Pickhill

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Pickhill
Pickhill village green - geograph.org.uk - 687552.jpg
Pickhill village green
Pickhill is located in North Yorkshire
Pickhill
Pickhill
Location within North Yorkshire
Population401 (2011 census)[1]
OS grid referenceSE346836
Civil parish
  • Pickhill with Roxby
District
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townTHIRSK
Postcode districtYO7 4
PoliceNorth Yorkshire
FireNorth Yorkshire
AmbulanceYorkshire
EU ParliamentYorkshire and the Humber
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Yorkshire
54°14′49″N 1°28′12″W / 54.24705°N 1.47007°W / 54.24705; -1.47007Coordinates: 54°14′49″N 1°28′12″W / 54.24705°N 1.47007°W / 54.24705; -1.47007

Pickhill is a village in North Yorkshire, England, 6 miles (10 km) west of Thirsk. It forms part of Hambleton district, and is the only village in the civil parish of Pickhill with Roxby.

History[edit]

The Roman road, Dere Street, passed close to the village following the route of the modern A1(M) motorway.[2]

The village is mentioned in the Domesday Book as Picala. The manor at the time of the Norman invasion was split between Sprot and Thor. Afterwards it passed to Count Alan of Brittany.[3] Up to the 16th century, the manor was largely owned by the Neville family, with some having been given to Fountains Abbey. Thereafter it was split in two and was the possession of the Byerley and Meynell families until the 18th century.[4]

Pickhill with Roxby was a large ancient parish, which comprised the townships of Ainderby Quernhow, Holme, Howe, Pickhill with Roxby, Sinderby and Swainby with Allerthorpe. All these townships became separate civil parishes in 1866.[4]

The village used to have a station in the North Eastern Railway region on the Ripon to Northallerton Line. The old Station House can be found on Cross Lane. It was functioning between March 1875 and September 1959.[4][5]

Roxby[edit]

Roxby is a deserted medieval village about 2 miles (3 km) west of the village, recorded in 1198.[6] By the 20th century it was reduced to a single farmhouse, Roxby House. The farmhouse was demolished in 1994 to make way for the construction of the A1(M) motorway.[7]

Governance[edit]

The village lies within the Richmond (Yorks) UK Parliament constituency. It is also within the Bedale electoral division of North Yorkshire County Council and the Tanfield ward of Hambleton District Council.[8]

Geography[edit]

The village is located a mile east of the A1(M), and its nearest neighbours are Sinderby 1.1 miles (1.8 km) to the south, Holme 1.2 miles (1.9 km) to the south-east and Ainderby Quernhow 1.8 miles (2.9 km) to the south. Pickhill Beck runs through the village before joining the nearby River Swale[8]

The 2001 UK Census recorded the population as 411, of which 318 were over the age of sixteen years. There were 157 dwellings of which 112 were detached.[9]

Education[edit]

The village has one school, Pickhill CE Primary School, which is within the catchment area of Thirsk School for secondary education.[10][11]

Religion[edit]

All Saints church, Pickhill

There is a church in the village dedicated to All Saints. Built around the 12th century, it is a Grade II* listed building that has been restored several times.[2][12] There was a Wesleyan Chapel erected in the village around 1864, now disused.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Pickhill Parish (1170216906)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 20 May 2018.
  2. ^ a b c Bulmer's Topography, History and Directory (Private and Commercial) of North Yorkshire 1890. S&N Publishing. 1890. pp. 775, 776. ISBN 1-86150-299-0.
  3. ^ Pickhill in the Domesday Book. Retrieved 13 January 2013.
  4. ^ a b c Page, William, ed. (1914). "Parishes: Pickhill with Roxby". Victoria County History. A History of the County of York North Riding: Volume 1. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 10 March 2017.
  5. ^ Butt, R. V. J. (1995). The Directory of Railway Stations: details every public and private passenger station, halt, platform and stopping place, past and present (1st ed.). Sparkford: Patrick Stephens Ltd. ISBN 978-1-85260-508-7. OCLC 60251199.
  6. ^ Historic England. "Monument No. 53931". PastScape. Retrieved 10 March 2017.
  7. ^ Berry, Chris (20 June 2015). "Farm of the Week". Yorkshire Post. Retrieved 9 March 2017.
  8. ^ a b Ordnance Survey Open Viewer
  9. ^ "2001 UK Census". Key Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 13 January 2013.
  10. ^ "Secondary admission arrangements for the Northallerton area". North Yorkshire County Council. North Yorkshire County Council. Retrieved 12 December 2017.
  11. ^ "Primary School". Retrieved 13 January 2013.
  12. ^ "Church Listing". Retrieved 13 January 2013.

External links[edit]

Media related to Pickhill at Wikimedia Commons