Pier Antonio Quarantotti Gambini
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (February 2013) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)|
|Pier Antonio Quarantotti Gambini|
23 February 1910|
Pisino d'Istria, Austria-Hungary
|Died||22 April 1965
Pier Antonio Quarantotti Gambini (Italian pronunciation: [ˈpjɛr anˈtɔnjo kwaranˈtɔtti ɡamˈbini]; February 23, 1910 – April 22, 1965) was an Italian writer and journalist, author of novels, poetry, and essays.
Quarantotti Gambini was born in Istria, then part of Austria-Hungary, in an Italian family from Rovigno. His father was a prominent Italian irredentist militant in Istria. He spent his childhood there, in the vicinity of Capodistria, a place which would figure in many of his novels. Istria was integrated into the Kingdom of Italy in 1919 as a result of World War I, fulfilling the aspirations of Quarantotti's father.
Quarantotti Gambini met Richard Hughes in 1927, as the English writer was travelling in Istria, and received literary advice from him. He became friends with Umberto Saba in 1929 in Trieste. He left Capodistria soon after to study law in Milan and Turin. In 1932, he published his first short stories, collected in the volume I nostri simili. From 1933, he worked for the newspaper La Stampa. He was sent as a war reporter to cover the Ethiopian War, then the Spanish Civil War. In 1937, his first novel, La Rosa Rossa was published by the publisher Treves, in Milan.
During World War II, he was director of the city library of Trieste, from where he had to flee in 1945 when Josip Broz Tito's Yugoslav Partisans entered the city. He settled in Venice, where he lived the rest of his life. From 1945 until 1949, he was head of a semi-clandestine radio aimed at Italians in the Free Territory of Trieste, Radio Venezia Giulia. He was an advocate for an independent Istria, but the London memorandum of 1954 partitioned the Free Territory, giving Trieste to Italy, but the rest of Istria to Yugoslavia. From then on, Quarantotti Gambini was not authorized to visit the places of his birth and youth. His major works date from this period of exile, and are heavily autobiographical (Amor militare, 1955, Il Cavallo Tripoli). His 1958 novel La Calda Vita is a subtle exploration of the transition from childhood to adulthood, its sensuality and cruelty.
- I Nostri simili, Solaria, Firenze 1932
- La Rosa rossa, Treves, Milano 1937; Einaudi, Torino 1972
- L'onda dell'incrociatore, Einaudi, Torino 1947 / Oscar Mondadori, 1966 / Palermo: Sellerio, 2000
- Amor militare, Mondadori, Milano 1955
- Il Cavallo Tripoli, Mondadori, Milano 1956
- La Calda vita, Mondadori, Milano 1958
- I giochi di Norma, Einaudi, Torino 1964
- L'amore di Lupo, Einaudi, Torino 1964
- Le redini bianche
- La corsa di Falco
- Primavera a Trieste, Mondadori, Milano 1951
- Sotto il cielo di Russia, Mondadori, Milano 1963
- Luce di Trieste, Eri, Torino 1964
- I Nobili di Rovigno e delle altre città istriane, diritti e privilegi, Disputazione di storia patria per le Venezie, Venezia 1968
- Il vecchio e il giovane, Mondadori, Milano 1965
- Katia Pizzi (2001). A city in search of an author: the literacy identity of Trieste. Continuum International Publishing Group. pp. 79–. ISBN 978-1-84127-284-9. Retrieved 25 February 2012.