Pied Piper of Hamelin in popular culture

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The Pied Piper of Hamelin has appeared many times in popular culture.

Film[edit]

The story has been depicted many times on film:

Literature[edit]

This is a list of allusions. For tellings and retellings, see the List of literary accounts of the Pied Piper.

  • In 1556, De miraculis sui temporis (Latin: Concerning the Wonders of his Times) by Jobus Fincelius mentions the tale. The author identifies the Piper with the Devil.
  • The Pied Piper story is heavily referenced by the Russian poet Marina Tsvetaeva in her poem "The Ratcatcher", first published in 1925.
  • In Robert McCloskey's Homer Price the fifth chapter "Nothing New Under the Sun (Hardly)" has a Pied Piper like character; published in 1943.
  • In his poem, "The One Who Stayed" (in the collection Where the Sidewalk Ends, 1974) Shel Silverstein tells the story of a child who stayed behind while the rest of Hamelin's children followed the piper's song.
  • Harlan Ellison's "Emissary from Hamelin" (included in his collection Strange Wine, 1978) tells of a descendant of the original pied piper coming back seven hundred years later to lead all the adults away as punishment for centuries of "making the world a bad place".
  • The Ratastrophe Catastrophe (1990) by David Lee Stone is a parody based on the Pied Piper about a boy called Diek who takes away the children of a town because a voice in his head told him to.
  • What Happened in Hamelin (1993), by Gloria Skurzynski, is a young adult novel in which ergotism from contaminated rye crops helps explain the mystery of what happened there.
  • The motif of The Pied Piper as a rat catcher is present in The Wonderful Adventures of Nils (1907) by Selma Lagerlöf.
  • The story provides the basis for the central plot and several characters in the 1998 debut novel King Rat, by China Miéville.
  • After Hamelin (2000) by Bill Richardson is a children's book that picks up the story where Browning's poem left off. It is written in the voice of the deaf child in the poem, whom Richardson names Penelope.
  • The Maestro by Judd Palmer is a children's book and the second volume of Palmer's "Preposterous Fables for Unusual Children." The protagonist is Hannah, a girl who has moved to a town where music is banned after a Maestro stole all the children with music. When she is caught singing, she is exiled to a mountain cave where she finds the evil Maestro with his orchestra. After she frees the children and saves the Maestro from the angry townspeople, she alone stays with the Maestro out of free will because she wants to be his student.
  • Terry Pratchett's The Amazing Maurice and His Educated Rodents (2001) is a humorous take on the Pied Piper.
  • Russell Brand's first children's book, Russell Brand's Trickster Tales: the Pied Piper of Hamelin (ISBN 978-1782114567), published in 2001 by Canongate Books, provided an unusual take on the traditional Pied Piper story.[2]
  • In 2005, Adam McCune and Keith McCune, a father–son writing team, published The Rats of Hamelin, in which an eighteen-year-old Pied Piper faces a hidden enemy with powers like his own.
  • In Garth Nix's Keys to the Kingdom series, a character called the Piper appears as an antagonist. Along with being able to use the music of his pipe to cast sorcery, he led both the Raised Rats and the Piper's Children into the House, a clear reference to the traditional story
  • In Into the Woods, the three female protagonists' ancestor is hinted at being the Pied Piper.
  • The novel Peter & Max, written by Bill Willingham, tells the story of the Pied Piper, among other fairy tales. This book is a tie-in to his popular comic series Fables
  • Helen McCabe's horror novel, Piper, is based on the legend.
  • Jane Yolen and Adam Stemple's Pay the Piper: A Rock 'n' Roll Fairy Tale reworks the story in an Urban fantasy setting.
  • In Beyond the Spiderwick Chronicles: A Giant Problem, the Pied Piper story inspires Nick Vargas to use mermaids to lure the giants away with their song.
  • Dan Rhodes' novel Little Hands Clapping references the Pied Piper story; a line from Robert Browning's poem The Pied Piper of Hamelin provides its title.
  • In Eric Nylund's Mortal Coils, Louis Piper, who is Lucifer, is also an incarnation of the Pied Piper.
  • In 1954, Walt Kelly's Pogo annual, The Pogo Stepmother Goose, included an illustrated story called "The Town on the Edge of the End." Here the townspeople are plagued by various monsters, not rats, and the Piper's only demand is that "after the town has become bonny and gay, then you'll keep it that way." After the piper leaves, the townspeople are so concerned with preventing the return of the monsters that they become suspicious of each other and cruel to their children. Eventually the Piper returns and pipes the children away to a better life, leaving the townspeople grateful to be rid of them, and content to sink into their gloom.
  • In Darren Shan's novel Hunters of the Dusk, Darren describes Desmond Tiny as beaming like a rat catcher in league with the Pied Piper of Hamelin, and that his reappearance meant nothing but trouble would happen.
  • In Scott Westerfeld's young adult novel "Afterworlds", Lizzie's main antagonist in the afterworld who preys on ghost children, is called Mr. Hamlyn.

