Pi Aquarii

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Pi Aquarii
Diagram showing star positions and boundaries of the Aquarius constellation and its surroundings
Cercle rouge 100%.svg

Location of π Aquarii (circled)
Observation data
Epoch J2000      Equinox J2000
Constellation Aquarius
Right ascension 22h 25m 16.62285s[1]
Declination +01° 22′ 38.6346″[1]
Apparent magnitude (V) +4.66[2]
Characteristics
Spectral type B1 Ve[3]
U−B color index –0.98[2]
B−V color index –0.03[2]
Variable type γ Cas
Astrometry
Radial velocity (Rv) +4.0[4] km/s
Proper motion (μ) RA: +17.83[1] mas/yr
Dec.: +2.41[1] mas/yr
Parallax (π) 4.17 ± 0.28[1] mas
Distance 780 ± 50 ly
(240 ± 20 pc)
Absolute magnitude (MV) −2.09[5]
Details
Mass 10.7 ± 0.7[6] M
Radius 6.2[7] R
Luminosity 7,302[8] L
Temperature 27,094[7] K
Metallicity [Fe/H] −0.02[5] dex
Rotational velocity (v sin i) 215[9] km/s
Age 10.0 ± 5.0[6] Myr
Other designations
π Aqr, 52 Aquarii, BD+00 4872, FK5 1585, HD 212571, HIP 110672, HR 8539, SAO 127520.[10]
Database references
SIMBAD data

Pi Aquarii, Latinized from π Aquarii, is the Bayer designation for a binary star in the equatorial constellation of Aquarius. This system has an apparent visual magnitude of a mean apparent magnitude of +4.57.[2] Based upon parallax measurements, it is located at a distance of roughly 780 light-years (240 parsecs) from Earth.[1]

This is a binary star system with an orbital period of 84.1 days.[11][12] The primary component is a B-type main sequence star with a stellar classification of B1 Ve.[3] This is a large star with nearly eleven[6] times the mass and over six times the radius of the Sun.[7] Pi Aquarii shines about 7,300[8] times as brightly as the Sun. This energy is being radiated from its outer atmosphere at an effective temperature of 27,094,[7] giving it the blue-hued glow of a B-type star.[13] It is spinning rapidly with a projected rotational velocity of 215 km/s.[9]

Pi Aquarii is notable for having undergone a transition from a Be star (showing hydrogen emission lines) into an ordinary B-type star.[12] It is classified as a Gamma Cassiopeiae type[14] variable star and its brightness varies from magnitude +4.45 to +4.71; a range of 0.28. The dominant variability period, 83.8 ± 0.8 days, is nearly the same as the orbital period.[12] Pi Aquarii has a reasonable chance of becoming a supernova some day.[11]

In culture[edit]

Pi Aquarii has a traditional name of Seat.[11]

In Chinese, 墳墓 (Fén Mù), meaning Tomb, refers to an asterism consisting of π Aquarii, γ Aquarii, ζ Aquarii, η Aquarii.[15] Consequently, π Aquarii itself is known as 墳墓四 (Fén Mù sì, English: the Fourth Star of Tomb.)[16]

