Pigeon Lake (Alberta)

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Pigeon Lake
Pigeon Lake Alberta Canada 04A.jpg
Looking west over Pigeon Lake at sunset
Pigeon Lake is located in Alberta
Pigeon Lake
Pigeon Lake
LocationLeduc County and County of Wetaskiwin No. 10, Alberta
Coordinates53°01′49″N 114°03′48″W / 53.03028°N 114.06333°W / 53.03028; -114.06333Coordinates: 53°01′49″N 114°03′48″W / 53.03028°N 114.06333°W / 53.03028; -114.06333
Primary outflowsPigeon Lake Creek
Catchment area187 km2 (72 sq mi)
Basin countriesCanada
Max. length13.1 km (8.1 mi)
Max. width14.7 km (9.1 mi)
Surface area96.7 km2 (37.3 sq mi)
Average depth6.2 m (20 ft)
Max. depth9.1 m (30 ft)
Surface elevation852 m (2,795 ft)
SettlementsArgentia Beach, Crystal Springs, Fisher Home, Golden Days, Grandview, Itaska Beach, Ma-Me-O Beach, Mission Beach, Mulhurst Bay, Norris Beach, Pigeon Lake 138A, Poplar Bay, Silver Beach, Sundance Beach, Village at Pigeon Lake
ReferencesPigeon Lake

Pigeon Lake is a lake in central Alberta, Canada that straddles the boundary between Leduc County and the County of Wetaskiwin No. 10. It is located close to Edmonton, Leduc and Wetaskiwin. Communities located along the lakeshore include Pigeon Lake Indian Reserve 138A, ten summer villages (Argentia Beach, Crystal Springs, Golden Days, Grandview, Itaska Beach, Ma-Me-O Beach, Norris Beach, Poplar Bay, Silver Beach and Sundance Beach), and four unincorporated communities (Fisher Home, Mission Beach, Mulhurst Bay and Village at Pigeon Lake).

The lake has a total area of 96.7 km2 (37.3 sq mi) and a maximum depth of 9.1 m (30 ft). It has a catchment area of 187 km2 (72 sq mi),[1] and is an early tributary of the Battle River, to which it is connected through the Pigeon Lake Creek.

Pigeon Lake was previously called "Woodpecker Lake". The name was changed to Pigeon Lake in 1858. In 1896, Pigeon Lake Indian Reserve was established on the southeast shore. Later, the summer village of Ma-Me-O Beach was developed at the south end of the lake on land obtained from the Indian reserve in 1924. Ma-Me-O (omîmîw) is a Cree word meaning "pigeon".


The Pigeon Lake Provincial Park is established on the western shore of the lake and is accessed from Highway 771. The Pigeon Lake Watershed Association promotes protection of the lake and beneficial management practices in its watershed.[2]


Mulhurst Bay, on the east side of Pigeon Lake

Pigeon Lake is one of the most intensely used recreational areas in Alberta, with 10 summer villages, 4 unincorporated communities, and over 2,300 private cottages along its shores.[citation needed] The summer villages include Argentia Beach, Crystal Springs, Golden Days, Grandview, Itaska Beach, Ma-Me-O Beach, Norris Beach, Poplar Bay, Silver Beach and Sundance Beach.[3] The unincorporated communities include Fisher Home, Mission Beach, Mulhurst Bay and Village at Pigeon Lake.[4] A fifth unincorporated community, Westerose, is located 0.5 km (0.31 mi) to the south of the lake on Highway 13.[4]


The lake and its communities are accessed along Highway 13 on the south side, Highway 771 on the west side, Highway 616 on the north side, and Highway 780 on the east side.[4]


Concerns over frequency and intensity of cyanobacterial blooms has prompted study of the lake and its watershed. Water sampling was undertaken to characterize water quality, sediment quality, and non-fish biota. This data was then used to create a nutrient budget for lake and to undertake a model to explore future management options.

The watershed community is working to address the sources of external nutrients entering the lake, collaboratively led by the Pigeon Lake Watershed Association and the Alliance of Pigeon Lake Municipalities. Outputs to date include a model land use bylaw for development and redevelopment of land within 0.8 km (0.50 mi) of the shoreline, healthy lake lawn maintenance and work on runoff, which is the source of nearly half of the lake's external nutrients.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Pigeon Lake". in Atlas of Alberta Lakes. University of Alberta Press. 1990. Retrieved 24 Nov 2019.
  2. ^ "About". Pigeon Lake Watershed Association. Retrieved November 8, 2014.
  3. ^ "Our Member Municipalities and Council Representatives". Alliance of Pigeon Lake Municipalities. November 8, 2014.
  4. ^ a b c Your Official Road Map of Alberta (Map). Travel Alberta. 2014.

External links[edit]