Pierre Elliott Trudeau Foundation

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Pierre Elliott Trudeau Foundation
Fondation Pierre Elliott Trudeau
Logo Fondation Trudeau.jpg
Formation 2001
Type Independent and non-partisan charity with a national purpose
Legal status Foundation
Headquarters 1980 Sherbrooke Street West
Suite 600
Montreal, Quebec
Canada H3H 1E8
Official language
English and French
President
Mr. Morris Rosenberg
Website TrudeauFoundation.ca

The Pierre Elliott Trudeau Foundation is an independent and non-partisan Canadian charity, founded in 2001. The foundation supports creative and critical thinkers who make meaningful contributions to critical social issues through scholarships, fellowships, mentorships and public interaction events. To date, the foundation has granted hundreds of major awards to top researchers and highly accomplished individuals, in Canada and abroad.

Leadership[edit]

The Pierre Elliott Trudeau Foundation has had four presidents since its inception in 2001. The first President and CEO of the Foundation, Dr. Stephen J. Toope, took up his position at the beginning of August 2002. An Interim President, Dr. Frederick H. Lowy, served from June, 2006 through to October 2006 after Toope left to become President of the University of British Columbia. Dr. Pierre-Gerlier Forest, formerly Chief Scientist at Health Canada, was the President of the Foundation from November 2006 to September 2013. Mr. Tim Brodhead became interim president and chief executive officer as of 17 September 2013. In April 2014, Morris Rosenberg was appointed President and Chief Executive Officer.

Funding[edit]

In 2002, the Government of Canada endowed the Pierre Elliott Trudeau Foundation with $125 million CAD, to fund the creation of a program for advanced studies in the social sciences and the humanities.[1][2] An agreement on the Advanced Research in the Humanities and Human Sciences Fund was signed March 2002, between the Government of Canada and the Foundation outlining the obligations of the Foundation in handling public funds in regards to investment strategy, governance and program delivery. The Foundation also solicits private funding for targeted projects.[3]

Mission[edit]

The Foundation:

  • Encourages emerging talent through the awarding of Trudeau Scholarships to the most talented doctoral students in Canada and abroad;
  • Entrusts Trudeau Fellows and Mentors distinguished for their knowledge and wisdom with the mission to build an intellectual community to support the work of the Scholars;
  • Creates and maintains an international network of Trudeau Fellows, Scholars, and Mentors.

Themes[edit]

Human Rights and Dignity[edit]

The purpose of pursuing and establishing civil, political, economic and social rights is to preserve and promote human dignity, in all its aspects and dimensions. All human beings should be able to lead a life within society that reflects their common values and aspirations, in spite of differences.[4]

Responsible Citizenship[edit]

While powerful forces are pushing for integration on a planetary scale, cultural, ethnic and religious divisions appear to be growing stronger, with an increasing risk of loss of social cohesion. The rights and obligations conferred by citizenship are not equitably distributed at local, national or global levels; in the global economic context, the separation between private and public spheres of responsibility has begun to blur. Proponents of true democracy acknowledge the pluralist environment in a spirit of tolerance and shared social responsibility.[4]

Canada in the World[edit]

Canada’s tradition of responsible engagement in international affairs is an integral part of our identity. Through experiences such as immigration, travel, and instant global communications, the Canadian public has become more aware of complex international realities, whether they relate to commerce, culture or security. Our concepts of risk, social obligation and engagement are evolving. We have a clear need to rethink foreign policy and reflect on the opportunities and challenges that affect Canada’s role in critical areas such as environmental protection and cooperation between nations.

People and Their Natural Environment[edit]

Environmental issues are pervasive, a source of concern for individuals around the globe. Competition for food, water, clean air and natural resources is leading to conflict. Like other countries, Canada must acknowledge the degradation of the natural environment and the threat this poses to the health and security of Canadians. New sustainable ecological measures and human adaptation may reduce the risk of confrontation among different sectors of society and countries; the concept of environmental justice will drive changes in the economic, political and social order.[4]

Programs[edit]

Trudeau Scholarships[edit]

Trudeau Scholarships are awarded each year to support doctoral candidates pursuing research of "compelling present-day concern," touching on one or more of the four themes of the Foundation. Scholars are typically "highly talented individuals who are actively and concretely engaged in their fields and expected to become leading national and international figures." In addition, Trudeau Scholars often work as part of their scholarship with Trudeau Mentors and Fellows. According to the Foundation documentation, "interaction with the Trudeau community, non-academic spheres and the general public is an essential element of the Scholarship program."[5]

