Pierre de Ruel, marquis de Beurnonville

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Pierre Riel de Beurnonville)
Jump to: navigation, search
Pierre de Ruel, marquis de Beurnonville
Felicite-Louise-Julie-Constance de Durfort, by Merry-Joseph Blondel, second wife to Pierre de Ruel.

Pierre de Ruel, marquis de Beurnonville (10 May 1752 – 23 April 1821) was a French general during the French Revolutionary Wars and later a marshal of France[1] and Deputy Grand Master of Grand Orient de France.[2][3]


Bournonville was born at Champignol-lez-Mondeville, Aube.[citation needed]

After service in the colonies, he married a wealthy Creole, Geneviève Gillot L'Étang. After his return to France, he purchased the post of lieutenant of the Swiss Guard of the count of Provence.[1]

During the French Revolution he was named lieutenant-general, and took an active part in the battles of Valmy and Jemmapes.[4] Minister of War in February 1793, he denounced his old commander, Charles François Dumouriez, to the Convention, and was one of the four deputies sent to watch him.[1]

Handed over by Dumouriez to the Austrians on 3 April 1793, Beurnonville was not exchanged until November 1795. He entered the service again, commanded the Army of Sambre-et-Meuse and Army of the North, and was appointed inspector of infantry of the Army of England in 1798. He was sent as ambassador to Berlin in 1800, and to Madrid in 1802.[1]

Napoleon made him a senator and count of the empire. In 1814 he was a member of the provisional government organized after the abdication of Napoleon. He followed Louis XVIII to exile in Ghent, and after the second restoration was made marquis and marshal of France (1816).[1]


  1. ^ a b c d e Chisholm 1911, p. 834.
  2. ^ Jean-Claude Rochigneux, Maçons d'hier, maçonnerie d'aujourd'hui, Humanisme, Conform éditions, 2003, p. 39.
  3. ^ Dictionnaire de la Franc-maçonnerie, page 138 (Daniel Ligou, Presses universitaires de France, 2006)
  4. ^ Smith 1998, p. 30.
Dumouriez arresting the Commissioners in 1793


Political offices
Preceded by
Jean-Nicolas Pache
French Minister of War
4 February 1793 – 1 April 1793
Succeeded by
Pierre Henri Hélène Marie Lebrun-Tondu
Military offices
Preceded by
Étienne Deprez-Crassier
Commander-in-chief of the Army of the Moselle
15 November 1792 – 23 January 1793
Succeeded by
René Charles de Ligniville
Preceded by
Joseph Souham
Commander-in-chief of the Army of the North
4 April – 15 September 1796
Succeeded by
Jean François Aimé Dejean
Preceded by
Jean-Baptiste Jourdan
Commander-in-chief of the Army of Sambre-et-Meuse
23 September 1796 – 23 January 1797
Succeeded by
Jean Étienne Championnet
Preceded by
Jean François Aimé Dejean
Commander-in-chief of the Army of the North
25 September 1797 – 2 January 1798
Succeeded by
Jacques MacDonald

Source: Clerget, Charles (1905). Tableaux des Armées Françaises pendant les Guerres de la Révolution. Paris: Librarie Militaire R. Chapelot et Cie. Retrieved 3 July 2015.