Pierre de Castelnau
|Blessed Pierre de Castelnau|
|Born||Diocese of Montpellier, France|
15 January 1208|
Rhône valley, Provence, France
by Pope Innocent III
Pierre de Castelnau (? - died 15 January 1208), French ecclesiastic, was born in the diocese of Montpellier.
He was archdeacon of Maguelonne, and in 1199 was appointed by Pope Innocent III as one of the legates for the suppression of the Cathar heresy in Languedoc. In 1202, he became a Cistercian monk at the abbey of Fontfroide, Narbonne, and was confirmed as Apostolic legate and first inquisitor, first in Toulouse, and afterwards at Viviers and Montpellier.
In 1207 he was in the Rhone valley and in Provence, where he became involved in the strife between the count of Baux and Raymond VI, Count of Toulouse. Castelnau was assassinated on 14 January 1208, quite possibly by an agent of Raymond. His murder was the immediate cause of Raymond's excommunication and the start of the Albigensian Crusade.
- Sumption 1978, p. 68.
- Obrecht, Edmond. "Blessed Pierre de Castelnau." The Catholic Encyclopedia Vol. 12. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1911. 29 February 2016
- Sumption 1978, p. 15.
- Sumption 1978, p. 77.
- Graham-Leigh, Elaine. The Southern French Nobility and the Albigensian Crusade. Woodbridge: The Boydell Press, 2005. ISBN 1-84383-129-5
- Sumption, Jonathan (1978). The Albigensian Crusade. Faber and Faber.
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Pierre de Castelnau". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
- Herbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "Blessed Pierre de Castelnau". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company.