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Phytoandrogens are substances produced in plants which have effects similar to testosterone in animals.


Environmental effects[edit]

Phytoandrogens have been implicated in sex-reversal in fish.[5]


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  2. ^ Eisenman SW, Zaurov DE, Struwe L (2013). Medicinal plants of Central Asia Uzbekistan and Kyrgyzstan (1st ed.). New York, NY: Springer. p. 205. ISBN 978-1-4614-3912-7. 
  3. ^ "Natural Herbs for Muscle, Suma Root aka Brazilian Ginseng". Ancient Botanicals. September 18, 2014. 
  4. ^ Mazaheri M, Shahdadi V, Nazari Boron A (November 2014). "Molecullar and biochemical effect of alcohlic extract of Alpinia galanga on rat spermatogenesis process". Iranian Journal of Reproductive Medicine. 12 (11): 765–70. PMC 4330656Freely accessible. PMID 25709632. 
  5. ^ Godwin J, Luckenbach JA, Borski RJ (2003). "Ecology meets endocrinology: environmental sex determination in fishes". Evolution & Development. 5 (1): 40–9. doi:10.1046/j.1525-142x.2003.03007.x. PMID 12492408.