|A female European green woodpecker|
Picus is a genus of birds in the woodpecker family. It has representatives in Europe, Asia and North Africa. The genus name is Latin for a woodpecker. The type species was originally unclear, but is likely to have been the European green woodpecker.
Picus woodpeckers are primarily insect eaters, with several species specialising in taking ants or termites. Some species will also consume fruit or eggs. Insects are captured by a rapid outward flick of the long tongue and gummed to its tip by sticky saliva.
- Lesser yellownape, Picus chlorolophus
- Crimson-winged woodpecker, Picus puniceus
- Streak-breasted woodpecker, Picus viridanus
- Laced woodpecker, Picus vittatus
- Streak-throated woodpecker, Picus xanthopygaeus
- Scaly-bellied woodpecker, Picus squamatus
- Japanese green woodpecker, Picus awokera
- European green woodpecker, Picus viridis
- Iberian green woodpecker, Picus sharpei
- Levaillant's woodpecker, Picus vaillantii
- Red-collared woodpecker, Picus rabieri
- Black-headed woodpecker, Picus erythropygius
- Grey-headed woodpecker, Picus canus
- Sumatran woodpecker, Picus dedemi
- Black-naped woodpecker, Picus guerini
The following were formerly included in Picus, but are now placed in Chrysophlegma.
- Greater yellownape, Chrysophlegma flavinucha
- Checker-throated woodpecker, Chrysophlegma mentalis
- Banded woodpecker, Chrysophlegma miniaceus