Picea koraiensis

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Korean spruce
Picea koraiensis young.JPG
Young Korean spruce
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Pinophyta
Class: Pinopsida
Order: Pinales
Family: Pinaceae
Genus: Picea
P. koraiensis
Binomial name
Picea koraiensis

Picea koraiensis, the Korean spruce,[2] is a species of spruce. It is called Jel koreiskaya in Russian and Hongpi yunshan in Chinese.

It is a medium-sized evergreen tree growing to 30 m tall, and with a trunk diameter of up to 0.8 m. The shoots are orange-brown, glabrous or with scattered pubescence. The leaves are needle-like, 12–22 mm long, rhombic in cross-section, dark bluish-green with conspicuous stomatal lines. The cones are cylindric-conic, 4–8 cm long and 2 cm broad, maturing pale brown 5–7 months after pollination, and have stiff, smoothly rounded scales.

Its population is stable though low, and there are no known protocols that protect it. It is found mostly in North Korea near the Yalu River, and in Russia near the Ussuri River. In China it is restricted north-eastern provinces Heilongjiang, Jilin, and Liaoning. It is also believed that it might possibly occur in areas in southern Ussuriland.

It is closely related to Koyama's spruce (Picea koyamae), and treated as synonymous with it by some botanists.


  1. ^ a b Conifer Specialist Group (1998). "Picea koraiensis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 12.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 16 March 2013.
  2. ^ English Names for Korean Native Plants (PDF). Pocheon: Korea National Arboretum. 2015. p. 572. ISBN 978-89-97450-98-5. Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 May 2017. Retrieved 24 December 2016 – via Korea Forest Service.

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