Picoides

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Picoides
Three-toed Woodpecker - Finlandia 0005 (3).jpg
Eurasian three-toed woodpecker (Picoides tridactylus)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Piciformes
Family: Picidae
Subfamily: Picinae
Tribe: Dendropicini
Genus: Picoides
Lacépède, 1799
Species

See text.

Picoides is a genus of woodpeckers (family Picidae) that are native to Eurasia and North America.

The genus Picoides formerly contained around 12 species. In 2015 a molecular phylogenetic analysis of nuclear and mitochondrial DNA sequences from pied woodpeckers (the tribe Dendropicini) found that three existing genera (Picoides, Veniliornis and Dendropicos) were polyphyletic. After the creation of six new monophyletic genera and the subsequent rearrangement in which most of the former members of Picoides were moved to Leuconotopicus and Dryobates, only three of the original species remained.[1][2]

The name of the genus was introduced by the French naturalist Bernard Germain de Lacépède in 1799.[3] The word Picoides combined the Latin Picus for a woodpecker and the Greek -oidēs meaning resembling.[4]

The genus contains the following three species:[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Fuchs, J.; Pons, J.M. (2015). "A new classification of the pied woodpeckers assemblage (Dendropicini, Picidae) based on a comprehensive multi-locus phylogeny". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 88: 28–37. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2015.03.016. PMID 25818851. 
  2. ^ a b Gill, Frank; Donsker, David (eds.). "Woodpeckers". World Bird List Version 6.2. International Ornithologists' Union. Retrieved 5 May 2016. 
  3. ^ Lacépède, Bernard Germain de (1799). "Tableau des sous-classes, divisions, sous-division, ordres et genres des oiseux". Discours d'ouverture et de clôture du cours d'histoire naturelle (in French). Paris: Plassan. p. 7.  Page numbering starts at one for each of the three sections.
  4. ^ Jobling, James A. (2010). The Helm Dictionary of Scientific Bird Names. London: Christopher Helm. p. 306. ISBN 978-1-4081-2501-4. 
  5. ^ "Picoides funebris". International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources. Retrieved 2014-12-30.