phyllostachys rubromarginata, the reddish bamboo[1] or red margin bamboo, is a species of Phyllostachys bamboo, native to Central China, specifically Guangxi and Guizhou.

Name[edit]

Its common name comes from the colorization of the margins of the newly sprouted culm sheaths, exhibiting a reddish stripe. It was classified by the Smithsonian's Floyd McClure in 1940.[2] In China, it is named hongbian zhu or nuer zhu (maiden's bamboo).[3]

Description[edit]

Red margin bamboo is a cold-hardy, temperate mountain bamboo which grows and spreads quickly, creating a tall screen, and reproducing by running underground rhizomes.

Phyllostachys rubromarginata culms may reach as high as 4 to 9 m (13 to 29 ft), while in China, it is reported as high as 16 m (52 ft). Mature culms grow from 2.5 to 6 cm (1.0 to 2.4") in diameter with dark green internodes 22–31 cm (8.66–12.20 in) apart.[4] It is cold tolerant to between −16 and −24 °C (3.2° and −11.2 °F).[5]

Usage and distribution[edit]

Its high-quality timber is used in basket making, and has become a popular ornamental plant in North America. The shoots are edible.[6] It grows wild in Guangxi and Guizhou as scrub and along banks of gullies. It is commonly cultivated in Henan, China.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Phyllostachys rubromarginata". Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Database. USDA. Retrieved 30 September 2015.
  2. ^ "Phyllostachys rubromarginata". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Retrieved 21 January 2018.
  3. ^ Phyllostachys rubromarginata, Das Bambus-Lexikon, at Bambus-Informationszentrum.
  4. ^ South China Botanical Garden Checklist, (eFlora), Phyllostachys rubromarginata McClure: 红竹 .
  5. ^ Lewis Bamboo: Phyllostachys rubromarginata (Red Margin Bamboo). Bambus-Lexikon, ibid.
  6. ^ Plants for a Future Database.
  • Lingnan University Science Bulletin. Canton [Guangzhou] 9:44. 1940