|President of the Italian Senate|
16 March 2013 – 22 March 2018
|Preceded by||Renato Schifani|
|Succeeded by||Elisabetta Casellati|
|Acting President of Italy|
14 January 2015 – 3 February 2015
|Prime Minister||Matteo Renzi|
|Preceded by||Giorgio Napolitano|
|Succeeded by||Sergio Mattarella|
|Member of the Italian Senate|
|Assumed office |
15 March 2013
|National Antimafia Prosecutor|
11 October 2005 – 27 December 2012
|Preceded by||Pierluigi Vigna|
|Succeeded by||Giusto Sciacchitano|
|Born||1 January 1945|
Licata, Kingdom of Italy
|Political party||Democratic Party (2013–2017)|
Free and Equal (2017–2018)
|Alma mater||University of Palermo|
Pietro Grasso (Italian pronunciation: [ˈpjɛːtro ˈɡrasso]; born 1 January 1945), also known as Piero Grasso, is an Italian anti-mafia magistrate and politician who served as President of the Senate from 2013 to 2018.
In 1984 he was appointed associate judge in the first maxiprocesso (a portmanteau of the Italian words for maximum and trial) of the Sicilian Mafia (10 February 1986 – 10 December 1987), with 475 defendants. Pietro Grasso, next to the presiding judge Alfonso Giordano, was author of the judgment (over 8,000 pages) that inflicted 19 life sentences and more than 2,600 years in prison.
At the end of the maxiprocesso, Grasso was appointed consultant to the Anti-Mafia Commission, at the head of Gerardo Chiaromonte first and then by Luciano Violante. In 1991 he was appointed adviser to the criminal affairs department of the Ministry of Justice, whose minister was Claudio Martelli, whom he named Giovanni Falcone, and member of the Central Commission for the repentant.
He was then replaced in his role, until he was appointed deputy prosecutor at the National Anti-Mafia Directorate (led by Pier Luigi Vigna), applied in the Procure of Palermo and Florence, where he supervised and coordinated the investigations on the massacres of 1992 and 1993.
In Palermo by the Public Prosecutor in August 1999, under his direction, from 2000 to 2004, 1,779 people were arrested for crimes of mafia fugitives and 13, which were included in the 30 most dangerous. During the same period, the prosecutor of Palermo scored 380 life sentences and hundreds of sentences about a total of thousands of years in prison.
National Antimafia Prosecutor
On 11 October 2005 he was appointed National Antimafia Prosecutor, succeeding Pierluigi Vigna, who left office in August 2005 having reached the retirement age, while he was still head of the prosecutor of Palermo.
His appointment was at the center of bitter controversy in judicial and political, as it was very likely the appointment of the Prosecutor at the Court of Palermo Gian Carlo Caselli. However, the Berlusconi III Cabinet, in the person of Senator Luigi Bobbio (National Alliance), introduced an amendment to the delegation of the reform of the judicial system (the so-called "Reform Castelli"). According to the wording of the amendment, Caselli could no longer be appointed national anti-Mafia prosecutor for exceeding the age limit. The Constitutional Court, following the appointment of Peter Grasso as a new national anti-Mafia prosecutor, declared illegal the decision that the judge had ruled Gian Carlo Caselli from the competition.
On 11 April 2006 help with his work, after years of investigation, the capture of Bernardo Provenzano on the farm, Montagna dei cavalli in Corleone, hiding from 9 May 1963. On 18 September 2006 the District Anti-Mafia Directorate of Catanzaro, with support from the National Prosecution led by national prosecutor Grasso, concludes a two-year on the action of certain mafias of Vibo Valentia, who had put his hands on his holiday parks the coast. The gangs in question are The Rose of Tropea and that of Mancuso Limbadi that ricavavano huge profits from the control of contracts for the construction and supply of holiday villages in the area of Catanzaro. Operation Odyssey ends with 41 cases of custody.
