Pico Cão Grande

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Pico Cão Grande
Pico Cão Grande.jpg
Pico Cão Grande
Highest point
Elevation663 m (2,175 ft) [1]
Coordinates0°7′05″N 6°33′59″E / 0.11806°N 6.56639°E / 0.11806; 6.56639Coordinates: 0°7′05″N 6°33′59″E / 0.11806°N 6.56639°E / 0.11806; 6.56639
Mountain typeVolcanic plug

The Pico Cão Grande (Portuguese for "Great Dog Peak") is a landmark needle-shaped volcanic plug peak in São Tomé and Príncipe, in the Caué District of São Tomé Island in Parque Natural Obô de São Tomé. Its summit is 663 m (2,175 ft) above sea level,[1] and it rises about 370 m (1,210 ft) over the surrounding terrain.[2] The volcanic plug was formed by magma solidifying in the vent of an active volcano.[2] The nearest village is Vila Clotilde, 3 km to the east. The district seat São João dos Angolares is 9 km to the east.

The first attempt to climb Pico Cão Grande was in 1975 by a Portuguese team of climbers, and the first successful climb was completed by a Japanese group of climbers. In June 2016, climbers Gareth Leah, from England, and Sergio Almada, from Mexico, established a new bolt-protected rock-climbing route on the peak. The pair spent four weeks on the peak producing a route which they named Nubivagant ("ascent into the clouds"). The route is 15 pitches (455 metres) in length and is graded F8b (5.13d). They climbed all but three pitches clean. The route is both extremely long and technically very demanding, and their climb was plagued with difficulties, including snakebites and blown battery chargers. The most difficult portions of the climb are in the first 100 meters, after which the difficulty drops considerably.[2]

The climb (free ascent) has since been completed by Americans Sam Daulton and Remy Franklin (August 1, 2018) following the first American ascents of Nubivigant and Cão Grande by Michael Swartz and Tyler Rohr.[citation needed]

The moss growing on the rocks due to high moisture content, and the presence of snakes, make the climb very difficult.[3]


  1. ^ a b United States Naval Oceanographic Office (1969). Sailing directions for the southwest coast of Africa, from Cape Palmas to Cape of Good Hope. p. 179. Retrieved 23 October 2018 – via Google Books.
  2. ^ a b c "São Tomé, new climb up Pico Cão Grande by Sergio Almada Berreta and Gareth Leah". Planet Mountain. Padova. 7 July 2016. Retrieved 7 October 2016.
  3. ^ "The Pico Cao Grande: Sao Tome's needle-shaped volcanic plug peak". When on Earth. March 27, 2015.

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