Pico da Antónia

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Pico da Antónia
Pico da Antonia-Sommet (2).jpg
View over Pico da Antónia
Highest point
Elevation 1,394 m (4,573 ft)
Listing List of mountains in Cape Verde
Coordinates 15°03′4″N 23°38′7″W / 15.05111°N 23.63528°W / 15.05111; -23.63528Coordinates: 15°03′4″N 23°38′7″W / 15.05111°N 23.63528°W / 15.05111; -23.63528
Geography
Pico da Antónia is located in Cape Verde
Pico da Antónia
Pico da Antónia
central Santiago
Geology
Mountain type Stratovolcano
Climbing
Easiest route climb

Pico da Antónia is Santiago's tallest mountain located in the central part of the island in Cape Verde. The mountain is part of the protected area Parque Natural de Rui Vaz e Serra de Pico de Antónia which includes other features as the Órgãos and Montes Tchota and Xexê.[1] The mountain is entirely of volcanic origin. The towns Picos and Assomada lie close to the mountain. The area around the peak has been identified by BirdLife International as an Important Bird Area.[2]

The mountain range forms a part of the municipalities of São Salvador do Mundo, São Lourenço dos Órgãos and Ribeira Grande de Santiago.

Its geology consists of the Pico da Antónia formation consisting of calcarenothorizonite rocks, it was formed between 3.3 to 2.3 million years ago during the Piacenzian and the Gelasian periods.[3]

During the Ice Age from 15000 to 10000 BC, the elevation was above 1,500 meters, around 5000 BC, it mounted above 1,400 meters.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Protected areas
  2. ^ "Serra do Pico da Antónia". Important Bird Areas factsheet. BirdLife International. 2013. Retrieved 2013-08-16. 
  3. ^ Holm, P. M. (2008). An 40Ar-39Ar study of the Cape Verde hot spot: temporal evolution in a semistationary plate environment. 113. J. Geophys. Res. p. B08201. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Ricardo A. S. Ramalho, "The Pico da Antónia Volcanic Complex", in Building the Cape Verde Islands, Springer, 2011, p. 106-110 ISBN 9783642191022