|First President of the Court of Audit|
|Assumed office |
3 June 2020
|Preceded by||Didier Migaud|
|European Commissioner for Economic and Financial Affairs, Taxation and Customs|
1 November 2014 – 30 November 2019
|Preceded by||Algirdas Šemeta|
|Succeeded by||Paolo Gentiloni|
|Minister of Finance|
16 May 2012 – 2 April 2014
|Prime Minister||Jean-Marc Ayrault|
|Preceded by||François Baroin|
|Succeeded by||Michel Sapin|
|Member of the National Assembly|
16 May 1997 – 1 November 2014
|Preceded by||Bruno Roddand|
|Succeeded by||Philpe Hollande|
|Born||16 September 1957|
|Political party||Socialist Party|
|Alma mater||Institute of Political Studies, Paris|
National School of Administration, Strasbourg
Pierre Moscovici (French pronunciation: [pjɛʁ mɔskɔvisi], Romanian: [moskoˈvitʃʲ]; born 16 September 1957) is a French politician who served as the European Commissioner for Economic and Financial Affairs, Taxation and Customs from 2014 to 2019. He previously served as Minister of Finance from 2012 to 2014 and as Minister for European Affairs between 1997 and 2002.
Previously a member of the Trotskyist group the Revolutionary Communist League, Moscovici joined the French Socialist Party (PS) in 1984 and has since that time been a member of the Departmental Council of Doubs and of the French Parliament and the European Parliament. He has been National Secretary of his party since 1995.
In May 2014 he was entrusted by the Prime Minister of France with a six-month mission to assess how European policies can better contribute to growth and employment. In July 2014 French President François Hollande proposed him to be France's representative in the next European Commission. In September 2014, he was named as European Commissioner for Economic and Financial Affairs, Taxation and Customs by President-designate of the European Commission Jean-Claude Juncker.
Early life and education
Moscovici obtained his Baccalauréat at the Lycée Condorcet in 1974, a DEA in economics and in philosophy, and he graduated from Sciences Po Paris and the École nationale d'administration – National School of Administration, where he studied under Dominique Strauss-Kahn, who became a friend and mentor in politics. He was a president of À gauche en Europe, a group founded by Strauss-Kahn and Michel Rocard and also created his own group "Besoin de Gauche".
Early political career
In 1988, he moved on to the Ministry for National Education in Minister Lionel Jospin's cabinet, first as conseiller technique, then as chargé de mission.
From 1990 to 1994, he headed the Public Service Modernisation and Financing Department at the Commissariat général du Plan – French Planning Office.
Member of the European Parliament
From 1994 to 1997, Moscovici was a Member of the European Parliament. In parliament, he served on the Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs. In addition to his committee assignments, he was part of the Parliament's delegation for relations with the countries of Central America and Mexico.
Minister delegate for European Affairs
Elected to the French Parliament from the Doubs département in 1997, he went on to become a Member of the Franche-Comté Regional Council from 1998 to 2004, and of the Doubs département General Council from 1994 to 2002.
From 1997 to 2002, Moscovici was Minister delegate for European Affairs in the government of Lionel Jospin. At the request of Chirac, he represented the French authorities at the Convention on the Future of Europe in 2002.
Member of the European Parliament
Member of the French National Assembly and Minister for Finance and Economy
From 2007 to 2012, Moscovici was a Member of the French National Assembly (4th constituency in the Doubs), serving on the Committee on Foreign Affairs, and subsequently the Finance Committee. He also served as vice-president of the Assembly's Committee on European Affairs.
He was President of the Pays de Montbéliard Agglomération (PMA – Greater Montbéliard Authority) from 2008 to 2012.
In 2011, Moscovici endorsed François Hollande and ran his successful campaign for the 2012 French presidential election. In the subsequent legislative election, Moscovici was re-elected to the National Assembly from the 4th constituency in the Doubs.
Moscovici served as a Member of the French National Assembly. In May 2014 he was entrusted by the Prime Minister of France with a six-month mission to assess how European policies can better contribute to growth and employment.
