Pier Giacomo Castiglioni

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Pier Giacomo Castiglioni
Pier Giacomo Castiglioni.jpg
Castiglioni in 1955
Born22 April 1913
Milan, Italy
Died27 November 1968 (1968-11-28) (aged 55)
Milan
NationalityItalian
EducationPolitecnico di Milano
Known forArchitecture, design
Spouse(s)Maria Coduri de Cartosio
Websitepiergiacomocastiglioni.it

Pier Giacomo Castiglioni (22 April 1913 – 27 November 1968) was an Italian architect and designer.[1]

Life[edit]

Castiglioni was born on 22 April 1913 in Milan, in Lombardy in northern Italy. He was the second son of the sculptor Giannino Castiglioni and his wife Livia Bolla.[1] His elder brother Livio and younger brother Achille were also architects.

Castiglioni studied architecture at the Politecnico di Milano, and graduated in 1937.[1] In that year[1] or in 1938[2] he started an architectural design practice with his brother Livio and Luigi Caccia Dominioni.[2] Amongst the designs produced by the practice were the first Italian bakelite radio.[3] The studio closed in 1940. Castiglioni married Maria Coduri de Cartosio on 30 December 1942.[1]

After the Second World War he and Livio worked with their younger brother Achille, who had graduated in architecture in 1944.[2] Much of their work was in product and exhibition design, but they also carried out a number of architectural projects, including the reconstruction in 1952–53 of the Palazzo della Permanente [it], which had been destroyed by bombing in 1943.[1]

Livio Castiglioni left the practice in 1952[2] or 1953[1]. From then until Pier Giacomo died – in Milan, on 27 November 1968 – he and Achille worked as a team; most of their designs are not attributable to either one of them.[1][2] Products designed by the Castiglioni brothers in the post-war years included the "Turbino" and "Arco" lamps and the "Spalter" vacuum cleaner. Working alone, Pier Giacomo designed the "Mezzandro" stool for the Zanotta company based Marcel Duchamp's concept of "ready made". However, it was not manufactured until 1971, three years after Castiglioni's death.[3]

Castiglioni also taught life drawing at the Politecnico di Milano from 1964 to 1968.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i Giuliana Ricci (1979). Castiglioni, Pier Giacomo (in Italian). Dizionario Biografico degli Italiani, volume 22. Roma: Istituto dell’Enciclopedia Italiana. Accessed October 2018.
  2. ^ a b c d e William Hamilton (5 December 2002). Achille Castiglioni, 84, Italian Home Designer, Is Dead. New York Times. Accessed January 2016.
  3. ^ a b Gino Moliterno, Gino (2002). Encyclopedia of Contemporary Italian Culture, pp. 139–140. Routledge. ISBN 1134758774