Pieter Corneliszoon Hooft
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Pieter Corneliszoon Hooft (16 March 1581 – 21 May 1647) - Knight in the Order of Saint Michael - was a Dutch historian, poet and playwright who lived during the Dutch Golden Age in literature.
Pieter Corneliszoon Hooft, often abbreviated to P.C. Hooft, was born in Amsterdam as the son of the town's mayor, Cornelis Hooft. Hooft was also uncle to Cornelis and Andries de Graeff.
In 1598, in preparation for his career as a merchant, his father sent him to France and Italy, but Pieter Corneliszoon Hooft was more interested in art and was deeply impressed by the Italian renaissance.
In 1609, he was appointed bailiff of Muiden and the Gooiland. He founded the Muiderkring, a literary society located at his home, the Muiderslot, the castle of Muiden, in which he got to live due to his appointment as sheriff of Muiden. Among the members were the poets and playwrights Constantijn Huygens, Maria Tesselschade, G.A. Bredero and Joost van den Vondel, as well as the Portuguese singer Francisca Duarte. Hooft, Bredero, and Vondel were also founders of the First Nederduytsche Academy.
Hooft was a prolific writer of plays, poems and letters, but from 1618 onwards he concentrated on writing a history of the Netherlands (Nederduytsche Historiën), inspired by Roman historian Tacitus. His focus was primarily on the Eighty Years' War between the Netherlands and Spain and though he tried to be as impartial as possible, he did succeed.
As a poet, he was influenced by his Renaissance contemporaries in France and Italy.
- Geeraerdt van Velsen ( 1613)
- Achilles en Polyxena (1614)
- Theseus en Ariane (1614)
- Granida (1615)
- Warenar (1616)
- Baeto, oft oorsprong der Holanderen (1626)
- Emblemata amatoria: afbeeldingen van minne (1611)
- Nederduytsche Historiën (1642-1656)
In present-day Amsterdam, Pieter Corneliszoon Hooft gives his name to P.C. Hooftstraat, the city's main destination for expensive designer clothes shopping. The south-western end of P. C. Hooftstraat runs into the city's main park, the Vondelpark, named for his friend Joost van den Vondel (see Life above). In many other Dutch cities, there are other streets named after Hooft, many of them also called P. C. Hooftstraat or Pieter C. Hooftstraat.
In 1947, 300 years after P.C. Hooft died in The Hague, a literary prize in his name was instituted by the Dutch government. An independent foundation annually awards the prize. Initially it was awarded for specific works, but in recent years it is awarded based on the entire collection of a writer.
Sculpture of P.C. Hooft in the castle Muiderslot
Gable stone of P.C. Hooft above his former house.Eduard Colinet, 1881
- ^ Dautzenberg. J. Nederlandse literatuur, geschiedenis, bloemlezing en theorie tot 1916. Den Bosch: Malmberg, p. 83-88
- Works of Hooft in the Laurens Janszoon Coster project (Dutch)
- P.C. Hooft (1581-1647) - pictures of P.C. Hooft
- Works by Pieter Corneliszoon Hooft at Project Gutenberg
- Works by or about Pieter Corneliszoon Hooft at Internet Archive
- Works by Pieter Corneliszoon Hooft at LibriVox (public domain audiobooks)