This article needs to be updated. The reason given is: involvement at World Cup 2018.(January 2022)
|Full name||Pierluigi Collina|
13 February 1960|
|Other occupation||Financial advisor, UEFA Head of Referees|
Pierluigi Collina (Italian pronunciation: [ˌpjɛrluˈiːdʒi kolˈliːna]; born 13 February 1960) is an Italian former football referee. He was named FIFA's "Best Referee of the Year" six consecutive times and is widely considered to be the best football referee of all time.
Collina is still involved in football, as an unpaid consultant to the Italian Football Referees Association (AIA), as the Head of Referees for the Football Federation of Ukraine since 2010, as a member of the UEFA Referees Committee, and as Chairman of the FIFA referees committee.
Collina was born in Bologna and attended the University of Bologna, graduating with a degree in economics in 1984. During his teenage years, he played as a centre-back for a local team, but was persuaded in 1977 to take a referee's course, where it was discovered that he had a particular aptitude for the job. Within three years he was officiating at the highest level of regional matches, while also completing his compulsory military service. In 1988, he progressed more rapidly than normal to the national third division, Serie C1 and Serie C2. After three seasons, he was promoted to officiating Serie B and Serie A matches.
In 1995, after he had officiated at 43 Serie A matches, he was placed on FIFA's Referees List. He was allocated five matches at the 1996 Olympic Games, including the final between Nigeria and Argentina. He refereed the 1999 UEFA Champions League Final between Bayern Munich and Manchester United; he cited this as his most memorable game because of the cheers at the end, which he described as a "lions' roar".
In June 2002, Collina reached the pinnacle of his career, when he was chosen for the World Cup final, between Brazil and Germany. Prior to the game, Germany's Oliver Kahn told the Irish Times: "Collina is a world-class referee, there's no doubt about that, but he doesn't bring luck, does he?" Kahn was referring to two previous high-profile matches that Collina had refereed which involved Kahn: the aforementioned 1999 UEFA Champions League Final, a 2–1 defeat for Bayern; and Germany's 5–1 defeat against England in September 2001. Kahn's luck did not change in the final, and his team lost 2–0.
He refereed the 2004 UEFA Cup Final between Valencia and Marseille. UEFA Euro 2004 was his last major international tournament, as in February 2005, as he reached the mandatory retirement age. His last international match was Portugal – Slovakia, for a 2006 FIFA World Cup qualifier at Estádio da Luz in Lisbon.
The FIGC raised its mandatory retirement age to 46 in order to accommodate Collina for a further season. However, a dispute emerged between the federation and Collina early in August 2005, following his decision to sign a sponsorship deal with Opel (also advertising for Vauxhall Motors in the United Kingdom – both are owned by General Motors). As Opel was also a sponsor of Serie A club A.C. Milan, the deal was seen as a conflict of interest, and Collina was not allowed to referee top flight matches in Italy.
In response, Collina handed in his resignation, effectively ending his career. The Italian Referees Association then attempted to reject his resignation, but he persisted with his retirement. He did, however, referee the Soccer Aid matches for charity in May 2006 and September 2008. During the latter of these games, Collina was involved in an awkward fall and was stretchered off after 21 minutes of play. He also refereed the first half of the 2010 Soccer Aid match on 6 June.
Collina attracted the ire of Luciano Moggi, the Juventus executive and chief instigator of the 2006 Italian football scandal. Collina was one of the referees that Moggi attempted to have punished for decisions that were made against Juventus. In an intercepted phone call, Moggi claimed that Collina and his colleague Roberto Rosetti were too "objective" and should be "punished" for it. As a result, he and Rosetti were two of the few referees that emerged unscathed from the scandal.
In September 2005, his easily recognisable face (to followers of football) also led to his appearance in an advert for the Vauxhall Vectra, which aired during the 2006 World Cup in the United Kingdom. He also appeared in adverts, for MasterCard and Adidas during the 2006 World Cup.
Although Collina is closely identified with football, his favourite sports club plays basketball. He is a lifelong supporter of Fortitudo Bologna, one of Europe's leading basketball clubs. On 25 January 2010, Collina participated in a special match for supporting victims of the earthquake in Haiti opposing "Friends of Zidane and Ronaldo" and the Benfica team in Lisbon.[clarification needed]
Collina has been head of referees for the Football Federation of Ukraine since 2010. His work in this position is criticised by national referees who disapprove of his lack of involvement in Ukrainian football (spending not more than two weeks per year in Ukraine) and possible tolerance towards corruption in the Ukrainian national football association.
