Piccaninnie Ponds Conservation Park

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Piccaninnie Ponds Conservation Park
South Australia
Cave diving scene at Piccaninnie Ponds showing two divers
Cave diving at Piccaninnie Ponds
Piccaninnie Ponds Conservation Park is located in South Australia
Piccaninnie Ponds Conservation Park
Piccaninnie Ponds Conservation Park
Nearest town or city Donovans
Coordinates 38°03′03″S 140°56′11″E / 38.05083°S 140.93639°E / -38.05083; 140.93639Coordinates: 38°03′03″S 140°56′11″E / 38.05083°S 140.93639°E / -38.05083; 140.93639
Established 16 October 1969[1]
Area 8.64 km2 (3.3 sq mi)[1]
Managing authorities Department of Environment, Water and Natural Resources
Website Piccaninnie Ponds Conservation Park
Footnotes
Official name Piccaninnie Ponds Karst Wetlands
Designated 21 December 2012
Reference no. 2136[2]
See also Protected areas of South Australia

Piccaninnie Ponds Conservation Park is a protected area of 862 hectares (2,130 acres) located in southeastern South Australia near Mount Gambier.

Description[edit]

The Piccaninnie Ponds Conservation Park is located in the south-east of South Australia in the gazetted locality of Wye on the continental coastline overlooking Discovery Bay about 490 kilometres (300 mi) southeast of the state capital of Adelaide and 30 kilometres (19 mi) south-east of the city of Mount Gambier.[3][4]

The conservation park conserves a wetland fed by freshwater springs in a karst landscape.[5]

It is close to the border with Victoria and is part of the Discovery Bay to Piccaninnie Ponds Important Bird Area, identified by BirdLife International as being of global significance for several bird species.[6] It is a listed Ramsar site.[7] The park contains a walking track through coastal woodland to a viewing platform overlooking the wetlands.[8]

Recreational diving[edit]

Piccaninnie Ponds is a popular site for both snorkelling and cave diving. In 1964–1965, prior to its proclamation as a conservation park, underwater explorer Valerie Taylor described the ponds as "one of the most beautiful sights in Australia"[9] and said that the crystal clear water gave her a feeling of unhindered flight.[10] It contains three main features of interest to cave divers. The ‘First Pond’ is an open depression about 10 metres (33 ft) deep with a silt floor and vegetated fringe supporting much aquatic life. The ‘Chasm’ is a sinkhole with a depth of over 100 metres (330 ft), and the ‘Cathedral’ is an enclosed area with limestone formations and a depth of about 35 metres (115 ft).[5] Underwater visibility is excellent and may exceed 40 metres (130 ft). Snorkelling and cave diving at Piccaninnie Ponds is by permit only.[11][12]

Accidents[edit]

Several divers have died while exploring the caves beneath Piccaninnie Ponds, in 1972,[13] 1974[14] and 1984.[15]

Flora and fauna[edit]

The pond contains various species of native plants, freshwater fish, eels and shrimp.[16][12]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Protected Areas Information System - reserve list (as of 11 July 2016)" (PDF). Department of Environment Water and Natural Resources. 11 July 2016. Retrieved 14 July 2016. 
  2. ^ "Piccaninnie Ponds Karst Wetlands". Ramsar Sites Information Service. Retrieved 25 April 2018. 
  3. ^ South Australia. National Parks and Wildlife Service. South East District; Sutherland, Andrea; South Australia. National Parks and Wildlife Service (1992), Piccaninnie Ponds Conservation Park management plan, South East, South Australia (PDF), Dept. of Environment and Planning, pp. 2–3, ISBN 978-0-7308-2663-7 
  4. ^ "Search result for "Piccaninnie Ponds Conservation Park" (Record no SA0054911) with the following layers selected – "Suburbs and Localities" and "Place names (gazetteer)"". Property Location Browser. Government of South Australia. Retrieved 1 September 2016. 
  5. ^ a b "Piccaninnie Ponds – 5L072". Richard "Harry" Harris. Archived from the original on February 11, 2012. Retrieved 9 October 2013. 
  6. ^ "IBA: Discovery Bay to Piccaninnie Ponds". Birdata. Birds Australia. Retrieved 2011-06-18. 
  7. ^ Peddie, Clare. "Piccaninnie Ponds now a wetland world wonder". The Advertiser. Retrieved 24 January 2013. 
  8. ^ Limestone Coast brochure
  9. ^ "PICCANINNY PONDS". Australian Women's Weekly. 1965-08-18. p. 8. Retrieved 2017-09-09. 
  10. ^ "UNDERWATER ACTRES". Australian Women's Weekly. 1964-07-15. p. 10. Retrieved 2017-09-09. 
  11. ^ "Piccaninnie Ponds – Cave Diving & Snorkelling Permits, Mount Gambier". Mount Gambier Point. 2016-08-24. Retrieved 2017-09-08. 
  12. ^ a b "Piccaninnie Ponds | 50 Great Dives". 50greatdives.com. Retrieved 2017-09-09. 
  13. ^ "Scuba man dies in cave". Canberra Times. 1972-01-31. p. 3. Retrieved 2017-09-09. 
  14. ^ "Diving accident". Canberra Times. 1974-12-24. p. 3. Retrieved 2017-09-09. 
  15. ^ "Bodies of cave divers recovered". Canberra Times. 1984-04-10. p. 8. Retrieved 2017-09-09. 
  16. ^ "Piccaninnie Ponds". Cave Divers Association of Australia. 2010-12-13. Retrieved 2017-09-09. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]