Pierre Louis Prieur
Pierre Louis Prieur (Prieur de la Marne) (1 August 1756 – 31 May 1827) was a French lawyer elected to the Estates-General of 1789. During the French Revolution he served as a deputy to the National Convention and held membership in the Committee of Public Safety.
Born in Sommesous (Marne), Prieur practised as a lawyer at Châlons-sur-Marne until 1789, when he was elected to the States-General. He became secretary to the National Constituent Assembly, and the violence of his attacks on the ancien régime won him the pun nickname of Crieur de la Marne ("Shouter of the Marne").
He voted for the death of King Louis XVI, and as a member of the Committees of National Defence and of Public Safety he was despatched in October 1793 to Brittany, where he established the local version of the Reign of Terror. In May 1794 he became president of the Convention. The Thermidorian Reaction drove him into hiding from May 1795 until the amnesty proclaimed in the autumn of that year.
Prieur died in Brussels in 1827.
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Prieur de la Marne". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. This, in turn, gives the following reference:
- Pierre Bliard, Le Conventional Prieur de la Marne en mission dans l'ouest 1793-1794 d'après des documents inédits (1906).