In 1988, Collina met his future wife Gianna in Versilia. After living together almost from their meeting, they moved to the coastal town of Viareggio. Since their marriage, the couple have had two daughters. In 2003, Collina published his autobiography, My Rules of the Game (Le Mie Regole del Gioco). In August 2005, after his retirement, he concentrated on his own business, as a financial advisor. Today he lives in Forte dei Marmi.
After refereeing the Second Round match between Japan and Turkey at the 2002 FIFA World Cup, Collina became famous in Japan, and appeared in a television advert for frozen takoyaki products. He is also very popular in Turkey, as no Turkish team, national or club, lost a game with him in charge.
Collina was chosen as the cover figure for the football video games Pro Evolution Soccer 3 and Pro Evolution Soccer 4, appearing alongside compatriot Francesco Totti and Thierry Henry for the latter. This was unusual, as football games had come to almost exclusively feature only players and managers on their covers, and he did not feature in either game. In addition, he featured as an "unlockable" referee in the rival EA Sports game FIFA Football 2005, released shortly before Pro Evolution Soccer 4.
In September 2005, Collina appeared in a television advert for the Vauxhall Vectra. In 2006, Collina appeared in another television advert, this time for MB Pivo, a beer brand in Serbia. He also appeared in an advert of a Turkish GSM operator, Aria, due to his popularity in Turkey.
- IFFHS World's Best Referee: 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003
- IFFHS All Time World's Best Referee 1987–2020
- Honorary degree: Doctor of Science (2004), awarded by Hull University "for his contribution to the world of sport"
- Serie A Referee of the Year: 1997, 1998, 2000, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005
- Italian Football Hall of Fame: 2011
- My Rules of the Game: Pierluigi Collina (translated from the Italian by Iain Halliday), Macmillan, 2003. ISBN 0-330-41872-6 Original title: Le Mie Regole del Gioco.
- IFFHS: "All-Time World Referee Ranking" Archived 15 June 2018 at the Wayback Machine. Iffhs.de. Retrieved on 16 July 2015.
- Ukraine trying to revive Crimean champion football club, USA Today (19 June 2015)
- "Referees' Committee". Retrieved 2 June 2020.
- Referee profile Archived 11 September 2012 at the Wayback Machine mentioning the "lion's roar", 1999: the Euro 2004 section of the 7M.CN website.
- World Cup 2002 News: Ireland.com (The Irish Times) (1 July 2002). Retrieved on 29 May 2007.
- ""Consigli" agli arbitri e minacce Le telefonate dei potenti del calcio - Serie A - Calcio - Sport - Repubblica.it". repubblica.it (in Italian). Retrieved 12 January 2020.
- Roberto Rosetti. Worldreferee.com. Retrieved on 4 December 2011.
- ""Колліна прикриває корупцію своїм іменем". Сповідь арбітра". www.matchday.ua.
- "Pierluigi Collina wants referee crowding 'killed' from football". Sky Sports. Retrieved 31 May 2018.
- Referee Collina, the referee of the last match for Japan at the World Cup, appears on Japanese Commercial!! (ワールドカップ日本最終戦の主審 あのコリーナ審判が日本のCMに登場!!) Archived 1 September 2009 at the Wayback Machine ADWIN Communication & Marketing website (Japanese) retrieved 19 December 2009
- "Soccer: Collina ends his career as a referee". New York Times. 30 August 2005. Retrieved 4 September 2020.
- "Former Results". IFFHS.de. Retrieved 3 December 2017.
- "IFFHS – Various Annual Awards".
- "IFFHS ALL TIME RANKING OF THE WORLD'S BEST REFEREE (1987-2020)". IFFHS. 26 February 2021.
- The referee's a...doctor?. BBC News. 14 July 2004
- "Hall of fame, 10 new entry: con Vialli e Mancini anche Facchetti e Ronaldo" [Hall of fame, 10 new entries: with Vialli and Mancini also Facchetti and Ronaldo] (in Italian). La Gazzetta dello Sport. 27 October 2015. Retrieved 27 October 2015.
- Media related to Pierluigi Collina at Wikimedia Commons