Pieksämäki railway station

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Pieksämäki
VR station
Pieksämäen rautatieasema.JPG
Pieksämäki railway station
Location Asemakatu 2, 76100 Pieksämäki
Coordinates 62°18′05″N 027°10′00″E / 62.30139°N 27.16667°E / 62.30139; 27.16667Coordinates: 62°18′05″N 027°10′00″E / 62.30139°N 27.16667°E / 62.30139; 27.16667
Owned by Finnish Transport Agency
Line(s) Jyväskylä–Joensuu, Kouvola-Kuopio
Platforms 4[1]
Construction
Structure type ground station
Parking yes
Bicycle facilities yes
History
Opened 1 October 1889
Rebuilt 1981
Services
Preceding station   Finnish Railways   Following station
toward Jyväskylä
Jyväskylä-Joensuu
toward Joensuu
toward Kouvola
Kouvola-Kuopio
toward Kuopio

The Pieksämäki railway station is located in the town of Pieksämäki, Finland. The station has been in use since the track to Savonia was built in 1889.

History[edit]

The original station building and restaurant in a 1925 postcard.

In the 1880s, the village of Pieksämäki was located west to the current place of the town at Tienristi, currently known as Yläristi, and so the people of the municipality would have wanted the track to go west of Pieksänjärvi. However, because of cost reasons, in 1885 the government decided to build the track east of the lake, bringing the station a couple of kilometres east of the village, in the middle of an uninhabited swamp.[2] The first station building was very modest. The stations were divided into five classes in order of importance, with class 1 being the most important; originally, the Pieksämäki station was of class 4.[2] The village of Haapakoski located near Pieksämäki also received its own station, of class 5. Originally, cargo traffic was more important, and there was only passenger traffic to Mikkeli and Kuopio. Nevertheless, people started moving near the station, attracted by the railroad.

The representatives of the Pieksämäki area, most importantly Aapeli Häyrinen, were strong supporters of the Savonia railway, and were also present in the discussion of a perpendicular track in the early 20th century. The track would combine the parallel tracks of Ostrobothnia, Savonia and Karelia, but there was controversy about the actual layout. When Savonlinna received a railway connection from the east in 1908, the situation was clarified, and the track between Savonlinna and Pieksämäki was built in 1914.[2] At the same time, a side track from Huutokoski to Varkaus was built, and the Pieksämäki station became more important, of class 3. Already at this time, there was an agreement on the best western layout for the perpendicular track (the Pieksämäki station had faced competition from a track between Suonenjoki and Suolahti), and so the track was extended from Pieksämäki towards Jyväskylä, being completed by the time of Finland's independence and the Finnish Civil War in 1918.[2] Having thus became a crossing point in the Finnish railway network, the Pieksämäki station was promoted to class 2.

The completion of the perpendicular track meant a rise of importance for the Pieksämäki station, and it soon got its own restaurant. The proximity of the railroad had also resulted in another habitation centre near the station, and in the 1920s, it outgrew the old Tienristi, thus becoming the centre of the area. The separate Pieksämäki village became a market town called Pieksämä in 1930, but the Finnish Railway Institute did not rename the station. Later, the city council changed its mind, and Pieksämä was renamed back to Pieksämäki in 1948.[3] During World War II, the important crossing point station was the target of many bombings, and the station restaurant also burned down.[4] Nevertheless, traffic increased both during and after the war. This was partly because of a track between Varkaus and Joensuu, built in 1940.

The Pieksämäki traffic control center.

Pieksämäki became a central place for the VR Group, receiving a repair shop and a depot. The trackyard is one of the largest in Finland, over 6 kilometres long, with almost 100 kilometres of track.

The current central traffic station at Pieksämäki was completed in 1981.[5] Pieksämäki is the terminus for many passenger trains, and all trains passing it also stop at the station. It is nowadays a control station, because traffic control in the nearby railway traffic points are handled remotely from Pieksämäki.

Services[edit]

There is also bus traffic from the station.

References[edit]

  1. ^ FTA 2010, p. 84.
  2. ^ a b c d Iltanen 2009, p. 292.
  3. ^ Iltanen 2009, pp. 292–293.
  4. ^ Iltanen 2009, p. 293.
  5. ^ Iltanen 2009, p. 294.

Literature[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Pieksämäki railway station at Wikimedia Commons