Comics[edit]

  • Captain Marvel Jr. #2 (December 1942) "The Pied Piper of Himmler" in which a Nazi Fifth column leads a group of mostly-teenage boys to a secret facility to radicalize them; the lame child shut out is none other than Freddy Freeman himself who transforms into his superhero form to rescue the others. [3]
  • The Pied Piper (created in 1959) is a reformed villain from the Flash's Rogues Gallery.
  • Carl Barks made reference in an issue of Uncle Scrooge Adventures when Scrooge, concerned about rats gnawing at his cash, hires Gyro Gearloose to rid Duckburg of all rats. Rather than music, Gyro invents a powerful cheese which attracts all rodents, and when astonished citizens watch him leading a huge procession of rats through the streets, comments "I am the Pied Piper of Duckburg!". The problem does not recur, however, because Scrooge honestly pays Gyro for the work he was hired for.
  • Writer Lars Jensen and artist Flemming Andersen created "The Ghost Rats of Hamelin" (2001), a Donald Duck comics adventure published in English in Donald Duck Adventures Take-Along Comic 6 (2004). In it, Hamelin is plagued once a year for a term of one week by the giant-size ghosts of the Pied Piper's rat victims. Donald and Fethry Duck, members of the Tamers of Nonhuman Threats, are sent to destroy these ghosts. Also true to the story was that the mayor is shown as a cowardly politician who uses political talk to stiff Fethry and Donald out of their fees.
  • The Pied Piper makes an appearance in Alan Moore's Promethea where he is unleashed on the children of a sect dedicated to hunting the heroine down after being warned to end their efforts.
  • Grimm Fairy Tales comic series issue #12 is entitled The Pied Piper of Hamelin.
  • The Pied Piper's pipe has an important role in Dylan Dog issue #210, "Il Pifferaio Magico" (trans. "The Magic Piper").

Music[edit]

Artists[edit]

  • R. Kelly claims to be "The Pied Piper of R&B"

Works[edit]

(Alphabetized by composer or artist)

