Piercarlo Ghinzani

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Piercarlo Ghinzani
Born (1952-01-16) 16 January 1952 (age 63)
Riviera d'Adda, Lombardy, Italy
Formula One World Championship career
Nationality Italy Italian
Active years 1981, 19831989
Teams Osella, Toleman, Ligier, Zakspeed
Entries 111 (76 starts)
Championships 0
Wins 0
Podiums 0
Career points 2
Pole positions 0
Fastest laps 0
First entry 1981 Belgian Grand Prix
Last entry 1989 Australian Grand Prix

Piercarlo Ghinzani (born 16 January 1952 in Riviera d'Adda, Lombardy) is a former racing driver from Italy. He currently manages his own racing team, Team Ghinzani, which was created in 1992 and is currently involved in several Formula Three championships.

Early career[edit]

Before his Formula One career, Ghinzani raced between 1976 and 1979 with Team Euroracing, in several Formula Three championships such as the European Championship which he won in 1977, the Italian Championship which he won in 1979 and the British Championship.[1] He also raced in Formula 2 in 1978.

Formula One career[edit]

Ghinzani achieved Osella's second and last points finish at the 1984 Dallas Grand Prix.

He participated in 111 Formula One Grands Prix, debuting on 17 May at the 1981 Belgian Grand Prix at Zolder. Though he participated in 111 Grands Prix, he only qualified for 77 of those, and started 76. He spent much of the 1980s racing for the small Osella team, and he only ever took one points finish. Ghinzani explained his continued association with unsuccessful teams such as Osella by saying it was better to be in Formula One, even at the back of the grid, than it was not being in it.

Following sporadic F1 appearances in 1981, and racing in Group C Sports car racing as a teammate to Michele Alboreto and Riccardo Patrese for Lancia, Ghinzani's first full season with the Osella team was in 1983. Despite achieving no points finishes he was retained for 1984. After qualifying 20th for the second race of the season at Kyalami in South African, he crashed in the morning warm-up at high speed through the Jukskei Sweep. His Osella hit the wall and with almost a full fuel load of 220 litres, went up in flames and he suffered burns to his hands and face that kept him out of the race. He recovered to take his only career points when he finished a surprising 5th at the 1984 Dallas Grand Prix in a race marked by high attrition, crumbling tarmac and oppressive heat.

Ghinzani remained with Osella for 1985, in the latter half of that year Ghinzani was drafted into the Toleman team to partner fellow Italian Teo Fabi. Despite the competitiveness of the car (Fabi managed to put his car on pole in Germany), Ghinzani was suffered reliability problems and was unable to register a finish for the team. 1986 saw him return to Osella which brought predictable results in a car that was based on a 1983 design and with a turbocharged Alfa Romeo V8 engine that was unreliable, moderately powerful and hard on fuel.

For 1987 he was contracted to the Ligier team, alongside former Grand Prix winner René Arnoux. The plans for the team to run new turbocharged 4 cylinder Alfa Romeo engines were scuppered by Arnoux's scathing pre-season comments that likened the engine to dog food and gave Alfa's parent company Fiat the excuse they needed to pull the plug on the engine project. This forced the team to hastily adapt their cars to fit Megatron engines, though luckily both were 4 cylinder and almost the same size (the Megatron was actually the BMW engine used by Brabham and previously by Arrows and Benetton, but as BMW had pulled out of F1 at the beginning of the season, Arrows and their sponsors, USF&G, bought the remaining engines from BMW and renamed them "Megatron"). However, while both were 4 cylinder engines, their respective 'plumbing' was completely different, forcing the team to miss the opening race of the season in Brazil while the rear suspension was re-designed to fit the new engine. Ghinzani occasionally ran in the points for Ligier, notably in Germany, but suffered the indignity of being disqualified at Silverstone for the British Grand Prix.

1988 saw Ghinzani drive for the small German team Zakspeed which ran its own 4 cylinder turbo engine, though generally without success and his best finish for the year was 14th for the German Grand Prix at a wet Hockenheim (his team mate, young German Bernd Schneider finished 12th in the race, the best finish for the team in 1988). Despite being one of the few teams to use turbo powered engines in 1988, Ghinzani and Schneider often struggled to qualify for races and were often slower than the atmospheric cars. One such time was at the ultra fast Silverstone Circuit for the British Grand Prix. With turbo engines both drivers should have easily made the grid with their power advantage. Neither driver qualified however, with Ghinzani 6 seconds and Schneider 8 seconds slower than the pole winning Ferrari of Gerhard Berger.

For 1989 he once again linked with Osella as team mate to young Italian driver Nicola Larini.

