Its common name comes from the colorization of the margins of the newly sprouted culm sheaths, exhibiting a reddish stripe. It was classified by the Smithsonian's Floyd McClure in 1940. In China, it is named Hongbian zhu or Nuer zhu (Maiden's Bamboo).
Red margin bamboo is a cold hardy temperate mountain bamboo which grows and spreads quickly, creating a tall screen. Reproducing by running underground rhizomes.
Phyllostachys rubromarginata culms may reach as high as 4 to 9 meters (13'1" to 29'6"), while in China it is reported as high as 16 meters (52'6"). Mature culms grow from 2.5 cm to 6 cm (0.98 to 2.36") in diameter with dark green internodes 22–31 cm (8.66-12.20") apart. It is cold tolerant to between -16° and -24 °C (3.2° and -11.2 °F).
Usage and distribution
Its high quality timber is used in basket making, and has become a popular ornamental plant in North America. The shoots are edible. It grows wild in Guangxi and Guizhou as scrub and along banks of gullies. It is commonly cultivated in Henan China.
|Wikispecies has information related to: Phyllostachys rubromarginata|
- "Phyllostachys rubromarginata". Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Database. USDA. Retrieved 30 September 2015.
- GRIN Taxonomy for Plants: Phyllostachys rubromarginata.
- Phyllostachys rubromarginata, Das Bambus-Lexikon, at Bambus-Informationszentrum.
- South China Botanical Garden Checklist, (eFlora), Phyllostachys rubromarginata McClure: 红竹 .
- Lewis Bamboo: Phyllostachys rubromarginata (Red Margin Bamboo). Bambus-Lexikon, ibid.
- Plants for a Future Database.
- Lingnan University Science Bulletin. Canton [Guangzhou] 9:44. 1940
- USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Data from 07-Oct-06].