Pieter Kooijmans

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Pieter Kooijmans
Peter Kooijmans.jpg
Pieter Kooijmans in 2005
Judge of the International
Court of Justice
In office
1 March 1997 – 1 March 2006
Preceded byLuigi Ferrari Bravo
Succeeded byKenneth Keith
Minister of Foreign Affairs
In office
3 January 1993 – 22 August 1994
Prime MinisterRuud Lubbers
Preceded byHans van den Broek
Succeeded byHans van Mierlo
State Secretary for Foreign Affairs
In office
11 May 1973 – 19 December 1977
Prime MinisterJoop den Uyl
Preceded byTjerk Westerterp
Succeeded byDurk van der Mei
Personal details
Born
Pieter Hendrik Kooijmans

(1933-07-06)6 July 1933
Heemstede, Netherlands
Died13 February 2013(2013-02-13) (aged 79)
Wassenaar, Netherlands
NationalityDutch
Political partyChristian Democratic Appeal
(from 1980)
Other political
affiliations
Anti-Revolutionary Party
(until 1980)
Children4 children
Alma materVrije Universiteit Amsterdam
(Bachelor of Economics, Bachelor of Laws, Master of Economics, Master of Laws, Doctor of Law)
OccupationPolitician · Diplomat · Jurist · Judge · Researcher · Academic administrator · Author · Professor

Pieter Hendrik "Peter" Kooijmans (Dutch pronunciation: [ˈpitər ˈɦɛndrɪk ˈpeːtər ˈkoːimɑns]; 6 July 1933 – 13 February 2013) was a Dutch politician and diplomat of the defunct Anti-Revolutionary Party (ARP) now merged into the Christian Democratic Appeal (CDA) party and jurist. He was granted the honorary title of Minister of State on 13 July 2007.[1]

Kooijmans applied at the Free University Amsterdam in July 1951 majoring in Economics and Law and obtaining an Bachelor of Economics degree in June 1953 and an Bachelor of Laws degree in July 1954 and worked as a student researcher before graduating with an Master of Economics degree in June 1957 and an Master of Laws degree in July 1958. Kooijmans worked as a researcher at the Free University Amsterdam from July 1958 until January 1960 and as an associate professor of International law at the Free University Amsterdam from 1 January 1960 until 20 February 1964 when got a doctorate as an Doctor of Law in Constitutional law. Kooijmans worked as a professor of International law and European Union at the Free University Amsterdam from 20 February 1964 until 11 May 1973. After the election of 1972 Kooijmans was appointed as State Secretary for Foreign Affairs in the Cabinet Den Uyl, taking office on 19 December 1977. The Cabinet Den Uyl fell on 22 March 1977 after four years of tensions in the coalition and continued to serve in a demissionary capacity. In May 1977 Kooijmans announced that he wouldn't stand for the election of 1977. Following the cabinet formation of 1977 Kooijmans was not giving a cabinet post in the new cabinet, the Cabinet Den Uyl was replaced by the Cabinet Van Agt–Wiegel on 19 December 1977.

Kooijmans semi-retired from national politics and became active in the public sector and served as a professor of International law and International relations at the Leiden University from 10 January 1978 until 20 December 1992 and served as a professor of International law and International relations at The Hague Academy of International Law from 1 August 1979 until 1 November 1989. Kooijmans also served as an diplomat on behalf of the United Nations as an special rapporteur on Human rights and Torture. Kooijmans was appointed as Minister of Foreign Affairs in the Cabinet Lubbers III following the appointment of Hans van den Broek as the European Commissioner, taking office on 3 January 1993. In September 1993 Kooijmans announced that he wouldn't stand for the election of 1994. The Cabinet Cabinet Lubbers III was replaced by the Cabinet Kok I on 22 August 1994. He served as a Judge on the International Court of Justice (1997–2006).[2]

Early life and education[edit]

Pieter Hendrik Kooijmans was born on 6 July 1933 in Heemstede in the Netherlands. His father was Johannes Kooijmans, an engineer and a member of the municipal council of Heemstede, and his mother was Alida Jonker.[3]

Kooijmans went to the secondary school Eerste Christelijk Lyceum in Haarlem, where he followed the gymnasium program in humanities. In 1951, he started his studies economics and Dutch law at the Free University in Amsterdam. He received his candidate degree in economics (Bachelor of Economics) in 1955 and his master's degree in law (Master of Law) cum laude in 1957. He obtained his doctorate in constitutional law (Doctor of Law) with his dissertation The doctrine of the legal equality of states; an inquiry into the foundations of international law at the Free University in 1964.[3]

Academic and political career[edit]

Following graduation, he joined the University's faculty as Professor of Public International Law and European Law, serving from 1965 to 1973.

He joined the Dutch Foreign Ministry, as State Secretary for Foreign Affairs from 1973 to 1977. In 1976 and again in 1991, he served as a lecturer at the Hague Academy of International Law. From 1978 to 1992, he served as a Professor of Public International Law at the University of Leiden. From 1993 to 1994, he served as Foreign Minister of the Netherlands, succeeding Hans van den Broek. In 1995, he returned to his former position as Professor of Public International Law at the University of Leiden, serving until his appointment to the International Court of Justice.

On 5 February 2014, Kooijmans' alma mater, the Vrije Universiteit started the Kooijmans institute.[4][5]

Decorations[edit]

Honours
Ribbon bar Honour Country Date Comment
NLD Order of the Dutch Lion - Knight BAR.png Knight of the Order of the Netherlands Lion Netherlands 11 April 1978
NLD Order of Orange-Nassau - Commander BAR.png Commander of the Order of Orange-Nassau Netherlands 8 October 1994
Ordre du Lion d'Or de la Maison de Nassau ribbon.svg Knight of the Order of the Gold Lion of the House of Nassau Netherlands 20 March 2006
GER Bundesverdienstkreuz 7 Grosskreuz.svg Grand Cross of the Order of Merit Germany 1 July 2007
Honorific Titles
Ribbon bar Honour Country Date Comment
Flag of the Netherlands.svg Minister of State Netherlands 13 July 2007 Style of Excellency

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Special Rapporteur on torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment". Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights. Retrieved 2010-11-06.
  2. ^ "Oud-minister Kooijmans overleden". Retrieved 2013-02-13.
  3. ^ a b "Dr. P.H. (Peter) Kooijmans". Parlement & Politiek (in Dutch). Leiden University. Retrieved 15 April 2015.
  4. ^ "Faculteit start onderzoeksinstituut recht en maatschappij". Retrieved 2014-02-06.
  5. ^ "Former Secretary-General of NATO to be appointed professor". Leiden University. 1 September 2009.

External links[edit]

Official
Political offices
Preceded by
Tjerk Westerterp
State Secretary for
Foreign Affairs

1973–1977
Served alongside:
Laurens Jan Brinkhorst
Succeeded by
Durk van der Mei
Preceded by
Hans van den Broek
Minister of Foreign Affairs
1993–1994
Succeeded by
Hans van Mierlo
Legal offices
Preceded by
Luigi Ferrari Bravo
Judge of the International
Court of Justice

1997–2006
Succeeded by
Kenneth Keith
Academic offices
Preceded by
Office established
Pieter Kooijmans Chair for Peace,
Law and Security of the
Leiden University

2009–2013
Succeeded by
Jaap de Hoop Scheffer