  • Swedish band ABBA's song "The Piper", from the 1980 album Super Trouper, compares a rock star with the legendary Pied Piper.
  • "Pied Piper" is a song composed by Ian Anderson, released on Jethro Tull's concept album Too Old to Rock 'n' Roll: Too Young to Die! (1976)
  • Italian singer and songwriter Edoardo Bennato recorded the album E' arrivato un bastimento based on the Pied Piper fairy tale "Play Minstrel, Play" by Blackmore's Night seems to reference the legend. The lyrics mention neither children nor rats, but a musician who comes to lead an evil from a town, which the town comes to regret.
  • "The Pied Piper of Hamelin", by Robert Browning, set to music for Tenor and Bass Soli, Chorus, and Orchestra, by C. Hubert H. Parry, 1905.
  • "Pied Piper" is the fifth track on K-POP group BTS' album, "Her" (2017). The song refers to the band themselves as the Pied Piper, leading their fans away from real life responsibilities.[4]
  • John Corigliano composed the Pied Piper Fantasy (1979–82), a concerto for flute and orchestra. The work was premièred on February 4, 1982 at the Hollywood Bowl in Los Angeles by flute virtuoso James Galway and the Los Angeles Philharmonic. The world première recording was made on December 8 and December 9, 1985 and released on RCA Victor, performed by Galway and the Eastman Philharmonic, conducted by David Effron. Another version is available on Koch International Classics, performed by Alexa Still and the New Zealand Symphony Orchestra and conducted by James Sedares.
  • Folk singer Donovan, who starred in the 1972 film The Pied Piper as the title character, recorded the song "People Call Me the Pied Piper", which was included in his album Pied Piper, released on the Music for Little People label.
  • The song "Good Rats" by Celtic punk band Dropkick Murphys contains the line "Like mice behind a piper, rats from all around came to this factory in old Dublin-town", referring to the early popularity of the Guinness Brewery and its legend that rats and mice are part of its brewing recipe.
  • The song Lose Yourself by Eminem contains the line "Best believe somebody's paying the pied piper".
  • Progressive rock band Genesis mentions the Piper in "Apocalypse in 9/8", Part 6 of the song "Supper's Ready" from their album Foxtrot in the verse: "With the guards of Magog, swarming around, The Pied Piper takes his children underground"
  • Led Zeppelin's classic "Stairway To Heaven", recorded in 1970 for the Led Zeppelin IV album, mentions the Piper in two verses: "If we all call the tune, then the piper will lead us to reason", and "Your head is humming and it won't go in case you don't know the piper's calling you to join him", although, due to the mention of woods and forest, this piper may be a reference to Pan (god).
  • "Pied Piper" is a song on the album The Mother and the Enemy from 2001 by Polish metal band Lux Occulta.
  • Thrash metal band Megadeth mentions the Pied Piper in the chorus of the song "Symphony of Destruction" with" Just like the Pied Piper led rats through the streets, we dance like marionettes, swaying to the symphony... of Destruction " , from the album Countdown to Extinction
  • The song "Blessed Are the Sick" by death metal band Morbid Angel contains a flute solo as an outro entitled Leading the Rats.
  • Progressive rock band Mother Gong's album Fairy Tales includes the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin
  • Ray Noble and his New Mayfair Orchestra recorded the song "Pied Piper of Hamelin (Gailero Pintoresco de Hamelin)" in 1931.[5]
  • Alternative rock band A Perfect Circle's 2013 single "By and Down" makes reference to the Pied Piper throughout the song, containing the lines "Rode the Piper by and down the river" and "Pied Piper, float on down the river".
  • The Pied Piper story is also referenced by alternative rock band Radiohead in their song "Kid A" during the final lines: "rats and children will follow me out of town"
  • The folk singer Malvina Reynolds wrote the song "The Pied Piper" and recorded it in 1960 for the LP "Another County Heard From." The song tells the story of The Pied Piper of Hamelin in twelve verses.[6][7]
  • Rock band Queen quoted lines "and their dogs outran our fallow deer, and honey-bees had lost their stings, and horses were born with eagles' wings" in the song "My Fairy King" (1973) directly from the book The Pied Piper Of Hamlin.
  • "Pied Piper" is a song on the 1992 album All The Way From Tuam by Irish group The Saw Doctors, it reached number 3 in the Irish Music Charts
  • Crispian St. Peters had a 1966 hit calling for us to follow him as "The Pied Piper"
  • "Der Rattenfänger" is a song by the German songwriter (Liedermacher) Hannes Wader, released on the 1974 album Der Rattenfänger, telling the story of the "Pied Piper of Hamlin"
  • Pied Piper is a 2008 album and song by the Japanese rock band the pillows
  • The Whistler is a song by the German/American heavy metal band Demons and Wizards. The song suggests that the Pied Piper fed the children to the rats.
  • “Pied Piper” is a song on South Korean group BTS's album Love Yourself: Her, released September 18, 2017.

