|• Mayor||Sława Umińska – Duraj|
|• City||39.98 km2 (15.44 sq mi)|
|Highest elevation||350 m (1,150 ft)|
|Lowest elevation||261 m (856 ft)|
|• Density||1,400/km2 (3,800/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
41–940 to 41–949
|Area code(s)||+48 32|
Piekary Śląskie ([pʲɛˈkarɨ ˈɕlɔ̃skʲɛ]) (German: Deutsch Piekar; Silesian: Pjekary) is a city in Silesia in southern Poland, near Katowice. The north district of the Upper Silesian Metropolitan Union – metropolis with the population of 2 million. Located in the Silesian Highlands, on the Brynica river (tributary of the Vistula).
It is situated in the Silesian Voivodeship since its formation in 1999, previously in Katowice Voivodeship, and before then, of the Autonomous Silesian Voivodeship. Piekary Śląskie is one of the cities of the 2.7 million conurbation – Katowice urban area and within a greater Silesian metropolitan area populated by about 5,294,000 people. The population of the city is 59,061 (2008).
The town Piekary Śląskie was created in 1934 by joining the communes of Szarlej and Wielkie Piekary. In 1975, the administrative reform led to joining the nearby towns: Dąbrówka Wielka, Brzeziny Śląskie, Brzozowice, Kamień and Kozłowa Góra.
In the 12th and 14th centuries, the Germanised Silesian dukes governed the town, but a short visit of the King John III Sobieski rushing to relief Vienna in 1683 cause that memory about the Polish origin livened among them. The next years brought several peasant revolts against the German magnates. In 1697, Augustus II the Strong visited Piekary. He converted to Catholic religion in the local church and at the same time he sworn the pacta conventa.
In the 18th century, colonisation and Germanisation of Piekary Śląskie was increased. The result was a strong movement towards maintaining the Polish origins of the land. In 1842, Piekary's rector, priest Alojzy Ficek, commissioned a new neo-romanesque Basilica of St. Mary and St. Bartholomew designed by Daniel Grötschel. A painting of the Virgin Mary was placed there. It was one of the centers of Silesian Uprisings and in 1922 was ceded to the Second Polish Republic by Weimar Germany as 86% of the population voted for joining the re-established Polish state.
- 1 Kozłowa Góra (German: Ziegenberg)
- 2 Piekary-Centrum
- 3 Szarlej (German: Scharley)
- 4 Brzozowice (German: Brzezowitz)
- 5 Kamień
- 6 Brzeziny Śląskie (German: Birkenhain)
- 7 Dąbrówka Wielka
- Hans Kroll (1898–1967), German diplomat
- Karol Langner (1843–1912), Polish priest
- Wilhelm Antoni Góra (1916–1975), Polish footballer
- Hans Marchwitza, born at Szarlej (1890–1965), German writer
- Adam Matysek (born 1968), Polish footballer
- Jerzy Polaczek (born 1961), Polish politician
- Marek Siwiec (born 1955), Polish politician, Member of the European Parliament
- Dariusz Wosz (born 1969), German footballer
- European Spatial Planning Observation Network (ESPON) "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2009-07-28. Retrieved 2009-03-28. Cite uses deprecated parameter
|deadurl=(help)CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- Powierzchnia i ludność w przekroju terytorialnym w 2008 – Central Statistical Office in Poland ISSN 1505-5507 , 13.08.2008