Commissioner for Economic and Financial Affairs, Taxation and Customs
In July 2014 President Francois Hollande nominated Moscovici to be France's candidate for the European Commission led by Jean-Claude Juncker. Juncker subsequently nominated Moscovici as Commissioner for Economic and Financial Affairs, Taxation and Customs.
Moscovici served as Commissioner from 2014 until 2019. In this capacity, he was in charge of the application of the Stability and Growth Pact, as well as ensuring the economic soundness of Commission proposals and deepening the Economic and Monetary Union of the European Union to create the conditions for jobs, growth and investment, and encouraging further structural reforms. On taxation matters, he was responsible for developing a value added tax system at the European level, improving the functioning of the internal market in both direct and indirect taxation and fighting tax fraud and tax evasion. His responsibilities also included the development and management of an efficient European Union Customs Union.
By 2017, Moscovici openly advocated a fully formed eurozone finance minister, and admitted that he would be interested in that position. In the meantime, the as Commissioner for Economic and Financial Affairs, Taxation and Customs should also assume the presidency of the Eurogroup.
In a 2018 letter to Sergei Stanishev, then chairman of the Party of European Socialists (PES), Moscovici ruled himself out of the race to succeed Jean-Claude Juncker and become the Commission's next president, “due to profound disagreements with [the French Socialist Party’s] political line and strategy on Europe.”
Wiretapping by NSA
- Minister of Economy and Finances, June 2012 – April 2014
- Minister of Economy, Finances, and Foreign Trade, May 2012 – June 2012
- Minister of European Affairs, 1997–2002.
- Member of European Parliament, 1994–1997 (elected in the National Assembly of France in 1997, and became minister) 2004–2007 (Resignation, re-elected member of the National Assembly of France in 2007). Elected in 1994, re-elected in 2004.
National Assembly of France
- Member of the National Assembly of France for Doubs, elected in 1997, but became minister in June) 2007–2012 (became minister in May).[clarification needed] Elected in 1997, re-elected in 2007, 2012.
- Regional councillor of Franche-Comté, 1998–2004.
- General councillor of Doubs, 1994–2001.
- Municipal councillor of Valentigney, 2008–2014.
- Municipal councillor of Montbéliard, 1995–2008. Re-elected in 2001.
Agglomeration community Council
- President of the Agglomeration community of the Pays de Montbéliard, 2008–2012 (resignation).
- Member of the Agglomeration community of the Pays de Montbéliard, 2008–2014.
"We sincerely hope that Greece remains in the eurozone", Moscovici said.
- Mérand, Frédéric (2021). The Political Commissioner: A European Ethnography. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-264624-8.
- "Google Translate".
- "Pierre MOSCOVICI".
- Pierre Moscovici European Parliament.
- "DECRET du 4 JUIN 1997 RELATIF A LA COMPOSITION DU GOUVERNEMENT – Legifrance".
- Simon Coss (July 3, 2002), Moscovici fights to keep Convention seat European Voice.
- James Kanter (December 17, 2014), Pierre Moscovici Embodies a Softer Approach to Europe’s Recovery New York Times.
- "Composition du Gouvernement – Le Gouvernement et les Institutions". Gouvernement.fr.
- "Profile: Hollande's government for France". BBC News. 17 May 2012.
- Le Point, magazine (6 May 2014). "En bonne place pour Bruxelles, Moscovici hérite d'une mission parlementaire". Le Point.
- Ingrid Melander and Emmanuel Jarry (30 July 2014). "Moscovici says confident will have important economic role in EU Commission". Reuters.
- Toby Vogel (July 29, 2014), Moscovici named as France’s European commissioner Politico Europe.
- "European Commission President Juncker's Mission Letter to Pierre Moscovici" (PDF). European Commission.
- Ryan Heath (June 14, 2017), Pierre Moscovici: Finance commissioner should also run Eurogroup Politico Europe.
- Bjarke Smith-Meyer (October 4, 2018), Pierre Moscovici rules out Commission presidency Politico Europe.
- Leila Abboud and Gregory Blanchier (June 30, 2015) NSA wiretapped two French finance ministers: Wikileaks Reuters.
- Don't violate the bailout deal, Europe Online Magazine, 4 May 2012
Media related to Pierre Moscovici at Wikimedia Commons