In the catalogue of stars in the Calendarium of Al Achsasi al Mouakket, this star was designated Wasat al Achbiya (وسط الأخبية - wasath al ahbiyah), which was translated into Latin as Media Tabernaculorum, meaning the middle of luck of the homes (tents).[17] This star, along with γ Aqr (Sadachbia), ζ Aqr (Sadaltager / Achr al Achbiya) and η Aqr (Hydria), were al Aḣbiyah (الأخبية), the Tent.[18][19][20]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f van Leeuwen, F. (November 2007), "Validation of the new Hipparcos reduction", Astronomy and Astrophysics, 474 (2): 653–664, arXiv:0708.1752Freely accessible, Bibcode:2007A&A...474..653V, doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20078357. 
  2. ^ a b c d Nicolet, B. (1978), "Photoelectric photometric Catalogue of homogeneous measurements in the UBV System", Astronomy and Astrophysics Supplement Series, 34: 1–49, Bibcode:1978A&AS...34....1N. 
  3. ^ a b Lesh, Janet Rountree (December 1968), "The Kinematics of the Gould Belt: an Expanding Group?", Astrophysical Journal Supplement, 17: 371, Bibcode:1968ApJS...17..371L, doi:10.1086/190179. 
  4. ^ Wielen, R.; et al. (1999), Sixth Catalogue of Fundamental Stars (FK6). Part I. Basic fundamental stars with direct solutions (35), Astronomisches Rechen-Institut Heidelberg, Bibcode:1999VeARI..35....1W. 
  5. ^ a b Anderson, E.; Francis, Ch. (2012), "XHIP: An extended hipparcos compilation", Astronomy Letters, 38 (5): 331, arXiv:1108.4971Freely accessible, Bibcode:2012AstL...38..331A, doi:10.1134/S1063773712050015. 
  6. ^ a b c Tetzlaff, N.; Neuhäuser, R.; Hohle, M. M. (January 2011), "A catalogue of young runaway Hipparcos stars within 3 kpc from the Sun", Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 410 (1): 190–200, arXiv:1007.4883Freely accessible, Bibcode:2011MNRAS.410..190T, doi:10.1111/j.1365-2966.2010.17434.x. 
  7. ^ a b c d Underhill, A. B.; et al. (November 1979), "Effective temperatures, angular diameters, distances and linear radii for 160 O and B stars", Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 189: 601–605, Bibcode:1979MNRAS.189..601U, doi:10.1093/mnras/189.3.601. 
  8. ^ a b Hohle, M. M.; Neuhäuser, R.; Schutz, B. F. (April 2010), "Masses and luminosities of O- and B-type stars and red supergiants", Astronomische Nachrichten, 331 (4): 349, arXiv:1003.2335Freely accessible, Bibcode:2010AN....331..349H, doi:10.1002/asna.200911355. 
  9. ^ a b Abt, Helmut A.; Levato, Hugo; Grosso, Monica (July 2002), "Rotational Velocities of B Stars", The Astrophysical Journal, 573 (1): 359–365, Bibcode:2002ApJ...573..359A, doi:10.1086/340590. 
  10. ^ "52 Aqr -- Be Star", SIMBAD Astronomical Object Database, Centre de Données astronomiques de Strasbourg, retrieved 2012-07-03. 
  11. ^ a b c Kaler, Jim. "Seat". Retrieved 2017-08-18. 
  12. ^ a b c Pollmann, Ernst (May 2012), "Period analysis of the Halpha line profile variation of the Be binary star pi Aqr", Information Bulletin on Variable Stars, 6023: 1, Bibcode:2012IBVS.6023....1P. 
  13. ^ "The Colour of Stars", Australia Telescope, Outreach and Education, Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation, December 21, 2004, retrieved 2012-01-16 
  14. ^ "pi Aqr", General Catalogue of Variable Stars, Sternberg Astronomical Institute, retrieved 2012-07-03.  Note: type = GCAS.
  15. ^ (in Chinese) 中國星座神話, written by 陳久金. Published by 台灣書房出版有限公司, 2005, ISBN 978-986-7332-25-7.
  16. ^ (in Chinese) AEEA (Activities of Exhibition and Education in Astronomy) 天文教育資訊網 2006 年 5 月 16 日
  17. ^ Knobel, E. B. (June 1895), "Al Achsasi Al Mouakket, on a catalogue of stars in the Calendarium of Mohammad Al Achsasi Al Mouakket", Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 55: 429, Bibcode:1895MNRAS..55..429K, doi:10.1093/mnras/55.8.429. 
  18. ^ Davis Jr., G. A. (October 1944), "The Pronunciations, Derivations, and Meanings of a Selected List of Star Names", Popular Astronomy, 52 (3): 12, Bibcode:1944PA.....52....8D. 
  19. ^ Allen, R. H. (1963), Star Names: Their Lore and Meaning (Reprint ed.), New York: Dover Publications Inc, p. 52, ISBN 0-486-21079-0, retrieved 2010-12-12. 
  20. ^ γ Aqr as Aoul al Achbiya or Prima Tabernaculorum (the first of luck of the homes or tents), π Aqr as Wasat al Achbiya or Media Tabernaculorum (the middle of luck of the homes or tents) and ζ Aqr as Achr al Achbiya or Postrema Tabernaculorum (the end of luck of the homes or tents). η Aqr should be designated as al Achbiya consistently, but it was not designated as the Arabic name except the name Hydria (Greek) or Deli (Hebrew)

External links[edit]