The Trudeau Scholarship program has rapidly become recognized as among the most prestigious doctoral award in Canada for students interested in major social and public policy issues.[6]

  • Annual value: $60,000 CAD per year per scholar (including an annual travel, research and public engagement allowance of $20,000 CAD)
  • Overall value: $240,000 CAD over four years (three years + possibility of one year renewal)
  • Number of scholarships awarded from 2003 to 2014: 170
  • Annual competition opens in October; closes in January
  • Canadian and foreign students apply through their university
  • Universities may submit 6 to 8 of their best students to the competition
  • Pre-selection and interviews are conducted by external review panels[5]
  • New Scholars are announced in May
Scholars 2016 Scholars 2015 Scholars 2014 Scholars 2013
Cherry Smiley (communications, Concordia University) Rebeccah Nelems (sociology and cultural, social and political thought, University of Victoria) Wendell Adjetey, Yale University Gerald Bareebe, University of Toronto
Antoine Pellerin (law, Université Laval) Caroline Lieffers (history of science and medicine, Yale University) Erika Bockstael, University of Manitoba Sylvie Bodineau, Université Laval
Pauline Voon (population and public health, University of British Columbia) Andréanne LeBrun (history, Université de Sherbrooke) Geoffrey Cameron, University of Toronto Chiara Camponeschi, University of Guelph
Cynthia Morinville (geography, University of Toronto) Jennifer Jones (geography, University of Guelph) Melanie Doucet, McGill University & Université de Montréal Anna-Louise Crago, University of Toronto
Gillian McKay (public health, The London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine) William Hébert (Yale University) Ali Hamandi, Harvard University Kyle Kirkup, University of Toronto
Ido Katri (law, University of Toronto) Bailey Gerrits (political studies, Queen’s University) Joanna Langille, University of Toronto Ryan Liss, Yale University
Gerard Kennedy (law, York University) Marie-France Fortin (legal studies, University of Cambridge) Nathan Lemphers, University of Toronto Logan Mardhani-Bayne, Yale University
Anna Dion (family medicine, McGill University) Avram Denburg (health policy, McMaster University) Andrea Marston, University of California - Berkeley Jean Frédéric Ménard, University College London
Ido Katri (law, University of Toronto) Samara Brock (environmental studies, Yale University) Aaron Mills, University of Victoria David Morgan, Dalhousie University
Aytak Akbari-Dibavar (international relations, York University) Erin Aylward (political science, University of Toronto) Jake Pyne, McMaster University Sophia Murphy, University of British Columbia
Samuel Blouin (sociology and religious studies, Université de Montréal and Université de Lausanne) Jennifer Peirce (criminal justice, City University of New York) Ayden Scheim, Western University Sara Pavan, Queen’s University
Sébastien Brodeur-Girard (law, Université de Montréal) Benjamin Perryman (law, Yale University) Tammara Soma, University of Toronto Robyn Sneath, University of Oxford
Christopher Campbell-Duruflé (international law, University of Toronto) Tahnee Prior (global governance, University of Waterloo) Claudia Stoicescu, University of Oxford Leah Trueblood, University of Oxford
Heather Bullock (health policy, McMaster University) Meaghan Thumath (nursing, University of British Columbia) Rebecca Sutton, London School of Economics & Political Science Emily White, New York University
Jesse Thistle (history, York University) Meaghan Thumath (nursing, University of British Columbia)
Marie-Ève Desroches (urban studies, Institut national de la recherche scientifique) Ben Verboom (social intervention, University of Oxford)
Anelyse Weiler (sociology, University of Toronto)
Scholars 2012 Scholars 2011 Scholars 2010 Scholars 2009
Nathan Andrews, University of Alberta Hassan El Menyawi, University of New York Adolfo Agundez Rodriguez, University of Sherbrooke Martine August, University of Toronto
Sara Angel, University of Toronto Alana Gerecke, University Simon Fraser Karina Benessaiah, Arizona State University Jonas-Sébastien Beaudry, University of Oxford
Gabrielle Bardall, Université de Montréal Claris Harbon, McGill University Nathan Bennett, University of Victoria Magaly Brodeur, University of Montréal
Megan Daniels, Stanford University Sébastien Jodoin, Yale University François Bourque, King's College London Kathryn Chan, University of Oxford
Kerri Froc, Queen's University Brent Loken, Simon Fraser University Amanda Clarke, University of Oxford Isabelle Chouinard, University of Montréal
Matthew Gordner, University of Toronto Alexandra Lysova, University of Toronto Libe Garcia Zarranz, University of Alberta Simon Collard-Wexler, Columbia University
Steven Hoffman, Harvard University Johnny Mack, University of Victoria Lisa Kelly, Harvard University Christopher Cox, University of Alberta
