Piatnitzkysauridae

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Piatnitzkysauridae
Temporal range: Late Jurassic, 170–150 Ma
Piatnitzkysaurus.jpg
Piatnitzkysaurus, type genus of the Piatnitzkysauridae
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Clade: Dinosauria
Order: Saurischia
Suborder: Theropoda
Superfamily: Megalosauroidea
Family: Piatnitzkysauridae
Carrano, Benson & Sampson, 2012
Type species
Piatnitzkysaurus floresi
Bonaparte, 1979
Genus

Piatnitzkysauridae is an extinct family of dinosaurs composed of megalosauroid tetanurans. The family was coined by Carrano et al. in 2012, and contains three known dinosaur genera: Condorraptor, Marshosaurus, and Piatnitzkysaurus. This last genus gives the family its name.[1] It is sister taxa to Megalosauria.

Discovery[edit]

They were found in Jurassic deposits in Argentina (Middle Jurassic) and the United States (Late Jurassic).[2]

Synapomorphies[edit]

A skull of Marshosaurus showing the maxilla

There are many synapomorphies of Piatnitzkysauridae. The first is two parallel rows of nutrient foramina on the surface of the maxilla (also found in Eocarcharia and Shaochilong). Another is the vertically striated or ridged paradental plates (also found in Abelisauridae, Megalosaurus and Proceratosaurus.) The third is the reduced parapophyses (also found in Coelophysoidea, Eustreptospondylus and Afrovenator). The fourth is the anteriorly inclined posterior dorsal neural spines (in parallel with Allosauroidea). The fifth is the canted distal humerus condyles (also in Poekilopleuron, Allosauridae and Fukuiraptor). In addition, these specialized Tetanurans show reversal to the primitive condition for the following features. The first is a short or absent anterior maxillary ramus, a moderate development of axial diapophyses, and no pleurocoels.[3]

Definition[edit]

The definition of Piatnitzkysauridae is: All Megalosauroidea more closely related to Piatnitzkysaurus than to either Spinosaurus or Megalosaurus.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Carrano, M. T.; Benson, R. B. J.; Sampson, S. D. (2012). "The phylogeny of Tetanurae (Dinosauria: Theropoda)". Journal of Systematic Palaeontology. 10 (2): 211–300. doi:10.1080/14772019.2011.630927. 
  2. ^ "Piatnitzkysauridae". Paleobiology Database. Retrieved 20 June 2013. 
  3. ^ a b "Piatnitzkysauridae". Dinoweb. Retrieved 20 June 2013.