Piet Retief, Mpumalanga

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Piet Retief
Typical colonial building in central Piet Retief
Typical colonial building in central Piet Retief
Piet Retief is located in Mpumalanga
Piet Retief
Piet Retief
Piet Retief is located in South Africa
Piet Retief
Piet Retief
Coordinates: 27°0′S 30°48′E / 27.000°S 30.800°E / -27.000; 30.800Coordinates: 27°0′S 30°48′E / 27.000°S 30.800°E / -27.000; 30.800
CountrySouth Africa
ProvinceMpumalanga
DistrictGert Sibande
MunicipalityMkhondo
Established1882
Area
 • Total66.00 km2 (25.48 sq mi)
Elevation
1,251 m (4,104 ft)
Population
(2011)[1]
 • Total57,428
 • Density870/km2 (2,300/sq mi)
Racial makeup (2011)
 • Black African88.2%
 • Coloured1.3%
 • Indian/Asian2.1%
 • White8.0%
 • Other0.4%
First languages (2011)
 • Zulu82.8%
 • Afrikaans7.8%
 • English5.0%
 • Other4.4%
Time zoneUTC+2 (SAST)
Postal code (street)
2380
PO box
2380
Area code017

Piet Retief is a town situated in a timber-growing region in Mpumalanga province, South Africa. It is the seat of the Mkhondo Local Municipality. It is located not far from the Swaziland border.

History[edit]

The town was founded by the Voortrekkers in 1883 and named it after the Voortrekker leader, Piet Retief, who was killed by the Zulus under their King Dingane's orders, after a negotiation for land failed.

In 1886, the inhabitants of the town declared the Klein Vrystaat (Little Free State), which contained a population of only 72. This republic existed until 1891, when it was incorporated into the South African Republic.

The town became a municipality in 1932. Its main tourist attraction is the Dutch Reformed Church that was designed by the architect Gerard Moerdijk and built in 1921.

Climate and economy[edit]

The area has an annual rainfall of 1000 mm. Its main economic activities are timber, paper and wattle bark production as well as mica, kaolin and iron mining.

Name change[edit]

On 2 February 2010, South African Arts and Culture minister Lulu Xingwana approved a state decision for Piet Retief to be renamed to eMkhondo.[2] Like many other post-apartheid name changes in South Africa, the incident remains controversial. Most residents are uncertain what the new name means, and have argued that "Piet Retief" did not evoke widespread public offence, as did Verwoerdburg. Prominent Afrikaner groups, including the Freedom Front Plus, have promised to contest the change.

People[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Main Place Piet Retief". Census 2011.
  2. ^ http://www.mg.co.za/article/2010-02-02-xingwana-approves-28-geographical-name-changes

External links[edit]