Piedmont, South Carolina
|Piedmont, South Carolina|
Location of Piedmont, South Carolina
|• Total||8.8 sq mi (22.7 km2)|
|• Land||8.6 sq mi (22.3 km2)|
|• Water||0.2 sq mi (0.4 km2)|
|Elevation||787 ft (240 m)|
|• Density||594/sq mi (229.2/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||1225406|
The Greenville County portion of Piedmont is part of the Greenville-Mauldin-Easley Metropolitan Statistical Area, while the Anderson County portion is part of the Anderson Metropolitan Statistical Area.
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (August 2008)|
After the American Revolution David Garrison Sr. settled in the South Carolina Indian Territory about 1786 at a place known to the Indians as "Big Shoals of the Saluda". The name of this location was changed to "Garrison Shoals" by David Sr. where he, along with son David Jr. owned a grist mill, tavern and 1,200 acres (4.9 km2) of land. The name was changed again, to "Piedmont", by the owner of the first successful cotton mill of the area, who had purchased the original mill's property from David Sr. The property was located between Piedmont and Pelzer on Golden Grove Creek of the Saluda River, where Garrison appears on the 1790 Census. He is known as the founder of Piedmont.
Piedmont Manufacturing Company, which was organized in 1873 and began operation in 1876, was a textile mill that was one of the first large-scale cotton manufacturers in upstate South Carolina. It had considerable influence on the development of other mills in the area.
The 1915 film, Birth Of A Nation, was set here.
Piedmont is located in northern Anderson County and southwestern Greenville County at  It is 12 miles (19 km) south of the center of Greenville. Exit 35 on Interstate 85 is 2 miles (3 km) to the west of the center of Piedmont.(34.704140, -82.461427).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 8.8 square miles (22.7 km2), of which 8.6 square miles (22.3 km2) is land and 0.15 square miles (0.4 km2), or 1.93%, is water. The Saluda River flows southwards over a dam through the center of town.
As of the census of 2000, there were 4,684 people, 1,829 households, and 1,349 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 545.6 people per square mile (210.8/km²). There were 1,992 housing units at an average density of 232.0 per square mile (89.6/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 92.08% White, 5.85% African American, 0.19% Native American, 0.23% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.11% from other races, and 1.52% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.20% of the population.
There were 1,829 households out of which 32.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.4% were married couples living together, 12.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.2% were non-families. 23.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 2.95.
In the CDP the population was spread out with 24.9% under the age of 18, 7.7% from 18 to 24, 29.7% from 25 to 44, 23.9% from 45 to 64, and 13.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 90.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.8 males.
The median income for a household in the CDP was $36,310, and the median income for a family was $41,654. Males had a median income of $34,890 versus $23,250 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $16,982. About 7.9% of families and 10.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.6% of those under age 18 and 15.8% of those age 65 or over.
Photographs of the mill, village, and community can be viewed in the Greenville County Library System digital collections. 
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Piedmont CDP, South Carolina". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved August 8, 2013.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- Greenville County Library System. "Piedmont Manufacturing Company Digital Collection". Retrieved July 2015.