Physalis minima

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Physalis minima
Physalis minima habit.jpg
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Asterids
Order: Solanales
Family: Solanaceae
Genus: Physalis
Species: P. minima
Binomial name
Physalis minima
L.

Physalis minima is a species of perennial herbs elonging to the Solanaceae family. Native gooseberry, wild cape gooseberry and pygmy groundcherry are some of the popular common names in English. It is a pantropical annual herb 20–50 cm high at its maturity.

Leaves are soft and smooth (not furry), with entire or jagged margins, 2.5–12 cm long. Cream to yellowish flowers are followed by edible yellowish fruit encapsulated in papery cover which turns straw brown and drops to the ground when the fruit is fully ripe.[1]

P. minima fruit

The plant tends to have a weedy character, often found growing in disturbed sites.

Uses[edit]

The fruit has a pleasant cherry-tomato like flavor when fully ripe.

Often used to relieve pain (analgesic action). In a study the whole plant extract has shown anti-inflammatory and analgesic action in rats.[2]

The fruit can be dispersed by wind. The dispersal mechanism is called balloon mechanism. The space between the fruit and the covering calyx works as air bladder at early stages. The fruit is called 'bon-tepari' or simply 'tepari' in Bengali.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Low, T. (1991). Wild Food Plants of Australia. Australia: HarperCollins. ISBN 9780207169304. 
  2. ^ Khan, M. A.; Khan, H.; Khan, S.; Mahmood, T.; Khan, P. M.; Jabar, A. (2009). "Anti-inflammatory, analgesic and antipyretic activities of Physalis minima Linn". Journal of Enzyme Inhibition and Medicinal Chemistry. 24 (3): 632–637. doi:10.1080/14756360802321120. PMID 18825533. 

External links[edit]

"Physalis minima L". Atlas of Living Australia.