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A pie iron—also called pudgy pie iron, sandwich toaster, snackwicher, toastie maker, that consists of two hinged concave, round or square, cast iron or aluminium plates on long handles. Its "clamshell" design resembles that of a waffle iron, but without that appliance's honeycomb pattern. Pie irons are used to heat, toast and seal a sandwich—typically called a toastie or a Breville—consisting of two slices of bread enclosing a filling. Note that a “Jaffle” is not a toasted sandwich. A jaffle can have a whole egg inside as they are not cut in half.
The most common type in most countries are electrically heated counter-top models, and names vary from place to place. In the United Kingdom, the pie iron is referred to as a "toastie maker"; in Australia, it may be called a "jaffle iron", "jaffle maker" or "cheese toastie machine"; and it is sometimes referred to as a "snackwich-maker" or "snackwicher" in South Africa.
In the U.S., the Tostwich is possibly the earliest toasted sandwich maker, dating back to before 1920. However, it was not patented until 3 March 1925 (applied for on 26 May 1924). It was invented by Charles Champion, whose other inventions include a corn-popping machine for the mass production of popcorn.
Pie irons were popular with campers in the 1960s and '70s in the United States. Called "tonka toasters," recipes called for cutting the crusts from white bread and placing the long-handled iron in the coals of a camp fire for the time estimated to form a golden-brown crust. Canned pie filling was the most popular filling, though other combinations of meat/egg and vegetable filling recipes were circulated as ideas for camp food.
Modern versions of the pie-iron are commonly more domestic, if not necessarily more refined, with subdivisions allowing pairs of bread slices to be clamped together around fillings to form pockets or stuffed sandwiches. A combination of heat and pressure seals the bread at the outer edges.
Campfire versions are still made of cast iron and can be cooked over coals, open flames, or a stove, but lightweight aluminium stove-top versions are made, generally being coated with a non-stick surface both as a cleaning aid and to allay fears regarding aluminium in the diet.
Once the device is hot, the sandwich can be assembled "inside-out", where the buttered side of the bread faces outwards against the metal plates and the filling sits inside. This produces a crunchier toastie and helps prevent the bread from sticking. Alternatively, bread can be placed inside unbuttered, which produces a chewier toastie.
An alternative counter-top preparation method—one more common in the U.S.—employs a toaster oven where the sandwich (toastie) is arranged open face and then toasted (grilled), which not only toasts the bread but warms the meat and melts the cheese that is the traditional content of the classic Dutch toasted sandwich. While most informal eateries in Europe offer some form of toasted sandwich very few use clamshell-makers, preferring the grill or toaster-oven methods already mentioned, however American restaurants with a high customer turnover sometimes invest in large conveyor belt toaster ovens, such as can be found at Quizno's, Subway and Boston Market.
- Rights acquired by John O'Brien for Australian cookware company Breville in the 1970s mean that the name Breville is sometimes used there eponymously to describe both the device and the toasted, sealed sandwich product.
- In the UK, the appliance is notorious for being little-used. A survey in 2005 suggested that 45% of British adults own, but do not use, sandwich toasters.
- In India, particularly in Mumbai, open flame toasters are used to toast sandwiches. They are often called "Bombay sandwiches".
- In South Africa, the Australian Jaffle brand was popular in the 1970’s, however was surpassed in popularity by electrically operated “Snackwich” toaster machines in the 1980’s.
- "1949 Jaffle craze hits Australia". Australian food history timeline. 18 September 1940. Retrieved 25 November 2020.
- "Catlin's Own Inventor", Shirley Nesbitt, 2000, accessed 26 December 2007
- "Toasted sandwich; Butter the outside or not?". Piston Heads. 2015. Retrieved 19 October 2017.
- "From the Vault: Toasted Sandwich Maker". The New Inventors. ABC Television. Retrieved 16 May 2011.
- "The Original 4-Slice". Breville Product Information. Retrieved 16 May 2011.
- The Telegraph, 12 September 2005, Sarah Womack, "£9bn wasted on unused gadgets for our homes", London, https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/uknews/1498205/9bn-wasted-on-unused-gadgets-for-our-homes.html
- "Is the Bombay Sandwich really from Mumbai?". July 2020.