Picea morrisonicola

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Picea morrisonicola
Picea morrisonicola Alishan.jpg
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Pinophyta
Class: Pinopsida
Order: Pinales
Family: Pinaceae
Genus: Picea
Species: P. morrisonicola
Binomial name
Picea morrisonicola
Hayata

Picea morrisonicola, the Taiwan spruce, is a species of conifer in the Pinaceae family. It is found only in Taiwan, and it is the only species of spruce in Taiwan. Taiwan spruce is a large tree, up to 50 m (160 ft) in height and 1.5 m (4 ft 11 in) in diameter. It grows at altitudes of about 2,000–2,500 m (6,600–8,200 ft) in the Central Mountain Range in ravines and mountain slopes, usually mixed with other trees.[2]

Taiwan spruce is one of the most important timber species in Taiwan. Populations have declined because of overexploitation.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Zhang, D.; Katsuki, T. & Rushforth, K. (2013). "Picea morrisonicola". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2013: e.T34383A2852220. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2013-1.RLTS.T34383A2852220.en. Retrieved 10 November 2017. 
  2. ^ Li, Hui-Lin; Keng, Hsuan (1994). "Pinaceae". In Huang, Tseng-chieng. Flora of Taiwan. 1 (2nd ed.). Taipei, Taiwan: Editorial Committee of the Flora of Taiwan, Second Edition. pp. 567–581. ISBN 957-9019-52-5. Retrieved 8 September 2012. 
  3. ^ Conifer Specialist Group (2000). "Picea morrisonicola". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.1. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 8 September 2012.