Pico Cão Grande
|Pico Cão Grande|
Pico Cão Grande
|Elevation||663 m (2,175 ft) |
|Mountain type||Volcanic plug|
The Pico Cão Grande (Portuguese for "Great Dog Peak") is a landmark needle-shaped volcanic plug peak in São Tomé and Príncipe, in the Caué District of São Tomé Island in Parque Natural Obô de São Tomé. Its summit is 663 m (2,175 ft) above sea level, and it rises about 370 m (1,210 ft) over the surrounding terrain. The volcanic plug was formed by magma solidifying in the vent of an active volcano. The nearest village is Vila Clotilde, 3 km to the east. The district seat São João dos Angolares is 9 km to the east.
The moss growing on the rocks due to high moisture content, and the presence of snakes, makes climbing here very difficult.
The first attempt to climb Pico Cão Grande was in 1975 by a Portuguese team of climbers, and the first successful climb was completed by a Japanese group of climbers.
In June 2016, Gareth Leah, from England, and Sergio Almada, from Mexico, established a new bolt-protected route on the peak. The pair spent four weeks on the peak producing a route which they named Nubivagant ("ascent into the clouds"). The route is 15 pitches (455 metres) in length and is graded F8b (5.13d). They climbed all but three pitches clean. The route is both extremely long and technically very demanding, and their climb was plagued with difficulties, including snakebites and blown battery chargers. The most difficult portions of the climb are in the first 100 meters, after which the difficulty drops considerably.
In July 2018, the Spanish brothers Iker and Eneko Pou completed a multi-day team redpoint ascent of a new route. They established the route ground up and without use of aid or removable bolts. The route is called Leve Leve and graded F8b+ (5.14a). They were also able to make the first all-free accent of Nubivagant in team redpoint style over two days. This was swiftly followed by another all-free accent by a team of Americans.
- United States Naval Oceanographic Office (1969). Sailing directions for the southwest coast of Africa, from Cape Palmas to Cape of Good Hope. p. 179. Retrieved 23 October 2018 – via Google Books.
- "São Tomé, new climb up Pico Cão Grande by Sergio Almada Berreta and Gareth Leah". Planet Mountain. Padova. 7 July 2016. Retrieved 7 October 2016.
- "The Pico Cao Grande: Sao Tome's needle-shaped volcanic plug peak". When on Earth. March 27, 2015. Archived from the original on November 1, 2018. Retrieved November 10, 2016.
- "PICO CÃO GRANDE: FIRST ASCENT OF LEVE LEVE AND FREE ASCENTS OF NUBIVAGANT". americanalpineclub.com. 2019. Archived from the original on August 29, 2020.
- "Eneko and Iker Pou add difficult new climb to Pico Cão Grande, Sao Tomé". planetmountain.com. Retrieved 25 August 2020.
- Media related to Pico Cão Grande at Wikimedia Commons