Pidurangala Vihara

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Pidurangala Vihara
පිදුරංගල විහාරය
Pidurangala Buddha (1).jpg
Religion
AffiliationBuddhism
DistrictMatale
ProvinceCentral Province
Location
LocationPidurangala, Sri Lanka
Geographic coordinates07°57′57.0″N 80°45′44.7″E / 7.965833°N 80.762417°E / 7.965833; 80.762417Coordinates: 07°57′57.0″N 80°45′44.7″E / 7.965833°N 80.762417°E / 7.965833; 80.762417
Architecture
TypeBuddhist temple

Pidurangala Vihara (Sinhala: පිදුරංගල විහාරය) is an ancient Buddhist temple situated in Pidurangala village of Matale District, Sri Lanka. The temple was constructed on a massive rock called Pidurangala, which is located a few kilometers north of the historical fort Sigiriya.[1]

Etymology[edit]

It is said that the name "Pidurangala" was derived from the Sinhalese word "pidu + ran + goda". In English language it means "offered piles of gold".[2]

History[edit]

It is believed that the history of Pidurangala Vihara goes back beyond to the first and second century BC.[3] From those days Pidurangala was used as a Buddhist monastery and but became a prominent place during the reign of King Kashyapa (473 - 495 AC).

Pidurangala Temple (4).jpg

According to ancient chronicles, Prince Kashyapa had killed his father King Dhatusena and fled to Sigiriya to find out a more secure place to prevent retaliation attacks from his half-brother, Mugalan. With the arrival of King Kashyapa, the Bhikkus who were medidated there were requested move to the nearby Pidurangala.[4] In a sort of compensation, King Kashyapa refurbished the temple and made it a prominent place.[3]

The temple[edit]

The temple was said to be 'panchavasa', consisting of five main ritual buildings. Among the buildings are Ancient Stupa, Chapter House, Image House, Bodhighara, Preaching hall, Sangharama (Bikku Residence Building) and inscriptions with drip ledged caves can be seen.[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "PIDURANGALA ROCK TEMPLE". Seelanka.net. Retrieved 14 April 2016.
  2. ^ "Pidurangala". Sunday Observer. 5 September 2010. Retrieved 14 April 2016.
  3. ^ a b "Pidurangala Temple Archaeological Site". srilankatravelnotes. July 2012. Retrieved 14 April 2016.
  4. ^ "Pidurangala: In the midst of serenity". The Sunday Times. 1 November 2009. Retrieved 14 April 2016.
  5. ^ "Pidurangala". angelfire.com. 25 March 2007. Retrieved 14 April 2016.