He studied in Reims and Paris, where in 1885 he earned his medical doctorate. He became médecin des hôpitaux in 1895, and professeur agrégé of histology in 1898. Afterwards he worked at the Hôpital Lariboisière.
Launois published several articles in the field of histology, but is primarily known for his studies involving the pituitary gland. His name is lent to "Launois' syndrome", which is also referred to as pituitary gigantism. In 1910, with M. Cléret, he described "syndrome hypophysaire adiposo-génital", known today as adiposogenital dystrophy, a disorder associated with an adenohypophysial tumour or lesions of the hypothalamus.
Selected written works
- Manuel d'anatomie microscopique et d'histologie, with Henri Morau. Paris 1891; 2nd edition, 1900
- Manuel des travaux pratiques d'histologie, Paris 1897
- Conférences d'histologie appliquée sur les muqueuses, Paris 1905
- Les pères de la biologie, Paris 1905
- Les nouveaux traitements dans les malades nerveuses, with A. Porot. Paris 1907.
- Le syndrome hypophysaire adiposo-génital. Gazette des hôpitaux, with M. Cléret. Paris, 1910, 83: 57–64, 83–86.
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