Opera[edit]

  • Der Rattenfänger von Hameln, a grand opera in five acts by Viktor Nessler to a German libretto by Friedrich Hofmann based on a poem by Julius Wolff (Leipzig, 19 March 1879).
  • Another opera of the same name by German-American composer Adolf Neuendorff to a German libretto was produced in 1880 but has disappeared from the repertoire. However, a recording of one of the arias from this opera, "Wandern, ach, Wandern," by Fritz Wunderlich is to be found on the EMI album, Fritz Wunderlich – Der Grosse Deutsche Tenor, a three CD set.
  • An opera entitled The Piper of Hamelin, written and composed by Nicolas Flagello in 1970, was performed and recorded live by the Manhattan School of Music Preparatory Division in March 1999 and released on Newport Classic [NCD 60153]. The production was conducted by Jonathan Strasser, and the performers included Bob McGrath of Sesame Street fame as "The Narrator", Brace Negron as "The Piper", Troy Doney as "The Mayor" and Nicole McQuade as "The First Woman (soloist)". This opera differs in its ending from the Browning poem; while the Piper leads the children from town, he later returns alone and is freely given the promised 1,000 guilders by the distraught and repentant townspeople, and the children are reunited with their parents.
  • Friedrich Cerha's 1987 opera Der Rattenfänger is based on Carl Zuckmayer's 1975 play.
  • Mark Alburger's opera, The Pied Piper of Hamelin (2004), with a libretto after the Robert Browning poem, was premiered at Thick House Theater in San Francisco (2006), with the Piper in the guise of George W. Bush and the Rats as terrorists.
  • George Benjamin's opera, Into The Little Hill, with libretto by Martin Crimp, was commissioned by the Festival d'Automne à Paris, and first performed at the Festival d'Automne, Paris on 22 November 2006.
  • Matthew King's opera, The Pied Piper, with libretto by Michael Irwin (author), was commissioned by Stour Music Festival, and first performed in 22 June 2015 with Michael Chance in the title role.

Recordings[edit]

Television[edit]

(listed by alphabetical series title)

  • A 1968 episode of the Batman (TV series), "Nora Clavicle and her Ladies' Crime Club", contains a scene wherein Batman rids Gotham City of a mechanical rat infestation by playing tunes on a flute and leading the rodents to a watery grave in the city harbor.
  • A year 2000 Japanese animated series called Boogiepop Phantom featured a character called Poom Poom, a phantom created by a phenomenon, is modeled from the memory of a child starring in the role of the Pied Piper on a stage production.
  • In the Japanese series Eureka Seven: AO, aired in 2012, Pied Piper names one of the teams used by Generation Bleu to investigate and study the Scub Coral and Secrets.
  • An episode of the British comedy The Goodies had an episode that parodied the Pied Piper story with reference to Rolf Harris.
  • In the anime Problem Children are Coming from Another World, aren't they? the Pied Piper is one of the antagonists in an arc which heavily involved the incident and what really happened to the children.
  • In 1985, Shelley Duvall's Faerie Tale Theatre adapted the story in the episode "The Pied Piper of Hamelin", written and directed by Nicholas Meyer with original music by James Horner, and starring Eric Idle in both the title role and as "Robert Browning". All of Browning's poetry was preserved.
  • In a 2011 episode of the Grimm (TV series) entitled "Danse Macabre", the Pied Piper figure is re-imagined as a popular underground DJ named "Retchid Kat," who is also a teenage music prodigy.
  • Season 3 of AMC's The Killing involves a serial killer called "the Pied Piper" who targets homeless teenage girls and runaways.
  • In the 2010 Season 2 19th episode of Fox drama series Lie to Me, the Pied Piper is a child killer.
  • In an episode of Lost Girl, the main villain of the episode reveals that some people call him Slender Man but most know him as the "Pied Piper" and makes a reference to luring away human children.
  • A 1980 episode of The Muppet Show featured a brief, altered re-telling of "The Pied Piper of Hamelin" featuring a town of rats overrun by a horde of children. The role of the Pied Piper was played by that episode's special guest, French flautist Jean-Pierre Rampal.
  • In the Once Upon a Time episode "Nasty Habits," the Pied Piper is revealed to be another name for the current main antagonist, Peter Pan. The children Pan lured away later became the first Lost Boys.[8]
  • 2015 Korean drama The Pied Piper features the eponymous antagonist, a terrorist who incites outcasts of the society to commit terrorist attacks.
  • A 1999/2000 (depending on location) episode of the Pokémon anime, known as "Pikachu Re-Volts" in English-speaking territories, is largely based on The Pied Piper of Hamelin, featuring a group using Drowzee- a psychic Pokémon- to abduct other Pokémon by hypnotising them.
  • In "The Day of the Clown", a 2008 episode of the British science fiction show The Sarah Jane Adventures, the Pied Piper is said to have been an alien who fed off of fear.
  • In the 2014 comedy series Silicon Valley, Pied Piper is the name of the fictional company founded by the lead character.
  • In the Star Trek: Deep Space Nine episode "Playing God", Chief O'Brien has to deal with an infestation of Cardassian Voles on the station that are chewing the wires, causing localize power failures. Dr. Bashir, as a joke, gives O'Brien a flute with a note saying "It worked in Hamlin".
  • A 1976 Wonder Woman episode titled "Pied Piper" features rock artist "Hamlin Rule" who uses his flute and other sound effects to control girls' minds.