Lisa Kerr, New York University Mélanie Millette, Université du Québec à Montréal Michelle Lawrence, Simon Fraser University Tamil Kendall, University of British Columbia
Florence Larocque, Columbia University Danielle Peers, University of Alberta Scott Naysmith, London School of Economics and Political Science Jean-Michel Landry, University of California
Nehraz Mahmud, Memorial University of Newfoundland Graham Reynolds, University of Oxford Leila Qashu, Memorial University of Newfoundland Laura Madokoro, University of British Columbia
Michael Pal, University of Toronto Lara Rosenoff, University of British Columbia Rosalind Raddatz, University of Ottawa Lindsey Richardson, University of Oxford
Carla Suarez, Dalhousie University Marina Sharpe, University of Oxford Émilie Raymond, McGill University Mark Lawrence Santiago, University of British Columbia
Kerrie Thornhill, University of Oxford Zoe Todd, University of Aberdeen Simon Thibault, Laval University and Sorbonne Nouvelle (Paris 3) Jeremy Schmidt, University of Western Ontario
Daniel Werb, University of British Columbia Laure Waridel, IHEID and Université du Québec à Montréal Joël Thibert, Princeton University Lisa Szabo-Jones, Harvard University
Katrin Wittig, Université de Montréal Erin Tolley, Queen's University David Theodore, Harvard University
Scholars 2008 Scholars 2007 Scholars 2006 Scholars 2005
Maria Banda, University of Oxford Alexander Aylett, University of British Columbia Michael Ananny, Stanford University David R. Boyd, University of British Columbia
Jonathan Beauchamp, Harvard University Sherri Brown, McMaster University Catherine Bélair, Laval University Marie-Joie Brady, University of Ottawa
Andrée Boisselle, University of Victoria Elaine Craig, Dalhousie University Christina Brabant, University of Sherbrooke Caroline Caron, University of Ottawa
Julia Christensen, McGill University Lucas Crawford, University of Alberta May Chazan, Carleton University Kevin Chan, Harvard University
Lisa Freeman, University of Toronto Jessica Dempsey, University of British Columbia Rajdeep Gill, University of British Columbia Astrid Christoffersen-Deb, University of Oxford
Xavier Gravend-Tirole, University of Montréal and University of Lausanne Sarah Kamal, London School of Economics and Political Science Lisa Helps, University of Toronto Lilith Finkler, Dalhousie University
Shauna Labman, University of British Columbia Kristi Kenyon, University of British Columbia Kate Hennessy, University of British Columbia Christian Girard, University of Montréal
Mark Mattner, McGill University Joshua Lambier, University of Western Ontario Dawnis Kennedy, University of Toronto Fiona Kelly, University of British Columbia
Daina Mazutis, University of Western Ontario Jennifer Langlais, Harvard University Alexis Lapointe, University of Montréal and University of Paris X Amy Z. Mundorff, Simon Fraser University
Alberto Vergara Paniagua, University of Montréal Myles Leslie, University of Toronto Jason Luckerhoff, Université Laval Vincent Pouliot, McGill University
Nicholas Rivers, Simon Fraser University Leah Levac, University of New Brunswick Prateep Nayak, University of Manitoba Aliette Frank Sheinin, University of British Columbia
Irvin Studin, York University Jason Morris-Jung, University of California Taylor Owen, University of Oxford Emma J. Stewart, Lincoln University
William Tayeebwa, Concordia University Emily Padden, University of Oxford Meredith Schwartz, Dalhousie University Sonali Thakkar, Columbia University
Christopher Tenove, University of British Columbia Geneviève Pagé, University of Montréal Samuel Spiegal, University of Cambridge
Lilia Yumagulova, University of British Columbia Kate Parizeau, University of British Columbia Pierre-Hugues Verdier, University of Virginia
Scholars 2004 Scholars 2003
Jillian Boyd, University of Toronto Caroline Allard, University of Montréal
Ken Caine, University of Alberta Anna-Liisa Aunio, McGill University
Collen M. Davison, University of Ottawa Jay Batongbacal, Dalhousie University
Nora Doerr-MacEwan, University of Waterloo Pascale Fournier, University of Ottawa
Margarida Garcia, University of Ottawa Julie Gagné, Laval University and EHESS
Robert Huish, Dalhousie University Ginger Gibson, University of British Columbia
Alenia Kysela, McMaster University D. Memee Lavell-Harvard, University of Western Ontario
Patti-Ann Laboucane-Benson, University of Alberta Robert Leckey, McGill University
David Mendelsohn, McGill University James Milner, University of Oxford
Alain-Désiré Nimubona, HEC Montréal Robert Lee Nichols, University of Toronto
Rebecca Polock, Trent University Anna Stanley, University of Guelph
Karen Rideout, University of British Columbia Sophie Thériault, University of Ottawa
Louis-Joseph Saucier, Université du Québec à Montréal and Paris I Panthéon-Sorbonne
Grégoire Webber, University of Oxford

