Pietro Ingrao

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Pietro Ingrao
President of the Chamber of Deputies
In office
June 5, 1976 – July 19, 1979
Preceded by Sandro Pertini
Succeeded by Nilde Iotti
Personal details
Born (1915-03-30)March 30, 1915
Lenola, Italy
Died September 27, 2015(2015-09-27) (aged 100)
Rome, Italy
Nationality Italian
Political party Italian Communist Party
Profession Politician

Pietro Ingrao (March 30, 1915 – September 27, 2015) was an Italian politician, journalist and former partisan. For many years he was a senior figure in the Italian Communist Party (PCI).[1][2]

Political career[edit]

Ingrao was born at Lenola, in the province of Latina.

As a student he was a member of GUF (Gruppo Universitario Fascista) and won a "Littoriale" of culture and art.

Ingrao joined the PCI in 1942 and took part in the anti-fascist resistance during World War II. After the war, he led the Marxist-Leninist tendency in the party, representing its left wing. This led him to frequent political differences with Giorgio Amendola, leader of the social democratic tendency.

Ingrao was a Member of Parliament continuously from 1948 to 1994. In 1947-1957, he was editor-in-chief of the party newspaper, L'Unità. He was the first Communist to become President of the Italian Chamber of Deputies, a position he held from 1976 to 1979.

After PCI's then-secretary Achille Occhetto, in what was called the Svolta della Bolognina, decided to change the party's name, Ingrao become his main internal opponent.[3] In the PCI's 20th Congress of 1991, he joined the reformist majority in its successor, the Democratic Party of the Left (PDS), but soon left the group. After the European elections of 2004, he abandoned PDS and adhered (as an independent) to the more hardline successor to the old PCI, the Communist Refoundation Party.

He has written a number of poems and political essays. His most important work is Appuntamenti di fine secolo ("Rendez-vous at the end of the century"), published in 1995 in collaboration with Rossana Rossanda.

Ingrao was an atheist.[4] He died on September 27, 2015 at the age of 100.[5][2]


  1. ^ Ajello, At (September 14, 2004). "Pietro Ingrao "I miei errori"". La Repubblica (in Italian). Retrieved 2 June 2012. 
  2. ^ a b Donald Sassoon. "Pietro Ingrao obituary". the Guardian. 
  3. ^ Telese, Luca (2009). Qualcuno era comunista. Sperling & Kupfer. 
  4. ^ Quinzio, Sergio. "Ingrao convertito. anzi no". Il Corriere della Sera. Retrieved 5 June 2013. 
  5. ^ Addio a Pietro Ingrao, morto a Roma lo storico dirigente del Pci, La Repubblica, 27 September 2015.


  • Galdo, Antonio (2004). Pietro Ingrao. Il compagno disarmato. Milan: Sperling & Kupfer. ISBN 88-200-3732-7. 

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Alessandro Pertini
President of the Italian Chamber of Deputies
Succeeded by
Nilde Iotti