Theatre[edit]

  • In the play The Pillowman written by Martin McDonagh, the main character had written a story explaining the origin of the lame child who could not follow the Piper.
  • A musical entitled The Pied Piper of Hamelin, written and composed by Harvey Shield and Richard Jarboe, was produced and performed at the Olio Theater in Los Angeles in 1984; the original title was 1284, the year in which the actual Pied Piper visited Hamelin. A recording of the soundtrack was released in 1984 on Panda Digital with Harvey Shield, John Hostetter, Jodi Mitchel, J.D. Ellis, Joey Sheck, Susan Holmes, Del Appleby and Lesley Sachs.
  • In 2002, the ballet The Contract (The Pied Piper) composed by Michael Torke, libretto by Robert Sirman and choreographed by James Kudelka was created to celebrate the National Ballet of Canada's 50th Anniversary season. Taking as its inspiration the story of the Pied Piper, The Contract focuses on the character of "Eva", a charismatic faith healer who is contracted to rid a small community of a mysterious illness that afflicts the town's young people. She succeeds, but when the town's elders find reason to disapprove of her private conduct, they refuse to honor the contract, precipitating an even greater tragedy. In May 2003, the National Ballet of Canada Orchestra recorded a CD of Michael Torke's original music for The Contract.
  • The 2008 Plague! The Musical featured the Pied Piper of Hamelin as a big-headed celebrity heart-throb, rat-catcher and rival in love to the hero during the 1665 Great Plague of London. Specific mention is made of the kidnapping of the children of Hamelin. After singing the heroic song, Pay the Piper, and leaving to battle the rats who have started the plague, the Pied Piper is dismissively killed by the Rat King using rigged explosives in the sewers of London.

Gaming[edit]

  • In the game Black & White, an optional sidequest on the first island involves a piper who is leading the children of your village away to a cave in the mountains.
  • The MMO game Dungeon Fighter Online (known as Dungeon and Fighter in Asian countries), contains is a game stage called Hamelin; the boss of the stage - called The Piper - summons rats and plays his pipe to attack players.
  • In the guitar learning game WildChords, a breakout in the local zoo of Ovelin has occurred. The protagonist Giuseppe has to hypnotize the animals with guitar music and lure them out of the city. The user can hypnotize the animals by playing the correct chords on a real guitar: C to crocodile, Am to the sad ape etc. In the intro story, a tale of "The gaudily garbed guitarist of Ovelin" is introduced.
  • In Chronicle Mode of Samurai Warriors 4, Kojuro Katakura referenced the story of the Pied Piper when you raise his friendship level for the third time.
  • In Skyrim a mad magician called 'Hamelyn' is attempting to build an army of skeevers (rat-like monsters) to attack the people who mocked and imprisoned him.
  • In The Witcher 3: Wild Hunt, the pied piper can be seen playing a tune while in The Land of a Thousand Fables.
  • In the Tabletop Skirmish game Malifaux, the master Hamelin, based off the pied piper tale, is often luring children to their demise, and controlling hordes of rats.

References[edit]