Trudeau Fellowships[edit]

Up to five Trudeau Fellows are chosen each year in recognition of "outstanding achievement, innovative approaches to issues of public policy and commitment to public engagement." Support is provided for Fellows to make "extraordinary contributions in their fields through leading-edge research and creative work."

According to Foundation documentation, there are three main aims of the Fellowship Program. First, it is '"intended to reward exceptional individuals who use evidence and creativity to inform public discourse and policy." Next, the program "fosters the best multidisciplinary research and knowledge dissemination within the social sciences and the humanities." Lastly, the program "strives to establish Trudeau Fellows as outstanding participants within the universities, to challenge and encourage the next generation of scholars."[7]

  • Overall value: $225,000 CAD over three years
  • Number of Fellowships given from 2003 to 2014: 46
  • Call for nominations opens in September and closes in November
  • Applications are submitted by a list of over 300 eminent nominators
  • An external committee of peers reviews the Fellowship nomination files
  • New Fellows are announced in September
2015 Fellows 2014 Fellows 2013 Fellows 2012 Fellows
Bessma Momani, University of Waterloo & CIGI Myriam Denov, McGill University Timothy Caulfield, University of Alberta Maria Campbell, University of Ottawa
Cléo Paskal, CÉRIUM (Université de Montréal) Evan Fraser, University of Guelph Jennifer Clapp, University of Waterloo Catherine Dauvergne, University of British Columbia
Réné Provost, McGill University Jason Edward Lewis, Concordia University Jean Leclair, Université de Montréal Joseph Heath, University of Toronto
Jocelyn Downie, Dalhousie University Kent Roach, University of Toronto Janine Marchessault, York University
Nancy Turner, University of Victoria
2011 Fellows 2010 Fellows 2009 Fellows 2008 Fellows
Macartan Humphreys (Columbia University), visiting Fellow at University of British Columbia Janine Brodie, University of Alberta Isabella Bakker, York University François Crépeau, Université de Montréal
John McGarry, Queen's University Sujit Choudhry, University of Toronto Clare Bradford, Deakin University Kathleen Mahoney, University of Calgary
Haideh Moghissi, York University Alain-G. Gagnon, Université du Québec à Montréal Beverley Diamond, Memorial University of Newfoundland John B. Robinson, University of British Columbia
Ronald Rudin, Concordia University Steven Loft, resident at Ryerson University Simon Harel, Université du Québec À Montréal Rosemary Sullivan, University of Toronto
Jeremy Webber, University of Victoria Guy Vanderhaegue, St.Thomas More College, University of Saskatchewan
2007 Fellows 2006 Fellows 2005 Fellows 2004 Fellows
William D. Coleman, McMaster University Constance Backhouse, University of Ottawa George Elliott Clarke, University of Toronto Ann Dale, Royal Roads University
Eric Helleiner, University of Waterloo John Borrows, University of Victoria Jane Jenson, University of Montréal Roderick A. Macdonald, McGill University
Shana Poplack, University of Ottawa Jocelyn Létourneau, Laval University Will Kymlicka, Queen's University Rohinton Mistry, writer
William E. Rees, University of British Columbia Barbara Neis, Memorial University Margaret Lock, McGill University Donald Savoie, University of Moncton
Joseph Yvon Thériault, Université du Québec à Montréal Jennifer Welsh, University of Oxford Philippe Poullaouec-Gonidec, University of Montréal Daniel Weinstock, University of Montréal
2003 Fellows
David Ley, University of British Columbia
Danielle Juteau, University of Montréal
Janice Gross Stein, University of Toronto
James Hamilton Tully, University of Victoria

