Pico House

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Pico House
PicoHouse-1875.jpg
(1875)
Pico House is located in the Los Angeles metropolitan area
Pico House
Pico House is located in California
Pico House
Pico House is located in the US
Pico House
Location Los Angeles, California
Coordinates 34°03′21.75″N 118°14′22″W / 34.0560417°N 118.23944°W / 34.0560417; -118.23944Coordinates: 34°03′21.75″N 118°14′22″W / 34.0560417°N 118.23944°W / 34.0560417; -118.23944
Built 1869–1870[1]
Architect Ezra F. Kysor
Architectural style Victorian
Part of Los Angeles Plaza Historic District (#72000231[2])
CHISL # 159 [3]
Designated CP November 3, 1972[4]

The Pico House is a historic building in Los Angeles, California, dating from its days as a small town in Southern California. Located on 430 North Main Street, it sits across the old Los Angeles Plaza from Olvera Street and El Pueblo de Los Angeles Historic Monument.

History[edit]

The Pico House dominates the Plaza in old downtown Los Angeles, 1876 (photo taken from old Fort Moore)
Part of the renovated interior
Modern appearance

Pío Pico, a successful businessman who was the last Mexican Governor of Alta California, ordered construction of a luxury hotel in the growing town. The architect was Ezra F. Kysor, who also designed the Cathedral of Saint Vibiana, and it was constructed between 1869 and 1870.[1] The resulting Italianate three storey, 33-room hotel, dubbed Pico House (or Casa de Pico) was the most extravagant and lavish hotel in Southern California, and its opening was cause for much celebration. It had a total of nearly 80 rooms, large windows, a small interior court, and a grand staircase. In the days of the hotel's primacy the courtyard featured a fountain[5] and an aviary of exotic birds.[6] The structure forms three sides of a trapezoid whose open end immediately abuts the adjacent Merced Theatre, thus forming the courtyard. The back of the hotel faces Sanchez Street,[7] where the large gate used by supply wagons and other large vehicles can still be seen.

Its time in the spotlight did not last very long. By 1876, the Southern Pacific Railroad had linked the city with the rest of the country and more residents and businessmen began pouring in. Pio Pico himself started having financial troubles, and lost the hotel to the San Francisco Savings and Loan Company.

In 1882, the hotel was so crowded with guests that Manager Dunham secured 30 rooms on the opposite side of the street, "and still the cry is more room."[8]

Paul Mance Pico House Proprietor

The business center of the city began to move south and, by 1900, the condition of the building began to decline. Paul Mance from Bari, Italy acquired the Pico House and Merced Theater next door during the Italian migration into the area and operated it as a lodging house[9] until it finally passed into the hands of the State of California through eminent domain in 1953,[10] and it now belongs to the El Pueblo de Los Angeles State Historic Monument. Parts of this building were renovated in 1981 and 1992. The ground floor is occasionally used for exhibits and other events.

Landmark[edit]

The Pico House is listed as a California Historical Landmark (No. 159) and a National Historic Landmark as a part of the Los Angeles Plaza Historic District (NPS-72000231).

In popular culture[edit]

References[edit]

Notes

  1. ^ a b Hunt, John (August 14, 1972). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory/Nomination: Los Angeles Plaza Historic District / El Pueblo de Los Angeles (State Historic Park)". National Park Service. Retrieved 22 August 2012.  and accompanying 36 photos
  2. ^ National Park Service (2007-01-23). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 
  3. ^ "California Historical Landmarks – Los Angeles". California State Parks Office of Historic Preservation. Retrieved 22 August 2012. 
  4. ^ "Los Angeles Plaza Historic District". National Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 22 August 2012. 
  5. ^ Los Angeles Times, historical exhibit announcement. December 26, 1993
  6. ^ Phelan, Regina V., The Gold Chain. Los Angeles: Arthur H. Clark Booksellers and Publishers, 1987
  7. ^ Sanchez Street is no longer marked on contemporary maps, but a short block of it still exists between the Plaza and the Santa Ana Freeway, with its original paving of slag blocks in place, as was typical in the late 19th century.
  8. ^ "About Town," Los Angeles Times, April 5, 1882, page 3 Library card required.
  9. ^ "Settlement: Part 1" Italian American Museum of Los Angeles
  10. ^ "Los Angeles Little Italy"

External links[edit]