Pier Angelo Manzolli
Pier Angelo Manzolli was a name used for the author of the book Zodiacus vitae, who is believed to be the Neapolitan poet Marcello Stellato, in Latin Marcellus Palingenius Stellatus (born ca. 1500 - died in Cesena before 1551).
Zodiacus vitae is a Latin poem divided into 12 books, one for each sign of the zodiac, published at Basel in 1543, but first published in Venice in 1536, and dedicated to Ercole II d'Este, duke of Ferrara. The didactic poem addresses the subject of human happiness in connection with scientific knowledge, and combines metaphysical speculation with satirical attacks on ecclesiastical hypocrisy, and especially on the Popes and Martin Luther.
It was translated into several languages, but fell under the ban of the Inquisition on the ground of its rationalizing tendencies. In 1551. After Stellato's death, the Catholic Church burned his heretical bones and Pope Paul IV placed his book in the first Index Librorum Prohibitorum, ("Index of Prohibited Books"), in 1559.
Influence in England
As a Christian humanist poet, Palingenius features strongly in the grammar-school education of 16th England. His specific influence on William Shakespeare has been noted especially in the Seven ages of man speech from As You Like It.
- Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Manzolli, Pier Angelo". Encyclopædia Britannica. 17 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 626.
- M. Palumbo, «MANZOLI (Manzolli), Pier Angelo (Marcello Palingenio Stellato)». In: Dizionario Biografico degli Italiani Treccani, Vol. LXXIII, Roma: Istituto della Enciclopedia italiana, 2010.
- Franco Bacchelli, «Palingenio e la crisi dell'aristotelismo». In: Sciences et religions. De Copernic à Galilée (1540-1610), Actes du colloque de Rome (déc. 1996), Collection de l'École française de Rome 260, pp. 357-374, ISBN 2-7283-0545-5.
- Jacobi Facciolati in Patavina Academia professoris, Epistolae latinae, Patavii: Ex Typographia Seminarii, 1765, pp. 155, 163, 173, 177 e segg.
- R. Soellner, Shakespeare's Patterns of Self-knowledge (1972) p. 8-9
- F. Watson, The Zodiacus Vitae (nd)
- C. B. Garrigus, A Study of the Parallels Between Shakespeare and Palingenius (Illinois 1938)