Trudeau Mentorships[edit]

Up to twelve Trudeau Mentors are appointed each year. The Mentorship program seeks to forge intellectual and personal bonds between renowned Canadians with extensive experience in public life and talented, young doctoral students who have been awarded Trudeau Scholarships.

Mentors are drawn from a wide array of professional backgrounds, including the arts, journalism, business, public service, the legal profession, research and advocacy. Trudeau Mentors have typically earned a nationwide and international reputation based on achievements in their own particular field, and are able to introduce Scholars to their networks.

Trudeau Mentor candidates are screened and selected by an independent File Review Committee composed of a majority of senior decision-makers and social entrepreneurs, including leading members of the media, business and policy community.

  • Overall value: $35,000 CAD over four years (including a travel and public engagement allowance of $15,000 CAD)
  • Mentors nominated between 2004 and 2015: 105
  • Call for nominations opens in July and closes in September
  • Applications are submitted by a list of over 300 eminent nominators
  • An external committee of peers reviews the Mentorship nomination files
  • New Mentors are announced in January
2016 Mentors[8] 2015 Mentors[9] 2014 Mentors[10] 2013 Mentors 2012 Mentors 2011 Mentors 2010 Mentors
John Coleman Susan MW Cartwright Denise Bombardier Françoise Bertrand Elizabeth Beale George R.M. Anderson Guy Berthiaume
Susan Delancourt Marie Deschamps Louise Charron Susan Cartwright Cindy Blackstock Margaret Bloodworth Ed Broadbent
Elaine Feldman John Fraser Pierre-Marc Johnson Len Edwards Philippe Couillard Jacques Bougie Donald W. Campbell
Michael Horgan Ken Georgetti Avrim Lazar Michael Fortier Len Crispino Joseph Caron Maria Campbell
Louis Lebel Robert P. Moody Clarence Louie Evaleen Jaager Roy Paul Kariya Rita Deverell Roberta Jamieson
Jean Lebel Stephen Owen Marie-Lucie Morin Wade Maclauchlan Frances Lankin Jim Judd Chantal Hébert
Tony Penikett Don Roberts David Schindler Sandy Martin Daniel Lessard Maureen McTeer Pierre Pettigrew
John Stackhouse Jillian Stirk Mary Simon Jessica Mcdonald Bernard Richard Samantha Nutt Edward Roberts
Marie Wilson Jennifer Stoddart Glenda Yeates Madeleine Redfern John Sims Mary Ellen Turpel-Lafond Guy Saint-Pierre
Victor Young Rosemary Thompson Chuck Strahl Robert Wright Jodi White
2009 Mentors 2008 Mentors 2007 Mentors 2006 Mentors 2005 Mentors 2004 Mentors
James Bartleman Dyane Adam Lloyd Axworthy Margaret Catley-Carlson Paul Heinbecker Louise Arbour
Chuck Blyth Robert Fowler Ken Battle Raymond Chrétien Irshad Manji Allan Blakeney
Carolyn McAskie Sylvia D. Hamilton Monique Bégin Arthur Hanson Judith Maxwell Elizabeth Dowdeswell
Renée Dupuis Janice MacKinnon Elizabeth Davis Frank Iacobucci Elizabeth May Yves Fortier
Ivan Fellegi Louise Mailhot Ursula Franklin Donald Johnston Morris Rosenberg Michael Harcourt
Alanis Obomsawin Larry Murray Huguette Labelle Gregory P. Marchildon Diom Roméo Saganash Judith Maxwell
Peter Harder Alex Neve Gordon Smith David Morley Jeffrey Simpson Ken Wiwa
Misel Joe Monica Patten Stephanie Nolen
Anne McLellan Raymond A. Speaker Sheila Watt-Cloutier
Nola-Kate Seymoar

Public Interaction Program[edit]

The Trudeau Foundation’s Public Interaction Program (PIP) is designed to integrate the Foundation’s three grant-giving programs by providing recipients with opportunities to learn and exchange research, ideas and proposals that focus on specific questions, and to share relevant knowledge with colleagues from different disciplines and varied life and cultural backgrounds.

