27 October 1944 |
|Known for||Garden design|
Piet Oudolf (Dutch pronunciation: [ˌpit ˈʌu̯dɔlf]; born 27 October 1944) is an influential Dutch garden designer, nurseryman and author. He is a leading figure of the "New Perennial" movement, using bold drifts of herbaceous perennials and grasses which are chosen at least as much for their structure as for their flower colour.
Working primarily with perennial plant varieties, Oudolf practices a naturalistic approach to gardening. Taking a cue from architectural design, Oudolf prioritizes the seasonal life cycle of a plant over decorative considerations like flower or colour. He focuses primarily on structural characteristics, such as leaf or seed pod shape, present before and after a plant has flowered. He explains: "A garden is exciting for me when it looks good through the year, not just at one particular time. I want to go outside and for it to be interesting in all weather, in early spring and late autumn."
The stability of perennials after planting are key to Oudolf's designs. Unlike self-seeding or bulb-based plants that spread and require division each season, perennials remain in established formations. The result are gardens that persist in their planned state years after being planted with little deviation from Oudolf's hand drawn maps.
Oudolf's overall approach to planting has evolved since the 1980s when he and his wife Anja opened their nursery, Hummelo, in Gelderland. His early work with perennials consisted of block-type groupings based on structure and texture. More recently Oudolf's gardens mirror a 'perennial meadow', using and blending plants in a manner that occurs in natural landscapes. The change in style has been described as a shift from a painter's perspective to one informed by ecology. It was first introduced into Oudolf's public work in 2004 as part of the Lurie Garden in Chicago.
- Vlinderhof (Leidsche Rijn, Netherlands, 2014)
- Hauser & Wirth (Bruton Somerset, England, 2013)
- Serpentine Gallery, interior garden (London, England, 2011 with Peter Zumthor)
- High Line (New York City, 2006)
- Toronto Botanical Garden Entry Garden Walk (Toronto, 2006)
- Battery Park (New York City, 2003)
- Lurie Garden, Millennium Park (Chicago, 2003 with Kathryn Gustafson)
- Scampston Hall (England, 2002-2003)
- ABN Amro Bank (Netherlands, 2000)
- Hoogeland (Netherlands, 2001)
- Millennium Garden at Pensthorpe Nature Reserve
- Country Cork Garden, Republic of Ireland
- Parts of Kurpark Bad Driburg, Germany
- Municipal park of Enköping, Sweden.
His own garden, at Hummelo, near Arnhem in the Netherlands was established in 1982. It has gone through many changes which reflect Oudolf's constantly developing planting design. Initially it was designed with a series of yew (Taxus baccata) hedges and blocks, reflecting Oudolf's architectural style which owed much to Mien Ruys, the designer who dominated Dutch garden design in the post-war period.
High Line (2006)
Oudolf's work on the High Line relied heavily on plants native to the region. A matrix of grasses with perennials grouped throughout was used to convey how the plants grow and intermingle in the wild.
His books include:
- Gardening With Grasses (1998) with Michael King and Beth Chatto
- Designing With Plants (1999) with Noel Kingsbury
- Dream Plants for the Natural Garden (2000, More Dream Plants) with Henk Gerritsen
- Planting the Natural Garden (2003) with Henk Gerritsen
- Planting Design: Gardens in Time and Space (2005) with Noel Kingsbury
- Landscapes in Landscapes (2011) with Noel Kingsbury
- Planting: A New Perspective (2013) with Noel Kingsbury
- Hummelo: A Journey Through a Plantsman's Life (2015) with Noel Kingsbury
- Veitch Memorial Medal (2002)
- New York City Public Design Commission Award for Excellence (2004)
- Swedish Park commissioners' Dalecarlica Award (2009)
- Association of Professional Landscape Designers Award of Distinction (2010)
- Patel, Riya (23 February 2015). "Piet Oufolf". Icon. Retrieved 22 May 2016.
- Sorin, Fran (20 September 2011). "Piet Oudolf – Rhythms of Nature: Where Ecology Meets Design". ecology.com. Ecology Today. Retrieved 22 May 2016.
- "Naturalized perennial and bulb combinations offer elegant alternatives". American Nurseryman. 206 (1): 34. July 2007.
Oudolf likes to use the architecture, i.e, size, shape, color and texture, of plants to build the bones of a garden. He often opts for plants with interesting berries or seedpods, believing that plants should look good in more than one season, which is why a classic Oudolf garden looks as interesting in the winter as it does in the summer.
- "Piet Oudolf at home in the garden". The English Garden. 3 February 2015. Retrieved 22 May 2016.
- Pearson, Dan (7 April 2013). "Growing Wild". The Observer. Retrieved 24 May 2016.
- Stuart-Smith, Tom (4 May 2013). "Dutch master: the garden design genius of Piet Oudolf". The Telegraph. Retrieved 23 May 2016.
- Kingsbury, Noel. "Piet Oudolf's Next Wave". gardendesign.com. Garden Design Magazine. Retrieved 23 May 2016.
- "About the Vlinderhof". vlinderhof.com. Retrieved 23 May 2016.
- "Garden". Hauser & Wirth Somerset. Retrieved 23 May 2016.
- Fortnam, Joanna (29 June 2011). "Piet Oudolf's garden at the Serpentine Gallery pavilion". The Telegraph. Retrieved 24 May 2016.
- "Entry Garden Walk". Toronto Botanical Garden. Retrieved 23 May 2016.
- Kingsbury, Noel (10 April 2013). "A Wilder Way". New York Times. T Magazine. Retrieved 23 May 2016.
- Planting: A New Perspective, Timber Press. Retrieved 24 July 2016.
- "Twenty-Second Annual Awards for Excellence in Design, July 12, 2004". NYC. NYC Design. Retrieved 7 June 2016.
- Bakker, Michael (29 June 2013). "Piet Oudolf: New Perennials Legend". tuinenstruinen.org. Retrieved 7 June 2016.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Gardens of Piet Oudolf.|
- Piet Oudolf, official website