The natural expiration of the first term to the DNA was confirmed by the Supreme Judicial Council for a second term, this time without any controversy and consensus.
From September 2012 to Rai History in 12 episodes Pietro Grasso leads "Lessons Mafia", a project of legal education, dedicated to the younger generations to explain all the secrets of Cosa Nostra. The program is inspired by the lessons mafia devised in 1992 by the Director of TG2 Alberto La Volpe with Giovanni Falcone, one of the last initiatives of the magistrate from Palermo crushed by the attack of Capaci. Twenty years later, solicited in this regard, Grasso agreed to go back to tell young people the Mafia. Mafia lessons digs into the mafia system and returns an x-ray done of names, rules, stories, web of complicity, plots, mystery, ambiguity. In the first episode explained how the dome formed Mafia.
Senator of the Italian Republic
On 27 December 2012, Grasso requested leave of absence from the CSM, and the next day told the press that he intended to stand for election with the centre-left Democratic Party in the Italian parliamentary elections of 2013. On 8 January 2013, the national leadership of the Democratic Party candidate Pietro Grasso was elected in the Italian Senate as a candidate of the list PD for the Lazio region.
In March, following the election, along with many other colleagues in the Parliament, Grasso joined the project "starts again in the future" by signing the petition that aims to review the anti-corruption law by changing the norm on the exchange-electoral political mafia within the first hundred days of parliamentary activity.
President of the Senate of the Italian Republic
On 16 March 2013 at 18:50 was elected President of the Senate by 137 votes, against 117 for Renato Schifani (PdL), the outgoing President. There was a fourth ballot runoff between the two most voted senators from the previous ballot, with 313 voters in total, including 52 blank and 7 nil.
As President of the Senate, it was his responsibility to decide whether the Senate would declare itself as an injured part in an indictment against Berlusconi. The former Prime Minister was accused of bribing majority senators to have them withdraw support from the Prodi government. Grasso decided to go ahead against the advice of a Senate parliamentary committee, who voted 10 to 8 against the indictment.
On 14 January 2015, on the resignation of Giorgio Napolitano, Grasso became the Acting President of the Italian Republic. He served in that position until the swearing in of Sergio Mattarella on 3 February 2015.
Leader of Free and Equal
- "Profile of Pietro Grasso". The official website of the Senate of the Italian Republic.
- "Da Epifani a Mineo, gli ultimi candidati Pd Bersani: siamo noi la lepre da inseguire". Retrieved March 16, 2013.
- "PARLAMENTARI – Riparte il futuro". Retrieved March 16, 2013.
- "Camera, Boldrini presidente. Al Senato Grasso vince il ballottaggio con Schifani". 16 March 2013.
- "Communication from the Senate". The official website of the Senate of the Italian Republic.
- "Italy centre-right attack Senate speaker over Berlusconi trial". Reuters. 5 February 2014.
- "Grasso ha deciso: Senato parte civile nel processo a Berlusconi sulla compravendita". Repubblica. 5 February 2014.
- "Italy profile". BBC News. 28 January 2015. Retrieved 31 January 2015.
- "Italy MPs elect judge Sergio Mattarella as president". BBC News. 31 January 2015. Retrieved 31 January 2015.
- "Pietro Grasso lascia il gruppo del Pd: 'Non riconosco più metodo Pd'". Agenzia Nazionale Stampa Associata (in Italian). 2017-10-26. Retrieved 2017-10-27.
- "Senato, il presidente Pietro Grasso lascia gruppo Pd. Zanda: "Dissenso su linea del partito"". la Repubblica (in Italian). 2017-10-26. Retrieved 2017-10-27.
- Conti, Marco (2017-10-27). "Grasso: "Questo non è più il mio partito". E ora Pietro tratta con i bersaniani". Il Messaggero (in Italian). Retrieved 2017-10-27.
- Pietro Grasso candidato
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