Pietro Grasso

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Senator
Pietro Grasso
Pietro Grasso - Festa Unità Roma 2012.JPG
President of the Senate of the Republic
In office
16 March 2013 – 22 March 2018
Preceded by Renato Schifani
Succeeded by Maria Elisabetta Alberti Casellati
Leader of Free and Equal
Assumed office
3 December 2017
Preceded by Office established
Member of the Senate of the Republic
Assumed office
15 March 2013
Constituency Lazio
Head of the National Antimafia Directorate
In office
11 October 2005 – 27 December 2012
Preceded by Pierluigi Vigna
Succeeded by Giusto Sciacchitano
Personal details
Born (1945-01-01) 1 January 1945 (age 73)
Licata, Kingdom of Italy
Nationality Italian
Political party Democratic Party
(2013–2017)
Free and Equal
(2017–present)
Spouse(s) Maria Fedele (1970–present)
Children 1 son
Alma mater University of Palermo
Signature

Pietro Grasso (Italian pronunciation: [ˈpjɛːtro ˈɡrasso]; born 1 January 1945), also known as Piero Grasso, is an Italian anti-mafia magistrate and politician who served as President of the Senate from 2013 to 2018.[1] Grasso became the Acting President of Italy on 14 January 2015, upon the resignation of Giorgio Napolitano. He was President until the swearing in of Sergio Mattarella on 3 February. On 3 December 2017, Grasso was elected Leader of Free and Equal (Liberi e Uguali, LeU), a new left-wing coalition composed by Democratic and Progressive Movement, Italian Left and Possible.[2][3]

Judicial career[edit]

Maxiprocesso[edit]

In 1984 he was appointed associate judge in the first maxiprocesso (a portmanteau of the Italian words for maximum and trial) of the Sicilian Mafia (10 February 1986 – 10 December 1987), with 475 defendants. Pietro Grasso, next to the presiding judge Alfonso Giordano, was author of the judgment (over 8,000 pages) that inflicted 19 life sentences and more than 2,600 years in prison.

At the end of the maxiprocesso, Grasso was appointed consultant to the Anti-Mafia Commission, at the head of Gerardo Chiaromonte first and then by Luciano Violante. In 1991 he was appointed adviser to the criminal affairs department of the Ministry of Justice, whose minister was Claudio Martelli, whom he named Giovanni Falcone, and member of the Central Commission for the repentant.

He was then replaced in his role, until he was appointed deputy prosecutor at the National Anti-Mafia Directorate (led by Pier Luigi Vigna), applied in the Procure of Palermo and Florence, where he supervised and coordinated the investigations on the massacres of 1992 and 1993.

In Palermo by the Public Prosecutor in August 1999, under his direction, from 2000 to 2004, 1,779 people were arrested for crimes of mafia fugitives and 13, which were included in the 30 most dangerous. During the same period, the prosecutor of Palermo scored 380 life sentences and hundreds of sentences about a total of thousands of years in prison.

Head of the National Antimafia Directorate[edit]

On 11 October 2005 he was appointed national Antimafia prosecutor, succeeding Pierluigi Vigna, who left office in August 2005 having reached the retirement age, while he was still head of the prosecutor of Palermo.

His appointment was at the center of bitter controversy in judicial and political, as it was very likely the appointment of the Prosecutor at the Court of Palermo Gian Carlo Caselli. However, the Berlusconi III Cabinet, in the person of Senator Luigi Bobbio (National Alliance), introduced an amendment to the delegation of the reform of the judicial system (the so-called "Reform Castelli"). According to the wording of the amendment, Caselli could no longer be appointed national anti-Mafia prosecutor for exceeding the age limit. The Constitutional Court, following the appointment of Peter Grasso as a new national anti-Mafia prosecutor, declared illegal the decision that the judge had ruled Gian Carlo Caselli from the competition.

On 11 April 2006 help with his work, after years of investigation, the capture of Bernardo Provenzano on the farm, Montagna dei cavalli in Corleone, hiding from 9 May 1963. On 18 September 2006 the District Anti-Mafia Directorate of Catanzaro, with support from the National Prosecution led by national prosecutor Grasso, concludes a two-year on the action of certain mafias of Vibo Valentia, who had put his hands on his holiday parks the coast. The gangs in question are The Rose of Tropea and that of Mancuso Limbadi that ricavavano huge profits from the control of contracts for the construction and supply of holiday villages in the area of Catanzaro. Operation Odyssey ends with 41 cases of custody.

The natural expiration of the first term to the DNA was confirmed by the Supreme Judicial Council for a second term, this time without any controversy and consensus.

