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|Reference style||His Eminence|
|Spoken style||Your Eminence|
|See||Bordeaux et Bazes|
He was educated at the Seminary of Toulouse in Toulouse, France. He was ordained to the priesthood on 30 May 1874. He worked as a priest doing pastoral work from 1874 for a year. He was chosen by Florian-Jules-Félix Desprez, the Archbishop of Toulouse, to be his secretary until 1880.
Bishop Andrieu was created and proclaimed Cardinal-Priest of S. Onofrio in the consistory of 16 December 1907 by Pope Pius X. He was appointed to the metropolitan see of Bordeaux on 2 January 1909. He took part in the conclaves of 1914 which elected Pope Benedict XV, and of 1922, which elected Pope Pius XI. As Archbishop he issued the first condemnation of a member of the French hierarchy against L'Action Française in 1926.
He died on 15 February 1935 in Bordeaux, aged 85.
- Bräuer, Martin (27 February 2014). Handbuch der Kardinäle: 1846-2012 (in German). Berlin: De Gruyter. pp. 209–210. ISBN 978-3-11-026947-5.
|Catholic Church titles|
| Bishop of Marseille
18 April 1901–2 January 1909
| Archbishop of Bordeaux
2 January 1909–15 February 1935