Pieter Hendrik "Peter" Kooijmans (Dutch pronunciation: [ˈpitər ˈɦɛndrɪk ˈpeːtər ˈkoːimɑns]; 6 July 1933 – 13 February 2013) was a Dutch politician, jurist, and diplomat. He was of the defunct Anti-Revolutionary Party (ARP), which later merged into the Christian Democratic Appeal (CDA) party. From 1993 to 1994, he served as Foreign Minister of the Netherlands, succeeding Hans van den Broek. In 1995, he returned to his former position as Professor of Public International Law at the University of Leiden, serving until his appointment to the International Court of Justice. He was granted the honorary title of Minister of State on 13 July 2007.
Early life and education
Pieter Hendrik Kooijmans was born on 6 July 1933 in Heemstede in the Netherlands. His father was Johannes Kooijmans, an engineer and a member of the municipal council of Heemstede, and his mother was Alida Jonker.
Kooijmans studied at the Free University Amsterdam from July 1951, majoring in Economics and Law, obtaining an Bachelor of Economics degree in June 1953 and an Bachelor of Laws degree in July 1954. He then worked as a student researcher before graduating with an Master of Economics degree in June 1957 and an Master of Laws degree in July 1958. Kooijmans worked as a researcher at the Free University Amsterdam from July 1958 until January 1960, and then as an associate professor of International law there from 1 January 1960 until 20 February 1964, when he earned a doctorate as an Doctor of Law in Constitutional law.
In 1951, he started his studies economics and Dutch law at the Free University in Amsterdam. He received his candidate degree in economics (Bachelor of Economics) in 1955 and his master's degree in law (Master of Law) cum laude in 1957. He obtained his doctorate in constitutional law (Doctor of Law) with his dissertation The doctrine of the legal equality of states; an inquiry into the foundations of international law at the Free University in 1964.
Academic and political career
Following graduation, he joined the University's faculty as Professor of Public International Law and European Law, from 20 February 1964 until 11 May 1973. In 1976 and again in 1991, he served as a lecturer at the Hague Academy of International Law. From 1978 to 1992, he served as a Professor of Public International Law at the University of Leiden.
He served in the Dutch Foreign Ministry as State Secretary for Foreign Affairs from 1973 to 1977. After the election of 1972 Kooijmans was appointed as State Secretary for Foreign Affairs in the Cabinet Den Uyl until 19 December 1977. The Cabinet Den Uyl fell on 22 March 1977 after four years of tensions in the coalition and continued to serve in a demissionary capacity. In May 1977 Kooijmans announced that he wouldn't stand for the election of 1977. Following the cabinet formation of 1977 Kooijmans was not giving a cabinet post in the new cabinet, the Cabinet Den Uyl was replaced by the Cabinet Van Agt–Wiegel on 19 December 1977.
Kooijmans semi-retired from national politics and became active in the public sector and served as a professor of International law and International relations at the Leiden University from 10 January 1978 until 20 December 1992 and served as a professor of International law and International relations at The Hague Academy of International Law from 1 August 1979 until 1 November 1989. Kooijmans also served as an diplomat on behalf of the United Nations as a special rapporteur on Human rights and Torture.
Kooijmans was appointed as Minister of Foreign Affairs in the Cabinet Lubbers III following the appointment of Hans van den Broek as the European Commissioner, taking office on 3 January 1993. In September 1993 Kooijmans announced that he would not stand for the election of 1994. The Cabinet Cabinet Lubbers III was replaced by the Cabinet Kok I on 22 August 1994.
|Knight of the Order of the Netherlands Lion||Netherlands||11 April 1978|
|Commander of the Order of Orange-Nassau||Netherlands||8 October 1994|
|Knight of the Order of the Gold Lion of the House of Nassau||Netherlands||20 March 2006|
|Grand Cross of the Order of Merit||Germany||1 July 2007|
|Minister of State||Netherlands||13 July 2007||Style of Excellency|
- "Special Rapporteur on torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment". Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights. Retrieved 2010-11-06.
- "Dr. P.H. (Peter) Kooijmans". Parlement & Politiek (in Dutch). Leiden University. Retrieved 15 April 2015.
- "Oud-minister Kooijmans overleden". Retrieved 2013-02-13.
- "Faculteit start onderzoeksinstituut recht en maatschappij". Retrieved 2014-02-06.
- "Former Secretary-General of NATO to be appointed professor". Leiden University. 1 September 2009.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Pieter Kooijmans.|
- (in Dutch) Mr.Dr. P.H. (Peter) Kooijmans Parlement & Politiek
| State Secretary for
Laurens Jan Brinkhorst
Durk van der Mei
Hans van den Broek
| Minister of Foreign Affairs
Hans van Mierlo
Luigi Ferrari Bravo
| Judge of the International
Court of Justice
| Pieter Kooijmans Chair for Peace,
Law and Security of the
Jaap de Hoop Scheffer