From September 2012 to Rai History in 12 episodes Pietro Grasso leads "Lessons Mafia", a project of legal education, dedicated to the younger generations to explain all the secrets of Cosa Nostra. The program is inspired by the lessons mafia devised in 1992 by the Director of TG2 Alberto La Volpe with Giovanni Falcone, one of the last initiatives of the magistrate from Palermo crushed by the attack of Capaci. Twenty years later, solicited in this regard, Grasso agreed to go back to tell young people the Mafia. Mafia lessons digs into the mafia system and returns an x-ray done of names, rules, stories, web of complicity, plots, mystery, ambiguity. In the first episode explained how the dome formed Mafia.

Political career[edit]

Senator of the Italian Republic[edit]

On 27 December 2012, Grasso requested leave of absence from the CSM, and the next day told the press that he intended to stand for election with the centre-left Democratic Party in the Italian parliamentary elections of 2013. On 8 January 2013, the national leadership of the Democratic Party candidate Pietro Grasso was elected in the Italian Senate as a candidate of the list PD for the Lazio region.[4]

In March, following the election, along with many other colleagues in the Parliament, Grasso joined the project "starts again in the future" by signing the petition that aims to review the anti-corruption law by changing the norm on the exchange-electoral political mafia within the first hundred days of parliamentary activity.[5]

President of the Senate of the Italian Republic[edit]

Grasso with President Giorgio Napolitano and the President of the Chamber of Deputies Laura Boldrini.

On 16 March 2013 at 18:50 was elected President of the Senate by 137 votes, against 117 for Renato Schifani (PdL), the outgoing President. There was a fourth ballot runoff between the two most voted senators from the previous ballot, with 313 voters in total, including 52 blank and 7 nil.[6][7]

As President of the Senate, it was his responsibility to decide whether the Senate would declare itself as an injured part in an indictment against Berlusconi. The former Prime Minister was accused of bribing majority senators to have them withdraw support from the Prodi government. Grasso decided to go ahead against the advice of a Senate parliamentary committee, who voted 10 to 8 against the indictment.[8][9]

On 14 January 2015, on the resignation of Giorgio Napolitano, Grasso became the acting President of the Italian Republic.[10] He served in that position until the swearing in of Sergio Mattarella on 3 February 2015.[11]

Grasso left the Democratic Party on 26 October 2017, the same day the new electoral law (colloquially known by the nickname Rosatellum bis) was approved definitively by the Senate.[12][13][14]

Leader of Free and Equal[edit]

On 3 December 2017, Grasso was appointed leader of Free and Equal (LeU), a left-wing political alliance of parties, formed by the Democratic and Progressive Movement, Italian Left and Possible.[15]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Profile of Pietro Grasso". The official website of the Senate of the Italian Republic.
  2. ^ Sinistra, Grasso lancia 'Liberi e uguali': "Pd mi ha offerto incarichi ma i calcoli non fanno per me"
  3. ^ Grasso sarà il leader della sinistra (in Italian), ilpost.it, 2017/12/03.
  4. ^ "Da Epifani a Mineo, gli ultimi candidati Pd Bersani: siamo noi la lepre da inseguire". Retrieved March 16, 2013.
  5. ^ "PARLAMENTARI – Riparte il futuro". Retrieved March 16, 2013.
  6. ^ http://www.ilfattoquotidiano.it/2013/03/16/camera-boldrini-presidente-al-senato-grasso-vince-ballottaggio-contro-schifani/532263/
  7. ^ "Communication from the Senate". The official website of the Senate of the Italian Republic.
  8. ^ "Italy centre-right attack Senate speaker over Berlusconi trial". Reuters.
  9. ^ "Grasso ha deciso: Senato parte civile nel processo a Berlusconi sulla compravendita". Repubblica.
  10. ^ "Italy profile". BBC News. 28 January 2015. Retrieved 31 January 2015.
  11. ^ "Italy MPs elect judge Sergio Mattarella as president". BBC News. 31 January 2015. Retrieved 31 January 2015.
  12. ^ "Pietro Grasso lascia il gruppo del Pd: 'Non riconosco più metodo Pd'". Agenzia Nazionale Stampa Associata (in Italian). 2017-10-26. Retrieved 2017-10-27.
  13. ^ "Senato, il presidente Pietro Grasso lascia gruppo Pd. Zanda: "Dissenso su linea del partito"". la Repubblica (in Italian). 2017-10-26. Retrieved 2017-10-27.
  14. ^ Conti, Marco (2017-10-27). "Grasso: «Questo non è più il mio partito». E ora Pietro tratta con i bersaniani". Il Messaggero (in Italian). Retrieved 2017-10-27.
  15. ^ Pietro Grasso candidato
Legal offices
Preceded by
Pierluigi Vigna
Director of the National Antimafia Directorate
2005–2012
Succeeded by
Giusto Sciacchitano
Political offices
Preceded by
Renato Schifani
President of the Senate
2013–2018
Succeeded by
Elisabetta Casellati
Preceded by
Giorgio Napolitano
President of Italy
Acting

2015
Succeeded by
Sergio Mattarella