|Industry||Integrated Transport Logistics|
Pickfords is a moving company based in the United Kingdom, part of Pickfords Move Management Ltd.
The business is believed to have been founded in the 17th century, making it one of the UK's oldest functioning companies, although the similar Shore Porters Society was founded earlier. The earliest record is of a William Pickford, a carrier who worked south of Manchester in 1630. In 1646, a north-country yeoman by the name of Thomas Pickford had his lands confiscated by Parliament for gun-running and supporting the Cavaliers during the English Civil War.
Today, Pickfords has branches throughout the UK and Ireland. The company provides a complete portfolio of services to consumers and businesses including moving within the UK, moving to Europe and further overseas, business moving, transition and project management, employee moving services, small moves and packing materials.
Pickfords Removals (South Africa) operates independently from Pickfords UK with branches located in the cities of Bloemfontein, Cape Town, Durban, Johannesburg, Port Elizabeth and Pretoria. Additional sales offices are based throughout the country. Both Pickfords UK and Pickfords South Africa form part of the Allied International Moving Network.
The Pickfords family of Adlington, south of Manchester, and later of nearby Poynton, first entered the wagon trade in the 17th century. At first, they were engaged in supplying quarry stone by packhorse for the construction of turnpike roads; instead of the packhorses returning with empty loads, they carried goods for third parties.
In 1756, the company relocated to London and in 1776 it invented the fly wagon which could travel from London to Manchester in the then fast speed of four and a half days. A year later, it bought the carrier business of William Bass, a Staffordshire haulier who carried ale for a local brewer. With the funds he went on to form Bass Brewery which still exists today. In 1779, it entered the canal industry as well (from which it withdrew in 1850). In the 19th century, it operated wagons on other companies' railways, but this was contentious, and eventually this service was eliminated.
In 1816, the company was close to bankruptcy after many years of decline. The Pickford family sold out to a number of businessmen led by Joseph Baxendale, whose family become instrumental in running the company for over a century. For being late in delivering a miller's iron shaft, Pickford's was involved in the famous English contract law case, Hadley v. Baxendale (1848), where the court held the company was not liable for unforeseeable losses resulting from Pickford's lateness.
In the 20th century, the company switched to road haulage. During this time it formed a rivalry with fellow hauliers Carter Paterson, with whom (amongst others) they merged in 1912, although both kept their separate names.
In 1920, the company was sold again, to the Hay's Wharf Cartage Company, on the back of a burgeoning post-World War I home removals business. Pickfords still continued to operate under that name. In turn Hay's Wharf was taken over by the four main British railway companies in 1934 and was subsequently nationalised in 1947 as part of British Road Services and what would become the National Freight Corporation (NFC) in 1969.
As part of the NFC, Pickfords was involved in a wide range of haulage activities, including heavy haulage (moving oversize loads) from the 1950s to the 1980s. The company absorbed several well-known haulage companies during this period but then withdrew from the sector. A number of former Pickfords vehicles have been preserved and can be seen at events, demonstrating moving outsize loads along with the earlier steam tractors.
The National Freight Consortium, as it was subsequently renamed, was privatised via a sale to employees in 1982. Downard Pickfords (later Allied Pickfords Australia) was established in 1982 when Downard Transport in Australia was purchased.
Pickfords' travel agency business was the second largest in the UK in 1984 and included the Harry Leek chain as well as its own brand. Pickfords Travel was sold to Airtours in 1992, when it comprised the Pickfords and Hourmont Travel brands; Hourmont had been acquired by Pickfords in 1987. After Airtours acquired the travel agency business of Hogg Robinson in 1993 it was merged with Pickfords and Hourmont Travel to form Going Places.
In 2009, Allied Pickfords, the international arm of Pickfords, became Pickfords. The company continues to operate as part of the Allied International Network which has 600 offices in over 45 countries.
- Hays Wharf Cartage Company (1947) Transport Saga, 1646 - 1947. London: Hays Wharf Cartage Company (a history of Pickford's Ltd and Carter Paterson & Co.)
- "The history of Pickfords". Pickfords. Retrieved 19 October 2011.
- "Our branches". Pickfords Removals. Pickfords Removals (South Africa). Retrieved 20 June 2014.
- "Gordon Mustoe, BRS Parcels Services and The Express Carriers". Nynehead-books.co.uk. 1 January 1955. Archived from the original on 6 October 2011. Retrieved 10 August 2011.
- "Railway road haulage services". Railwaybritain.co.uk. Archived from the original on 10 August 2011. Retrieved 10 August 2011.
- Pickford acquires Downard operations Truck & Bus Transportation January 1982 page 84
- Removalists Canberra Times 18 July 1982 page 15
- NFC buys into American market Commercial Motor 26 May 1984
- Tomlinson, Alan, ed. (2006). Consumption, Identity and Style: Marketing, Meanings, and the Packaging of Pleasure. Routledge. p. 142. ISBN 9781134982493.
- "Travel Departures: Pickfords change". The Independent. 1 January 1994. Retrieved 15 July 2018.
- Gribben, Roland (15 September 1999). "Pickfords moves to US control". Daily Telegraph. London. Archived from the original on 23 September 2004. Retrieved 19 October 2011.
- "Our international moving network". Pickfords. Retrieved 20 December 2012.
- Jamie Grierson (3 December 2012). "Pickfords removal firm out of administration". The Independent. Retrieved 20 December 2012.
- "Pensions Regulator to scrutinise Pickfords pension deal". BBC News. 5 December 2012. Retrieved 20 December 2012.
- "NSPCC". Pickfords. Retrieved 19 October 2011.
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