In addition to PIP events organized by the Foundation, members of the Trudeau Community are encouraged to organize PIP events on major issues of public policy that affect Canadians and global society. Finally, the Foundation collaborates with other institutions and organizations to advance discussions in wider fields.

  • Purpose of PIP events: knowledge acquisition, knowledge transfer, and knowledge exchange
  • Number of PIP events held from 2003 to 2011: 91
  • Total attendance to PIP events: More than 1,000 per year

Governance[edit]

Board of Directors[edit]

The Foundation is governed by an independent and pan-Canadian Board of Directors. Board Members who serve for renewable terms of two years. The Board and its committees – Audit Committee, Finance and Investment Committee, Application and Nomination Review Committee – support the Foundation President in strategic decisions and the implementation of diligent and transparent management practices.

Current Board Members[11][edit]

  • Mr. Roy L. Heenan, Board Chair; Founding Partner, Heenan Blaikie LLP
  • The Hon. Michel Bastarache, Counsel, Heenan Blaikie LLP; former Justice of the Supreme Court of Canada
  • Mr. David L. Emerson, corporate director, public policy and business advisor
  • Mr. Alexander Himelfarb, Former Ambassador of Canada to the Italian Republic
  • Dr. Chaviva Hošek, Former President and CEO of the Canadian Institute for Advanced Research
  • Mr. Edward Johnson, Senior Vice-President, General Counsel and Secretary, Power Corporation of Canada
  • Dr. Paule Leduc, former Rector of the Université du Québec à Montréal
  • Mr. Patrick Pichette, Senior Vice-President and Chief Financial Officer, Google Inc.
  • Dr. Marc Renaud, Professor, Université de Montréal; former President, Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council
  • Dr. Sean E. Riley, President, St. Francis Xavier University
  • Dr. Emőke Szathmáry, President and Vice-Chancellor, The University of Manitoba
  • Mr. Alexandre Trudeau, Documentary filmmaker[12]

Dr. Jason Luckerhoff, Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières

Former Board Members[edit]

Members of the Foundation[edit]

Members of the Trudeau Foundation provide general oversight for the Foundation through advice to the Directors and the Foundation staff. They meet once a year at the Annual Meeting of the Members where they appoint external auditors and new directors and members as required. Applications are received by the Nominating Committee.[13]

Foundation Members[edit]

Former Members of the Foundation[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Justin Trudeau withdraw from the affairs of the Foundation while involved in Federal politics.[13]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://openparliament.ca/debates/2002/2/20/allan-rock-3/
  2. ^ http://www.trudeaufoundation.ca/en/about/publications/policies/info-source
  3. ^ http://www.trudeaufoundation.ca/en/about
  4. ^ a b c site_editor (2012-04-16). "Our themes". Fondation Trudeau. Retrieved 2016-12-22. 
  5. ^ a b joshua.davidson (2016-05-08). "Doctoral scholarships". Fondation Trudeau. Retrieved 2016-12-22. 
  6. ^ "Three U of T students win prestigious Trudeau Foundation scholarships". www.utoronto.ca. Retrieved 2016-12-22. 
  7. ^ joshua.davidson (2016-05-09). "Research fellowships". Fondation Trudeau. Retrieved 2016-12-22. 
  8. ^ "Community". Retrieved 2016-07-18. 
  9. ^ "Meet the 2015 Trudeau Fellows". Fondation Trudeau. 2015-09-16. Retrieved 2016-07-18. 
  10. ^ http://www.fondationtrudeau.ca/en/community/Mentors/2014/all
  11. ^ "Community". Retrieved 2016-07-02. 
  12. ^ http://www.fondationtrudeau.ca/en/directors
  13. ^ a b "Annual Report 2014-2015" (pdf). The Pierre Elliot Trudeau Foundation. 2015: 42. ISSN 1918-2406. Retrieved 12 December 2016. 

External links[edit]