Pierre Grégoire (jurist)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Pierre Grégoire (also Pedro Gregoire, Petrus Gregorius Tholosanus) (c.1540–1597) was a French jurist and philosopher


He was born at Toulouse around 1540. After studies at Toulouse, he became an advocate. From 1570 he was professeur of law at Cahors; in 1580 he returned to Toulouse in a similar post.[1] In 1582 he was called by Charles III, Duke of Lorraine to found a law faculty at Pont-à-Mousson, the École doctrinale de droit public. He died at Pont-à-Mousson.


His Syntaxes artis mirabilis (1578) was an encyclopedic work on the sciences where magic and demonology were included with Astrology and mathematics. Grégoire is considered to be in the tradition of Raymond Lull. The work was placed on the Index of Forbidden Books.

In his De Republica he expresses political views in favour of monarchy, and uses the analogy of family and state. Although his faculty was dominated by Jesuits, Grégoire turned away from the policies of the Catholic League.[2] A critic of Machiavelli and not a Gallican, he drew on both Jean Bodin and François Hotman, for an eclectic moderate Catholic position supporting the papal deposing power restricted to the Holy Roman Emperor, and the publication in France of the Tridentine decrees.[3]

  • Réponse au conseil donné par Charles du Moulin sur la dissuasion de la juridiction du concile de Trente en France, Lyon, 1584.
  • Syntaxes artis mirabilis, in libros septem digestae. Per quas de omni re proposita,... disputari aut tractari, omniumque summaria cognitio haberi potest, Lyon, Antoine Gryphe, 1575-1576, in three parts, the first two in a single volume : I) Syntaxes artis mirabilis 8 ff. + 190 p. II) Commentaria in prolegomena syntaxeon mirabilis artis 1 f, 304 p., III) Syntaxeon artis mirabilis, 8 ff., 1055, 125 p. Later edition: Commentaria in syntaxes artis mirabilis per quas de omnibus disputatur habeturque cognitio autore Petro Gregorio Tholosano impressum Lugduni per Antonium Grifium 1585. Later edition at Cologne, Lazarus Zetner 1610. [1]
  • Syntagma juris universi (1582). t. I [2] t. II [3]
  • De republica libri sex et viginti, Lyon et Pont-à-Mousson, 1596. New edition 1597.
  • Institutiones breves et novae rei beneficiariae ecclesisticae (1602) [4]

Further reading[edit]

  • Charles Hyver, Le doyen Pierre Grégoire de Toulouse et lʹorganisation de la faculté de droit à lʹUniversité de Pont-à-Mousson (1582-1597), 1874, 88 p.
  • T. et J. Carreras y Artau, Historia de la filosofía española. Filosofía cristiana de los siglos XIII al XV, Madrid, 1939-1943, vol. II, p. 234 sq.
  • C. Collot, L'école doctrinale de droit public de Pont-à-Mousson (Pierre Grégoire de Toulouse et Guillaume Barclay) à la fin du XVI° siècle, Librairie générale de droit et de jurisprudence, 1965, 357 p.
  • H. Gilles, La carrière méridionale de Pierre Grégoire de Toulouse, Presses Universitaires de Toulouse, Mélanges offerts à Paul Couzinet, 1974, p. 263-327.
  • Paolo Rossi, Clavis universalis. Arts de la mémoire, logique combinatoire et langue universelle de Lulle à Leibniz (1983), translated from Italian, Jérôme Millon, Grenoble, 1993, p. 63-64.

External links[edit]


  1. ^ (German), Herbert Jaumann, Handbuch Gelehrtenkultur der Frühen Neuzeit (2004), p. 313; Google Books.
  2. ^ Richard Tuck (1993), Philosophy and Government (1572–1651), p. 28; Google Books.
  3. ^ J. H. Burns (editor), The Cambridge History of Political Thought 1450–1700 (1991), p. 89, pp. 234–5.
  4. ^ http://documents.univ-toulouse.fr/150BIN/PPN042891825.pdf