Life and career
Calamai was born into a naval family. His younger brother Marco advanced to the rank of rear admiral in the Italian Navy and also had command of the Italian Naval Academy before being lost at sea in 1957. His father Orestes founded the first naval magazine in Italy, entitled La Marina Mercantile (Merchant Navy).
Calamai began his career as a sailor in July 1916, serving as an ensign in the Royal Italian Navy. Decorated with the Silver Medal of Military Valor during World War I for bravery, he also took part in World War II with the rank of lieutenant commander of complement, earning a second Silver Medal of Military Valor.
Following World War II, he returned to Ruolo Organico della Italia – Società di Navigazione (The Navigators' Society). He attained the rank of officer and eventually commanded 27 ships. He was assigned to the flagship SS Andrea Doria. After the collision of The Andrea Doria, Calamai retired and even told one of his friends, "Before I used to love the sea. Now I hate it."
- Cortesi, Arnaldo (July 29, 1956). Doria Warned Stockholm Twice Of Collision, Rome Paper Reports. New York Times
- Horne, George (August 11, 1956). Italian line files $25,000,000 claim; Owner of Doria Asks Court to Deny Bid to Exonerate Stockholm in Crash. New York Times
- Staff report (August 21, 1957). Italian Admiral Is Lost As Seas Sweep Yacht. New York Times
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