Pierre Bourque (politician)
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|40th Mayor of Montreal|
|Preceded by||Jean Doré|
|Succeeded by||Gérald Tremblay|
29 May 1942 |
Montreal, Quebec, Canada
|Political party||Vision Montreal|
|Action démocratique du Québec (2003)|
An horticultural engineer, he was director of the Montreal Botanical Gardens from 1980 to 1994.
Mayor of Montreal
Bourque proved eccentric and sometimes controversial as mayor. Known as a greenspace aficionado, he supported the creation of parks, implemented tree-planting initiatives, as well as creating Eco-Centres (reusable materials) and Eco-Quartier program (recycling). He was also responsible for the revitalization of many important districts of Montreal (Saint Catherine Street, Old Montreal and the Multimedia City) as well as the reopening of the Lachine Canal.
In 1998, responding to critics who denounced him for not fighting poverty, he spent the night with a working-class family. He was also well known for his close ties to minority "cultural communities". Bourque directed the city's public service to make an intercultural calendar for meeting scheduling.
At one time, Bourque was a moderate supporter of the sovereigntist Parti Québécois. Bourque's successful attempt, with provincial support, at merging all of Montreal’s 28 municipalities into a megacity of 1.8 million people and 27 boroughs cost him the election in 2001. Although he gathered a majority of votes in what was until then the city of Montreal, protest votes against the very principle of the merger in the former suburbs ensured a solid victory to his rival Gérald Tremblay. Pierre Bourque still sat on the municipal council, taking his running mate Kettly Beauregard's spot.
He subsequently attempted to enter provincial politics, running as an Action démocratique du Québec candidate in the 2003 Quebec election, but was defeated. Bourque finished third, behind then minister Diane Lemieux (Parti Québécois) and the Liberal candidate. He then returned to municipal politics, but was unable to win re-election as mayor.
Leader of the Opposition
Bourque lost for a second time to incumbent-mayor Gérald Tremblay in his fight to regain control of city hall in the Montreal municipal elections held on 6 November 2005, this time by a 74,646 vote margin. The voter turnout was less than 40%, among the lowest in Montreal's history.
Retirement from public office
- 1992 – Professional Citation, American Public Gardens Association.
- 1993 – National Order of Quebec.
- 2007 – Order of the Rising Sun, Gold Rays with Neck Ribbon (Japan).
Municipal election history
|Gérald Tremblay (X)||Montreal Island Citizens Union||227,208||53.9|
|Pierre Bourque||Vision Montreal||152,562||36.2|
|Richard Bergeron||Projet Montreal||35,889||8.5|
|Michel Bédard||White Elephant Party of Montreal||5,966||1.4|
- "Pierre Bourque (1994-2001)". Ville de Montréal. Retrieved 2009-09-28.
- Editorial: Courtesy not an unreasonable accommodation
- "Montreal mayor defeated in divisive election". The Globe and Mail. 5 November 2001. Retrieved 2016-04-01.
- "Projet Montreal taps Beauregard". The Gazette. Montreal. 20 June 2006. Retrieved 2016-04-01.
- "Ex-mayor of Montreal to be ADQ candidate". The Globe and Mail. 1 February 2003. Retrieved 2016-04-01.
- "Holding the fort for the ADQ". The Gazette. Montreal. 2 December 2008. Retrieved 2016-04-01.
- "Quebec Votes 2003 – Bourget". CBC News. 14 April 2003. Retrieved 2016-04-01.
- "Tremblay wins re-election, teary Bourque concedes". The Globe and Mail. 7 November 2005. Retrieved 2016-04-01.
- "Bourque wants new Montreal civic election". CBC News. 11 November 2005. Retrieved 2016-04-01.
- "Record-low turnout for municipal elections". The Concordian. 9 November 2005. Retrieved 2016-04-01.
- "Pierre Bourque quits Montreal politics". CBC News. 4 May 2006. Retrieved 2016-04-01.
- L'ancien maire Pierre Bourque se confie
- "Past Professional Citation Recipients". American Public Gardens Association. Retrieved 2013-11-01.
- Japanese Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MOFA): 2007 Autumn Conferment of Decorations on Foreign Nationals, p. 4; Canada Gazette: 2007
- Herland, Karen. (1993). People, Potholes, and City Politics. Montreal: Black Rose Books. ISBN 978-1-895431-52-0
|City Councillor, District of Marie-Victorin
|Director of the
Montreal Botanical Garden
as Interim director