Ghinzani announced his decision to retire from Grand Prix racing before official practice of the final race of the 1989 season in Australia. He qualified 21st for his final race, but it ended when his Osella was violently hit from behind by the Lotus of triple World Champion Nelson Piquet on lap 19 under braking for the hairpin at the end of the fast Brabham Straight. Piquet, whose helmet was hit by one of the Osella's rear wheels but thankfully wasn't hurt, stated that he simply not seen Ghinzani until he hit him due to the amount of spray. The race saw 1989 World Champion Alain Prost refuse to drive more than one lap in protest of the dangerous conditions brought on by persistent and heavy rain.

Piercarlo Ghinzani also holds the record for the most Formula One appearances without qualifying in the top ten.[2]

Complete Formula One results[edit]

(key)

Year Entrant Chassis Engine 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 WDC Pts.
1981 Osella Squadra Corse Osella FA1B Ford Cosworth DFV V8 USW BRA ARG SMR BEL
13
MON
DNQ
ESP FRA GBR GER AUT NED ITA CAN CPL NC 0
1983 Osella Squadra Corse Osella FA1D Ford Cosworth DFV V8 BRA
DNQ
USW
DNQ
FRA
DNQ
NC 0
Osella FA1E Alfa Romeo V12 SMR
DNQ
MON
DNQ
BEL
DNQ
DET
Ret
CAN
DNQ
GBR
Ret
GER
Ret
AUT
11
NED
DNQ
ITA
Ret
EUR
Ret
RSA
Ret
1984 Osella Squadra Corse Osella FA1F Alfa Romeo V8 (t/c) BRA
Ret
RSA
DNS
BEL
Ret
SMR
DNQ
FRA
12
MON
7
CAN
Ret
DET
Ret
DAL
5
GBR
9
GER
Ret
AUT
Ret
NED
Ret
ITA
7
EUR
Ret
POR
Ret
19th 2
1985 Osella Squadra Corse Osella FA1F Alfa Romeo V8 (t/c) BRA
12
POR
9
SMR
NC
NC 0
Osella FA1G MON
DNQ
CAN
Ret
DET
Ret
FRA
15
GBR
Ret
GER
Toleman Group Motorsport Toleman TG185 Hart Straight-4 (t/c) AUT
DNS
NED
Ret
ITA
DNS
BEL
Ret
EUR
Ret
RSA
Ret
AUS
Ret
1986 Osella Squadra Corse Osella FA1F Alfa Romeo V8 (t/c) BRA
Ret
ESP
Ret
SMR
Ret
MON
DNQ
BEL
Ret
CAN
Ret
DET
Ret
FRA
Ret
GER
Ret
HUN
Ret
ITA
Ret
POR
Ret
AUS
Ret
NC 0
Osella FA1H GBR
Ret
Osella FA1G AUT
11
MEX
Ret
1987 Ligier Loto Ligier JS29B Megatron Straight-4 (t/c) BRA SMR
Ret
BEL
7
MON
12
DET
Ret
NC 0
Ligier JS29C FRA
Ret
GBR
EX
GER
Ret
HUN
12
AUT
8
ITA
8
POR
Ret
ESP
Ret
MEX
Ret
JPN
13
AUS
Ret
1988 Zakspeed Zakspeed 881 Zakspeed Straight-4 (t/c) BRA
DNQ
SMR
Ret
MON
Ret
MEX
15
CAN
14
DET
DNQ
FRA
EX
GBR
DNQ
GER
14
HUN
DNQ
BEL
Ret
NC 0
Zakspeed 881B ITA
Ret
POR
DNQ
ESP
DNQ
JPN
DNQ
AUS
Ret
1989 Osella Squadra Corse Osella FA1M89 Ford Cosworth DFR V8 BRA
DNPQ
ESP
DNPQ
MON
DNPQ
MEX
DNPQ
USA
DNPQ
CAN
DNPQ
FRA
DNPQ
GBR
DNPQ
GER
DNPQ
HUN
Ret
BEL
DNPQ
ITA
DNPQ
POR
DNPQ
ESP
Ret
JPN
DNPQ
AUS
Ret
NC 0

References[edit]

  1. ^ Piercarlo Ghinzani driverdb.com
  2. ^ Merlino, Michele. "Alonso closes in on Mansell's tally". Autosport Magazine. Retrieved 26 July 2012. 
Sporting positions
Preceded by
Riccardo Patrese
European Formula Three Champion
1977
Succeeded by
Jan Lammers
Preceded by
Siegfried Stohr
Italian Formula Three Champion
1979
Succeeded by
Guido Pardini