Phytophthora cambivora

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Phytophthora cambivora
Scientific classification e
Phylum: Heterokontophyta
Class: Oomycota
Order: Peronosporales
Family: Peronosporaceae
Genus: Phytophthora
Species: P. cambivora
Binomial name
Phytophthora cambivora
(Petri) Buisman, (1927)
  • Blepharospora cambivora Petri, (1917)

Phytophthora cambivora is a plant pathogen that causes Ink disease in European Chestnut trees (Castanea sativa). Ink disease, also caused by Phytophthora cinnamomi, is thought to have been present in Europe since the 18th century and causes chestnut trees to wilt and die, major epidemics occurred during the 19th and 20th centuries. P. cinnamomi and P. cambivora are now present throughout Europe and since the 1990s. Ink disease has resurged, often causing high mortality of trees, particularly in Portugal, Italy and France.[1] It has also been isolated from a number of different species since the 1990s including:

Some species of mycorrhiza (including Amanita muscaria, Suillellus luridus and Hebeloma radicosum) may provide protection from P. cambivora in European Chestnuts.[7]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Robin, Cécile; Olivier Morel; Anna-Maria Vettraino; Charikleia Perlerou; Stephanos Diamandis; Andrea Vannini (1 May 2006). "Genetic variation in susceptibility to Phytophthora cambivora in European chestnut (Castanea sativa)". Forest Ecology and Management. 226 (1–3): 199–207. doi:10.1016/j.foreco.2006.01.035. 
  2. ^ Saavedra, A; E. M. Hansen; D. J. Goheen (19 Nov 2007). "Phytophthora cambivora in Oregon and its pathogenicity to Chrysolepis chrysophylla". Forest Pathology. 37 (6): 409–419. doi:10.1111/j.1439-0329.2007.00515.x. Retrieved 2009-07-09. 
  3. ^ Hwang, J; Warfield, CY; Benson, DM (June 2006). "Phytophthora cambivora, a new dieback pathogen of Rhododendron and Pieris in North Carolina". Phytopathology. 96 (6): supplement pages 185–186. Archived from the original on 2012-03-07. Retrieved 2009-07-09. 
  4. ^ Talgø, V; M. Herrero; B. Toppe; S. Klemsdal; A. Stensvand (May 2006). "First Report of Root Rot and Stem Canker Caused by Phytophthora cambivora on Noble Fir (Abies procera) for Bough Production in Norway". Plant Disease. 90 (5): 682. doi:10.1094/PD-90-0682B. Retrieved 2009-07-09. 
  5. ^ Belisario, A; M. Maccaroni; M. Vettorazzo (October 2006). "First Report of Phytophthora cambivora Causing Bleeding Cankers and Dieback on Beech (Fagus sylvatica) in Italy". Plant Disease. 90 (10): 1362. doi:10.1094/PD-90-1362C. Retrieved 2009-07-09. 
  6. ^ Hartmann, G; Blank, R; Kunca, A. "Collar rot of Fagus sylvatica caused by Phytophthora cambivora - type of damage, endangered sites and susceptible hosts in Northwestern Germany". 
  7. ^ Landi, L; Mosca, M; Branzanti, M.B. (27–29 Mar 2006). "Interactions between mycorrhizic fungi and Phytophthora cambivora agent of ink disease in chestnut [Castanea sativa Mill.]". Italian Plant Protection Association. Biennial meeting. Retrieved 2009-07-09. 

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