Pierre-Joseph-Olivier Chauveau

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Pierre-Joseph-Olivier Chauveau
Pierre-Joseph-Olivier Chauveau - 1863.jpg
1st Premier of Quebec
In office
July 15, 1867 – February 25, 1873
Lieutenant GovernorNarcisse-Fortunat Belleau
René-Édouard Caron
Preceded byNone
Succeeded byGédéon Ouimet
Member of the Legislative Assembly of the Province of Canada for Quebec County
In office
Preceded byJohn Neilson
Succeeded byFrançois Évanturel
MLA for Québec-Comté
In office
September 1, 1867 – February 25, 1873
Succeeded byPierre Garneau
Member of the Canadian Parliament
for Quebec County
In office
September 20, 1867 – January 22, 1874
Succeeded byAdolphe-Philippe Caron
Senator for Stadacona, Quebec
In office
February 20, 1873 – January 8, 1874
Preceded byJoseph Édouard Cauchon
Succeeded byPierre Baillargeon
Speaker of the Senate of Canada
In office
February 21, 1873 – January 8, 1874
Preceded byJoseph Édouard Cauchon
Succeeded byDavid Christie
Personal details
Born(1820-05-30)May 30, 1820
Charlesbourg, Lower Canada
DiedApril 4, 1890(1890-04-04) (aged 69)
Quebec City, Quebec
Political partyConservative
Spouse(s)Marie-Louise-Flore Masse

Pierre-Joseph-Olivier Chauveau (May 30, 1820 – April 4, 1890), born in Charlesbourg, near Quebec City, was a Canadian lawyer and politician. Chauveau was the first Premier of the Canadian province of Quebec, following the establishment of the Dominion of Canada in 1867.

He was a lawyer by profession, and practised in Quebec City. He co-founded the Société Saint-Jean-Baptiste of Quebec City in 1842. He was elected to the Legislative Assembly of the Province of Canada in 1844, and reelected in 1848, 1851, and 1854. He served as solicitor-general of Lower Canada, without a seat in cabinet, from 1851 to 1853. From 1855 to 1867, he was superintendent of the bureau of Education.

In 1867, he was elected to the Legislative Assembly of Quebec in Québec-Comté electoral district and headed a Conservative government as the first Premier of Quebec. He was also the Minister of Education and Provincial Secretary. Also beginning in 1867, he was simultaneously the federal Member of Parliament for the riding of Quebec County (such "double mandates" were abolished in 1874). He resigned both his federal and provincial seats, as well the office of Premier, on February 25, 1873, following appointment as Speaker of the Senate of Canada on February 21, 1873. He resigned from the Senate on January 8, 1874, and later that year ran unsuccessfully as a candidate for Member of Parliament in the federal election in the riding of Charlevoix.

In 1878, he became professor of Roman law at Université Laval. He died April 4 in Quebec City in 1890. He had seven children, one of whom, Alexandre Chauveau, became a provincial politician in his own right.[1]

His great-great-great-grandson is politician Thomas Mulcair.[2]


External links[edit]

  • Works by or about Pierre-Joseph-Olivier Chauveau at Internet Archive
  • "Pierre-Joseph-Olivier Chauveau". Dictionary of Canadian Biography (online ed.). University of Toronto Press. 1979–2016.
  • Pierre-Joseph-Olivier Chauveau – Parliament of Canada biography
  • "Biography". Dictionnaire des parlementaires du Québec de 1792 à nos jours (in French). National Assembly of Quebec.
  • http://www.1upinfo.com/encyclopedia/C/Chauveau.html
  • Catholic Encyclopedia article
Professional and academic associations
Preceded by
John William Dawson
President of the Royal Society of Canada
Succeeded by
Thomas Sterry Hunt