Pieter Hendrik "Peter" Kooijmans (Dutch pronunciation: [ˈpitər ˈɦɛndrɪk ˈpeːtər ˈkoːimɑns]; 6 July 1933 – 13 February 2013) was a Dutch politician and diplomat of the Christian Democratic Appeal (CDA).
He was a member of the Anti-Revolutionary Party and later a member of its successor party the Christian Democratic Appeal. He was State Secretary and later Minister of Foreign Affairs (1973–1977 and 1993–1994). In between these periods of office he worked for the UN as the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Torture, (1985–1993). He served as a Judge on the International Court of Justice (1997–2006).
Early life and education
Pieter Hendrik Kooijmans was born on 6 July 1933 in Heemstede in the Netherlands. His father was Johannes Kooijmans, an engineer and a member of the municipal council of Heemstede, and his mother was Alida Jonker.
Kooijmans went to the secondary school Eerste Christelijk Lyceum in Haarlem, where he followed the gymnasium program in humanities. In 1951, he started his studies economics and Dutch law at the Free University in Amsterdam. He received his candidate degree in economics (Bachelor of Economics) in 1955 and his master's degree in law (Master of Law) cum laude in 1957. He obtained his doctorate in constitutional law (Doctor of Law) with his dissertation The doctrine of the legal equality of states; an inquiry into the foundations of international law at the Free University in 1964.
Academic and political career
Following graduation, he joined the University's faculty as Professor of Public International Law and European Law, serving from 1965 to 1973.
He joined the Dutch Foreign Ministry, as State Secretary for Foreign Affairs from 1973 to 1977. In 1976 and again in 1991, he served as a Lecturer at the Hague Academy of International Law. From 1978 to 1992, he served as a Professor of Public International Law at the University of Leiden. From 1993 to 1994, he served as Foreign Minister of the Netherlands, succeeding Hans van den Broek. In 1995, he returned to his former position as Professor of Public International Law at the University of Leiden, serving until his appointment to the International Court of Justice.
|Knight of the Order of the Netherlands Lion||Netherlands||11 April 1978|
|Commander of the Order of Orange-Nassau||Netherlands||8 October 1994|
|Knight of the Order of the Gold Lion of the House of Nassau||Netherlands||20 March 2006|
|Grand Cross of the Order of Merit||Germany||1 July 2007|
|Minister of State||Netherlands||13 July 2007||Style of Excellency|
- "Special Rapporteur on torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment". Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights. Retrieved 2010-11-06.
- "Dr. P.H. (Peter) Kooijmans". Parlement & Politiek (in Dutch). Leiden University. Retrieved 15 April 2015.
- "Oud-minister Kooijmans overleden". Retrieved 2013-02-13.
- "Faculteit start onderzoeksinstituut recht en maatschappij". Retrieved 2014-02-06.
- "Former Secretary-General of NATO to be appointed professor". Leiden University. 1 September 2009.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Pieter Kooijmans.|
| State Secretary for
Laurens Jan Brinkhorst
Durk van der Mei
Hans van den Broek
| Minister of Foreign Affairs
Hans van Mierlo
Luigi Ferrari Bravo
| Judge of the International
Court of Justice
| Pieter Kooijmans Chair for Peace,
Law and Security of the
Jaap de Hoop Scheffer