April 18, 1904
Durham, North Carolina, U.S.
|Died||December 13, 1981 (aged 77)|
The Bronx, New York, U.S.
|Occupation||Comedian, actor, singer, dancer|
|Spouse(s)||Bernice Markham (m. ?–1981)|
Dewey "Pigmeat" Markham (April 18, 1904 – December 13, 1981) was an African American entertainer. Though best known as a comedian, Markham was also a singer, dancer, and actor. His nickname came from a stage routine, in which he declared himself to be "Sweet Poppa Pigmeat". He was sometimes credited in films as Pigmeat "Alamo" Markham.
Early life and career
He was born in the community of Hayti, Durham, North Carolina. His family was the most prominent on their street, which came to be called (and later officially named) Markham Street in the Hayti District. Markham began his career in traveling music and burlesque shows. For a time he was a member of Bessie Smith's Traveling Revue in the 1920s. Later, he claimed he originated the Truckin' dance which became nationally popular at the start of the 1930s. In the 1940s he started making film appearances. In 1964 he recorded "Open the Door, Richard".
Markham was a familiar act at New York's famed Apollo Theater where he wore blackface makeup and huge painted white lips, despite complaints the vaudeville tradition was degrading. The book Showtime at the Apollo suggests, "He probably played the Apollo more often than any other performer." Starting in the 1950s Pigmeat Markham began appearing on television, making multiple appearances on The Ed Sullivan Show.
His boisterous, indecorous "heyeah (here) come da judge" schtick, which made a mockery of formal courtroom etiquette, became his signature routine. Markham would sit at an elevated judge's bench (often in a black graduation cap-and-gown, to look more impressive), and deal with a series of comic miscreants. He would often deliver his "judgments", as well as express frustration with the accused, by leaning over the bench and smacking the accused with an inflated bladder-balloon. He had hit comedy recordings in the 1960s on Chess Records, and saw his routine's entry line become a catchphrase on the Rowan & Martin's Laugh-In NBC television show, as did his phrase "Look that up in your Funk and Wagnalls."
Markham's most famous routine was "discovered" by the general public only after Sammy Davis, Jr. had performed it as a guest on the March 25, 1968 episode of Laugh-In. Due to the years of racial segregation in the entertainment world, he was not widely known by white audiences, and had almost exclusively performed on the "Chitlin' Circuit" of vaudeville, theatres, and night clubs and appeared in several race films, including William D. Alexander's 1949 revue film Burlesque in Harlem, which documented the Chitlin' Circuit.
The phenomenal ripple effect of Davis's version of "the judge" led to Markham's opportunity to perform his signature Judge character himself as a Laugh-In regular during the 1968–69 television season. Archie Campbell later adapted Markham's routine, performing as "Justus O'Peace," on the country version of Laugh-In, Hee Haw, which borrowed heavily from the minstrel show tradition.
Thanks to his Heyeah come da judge routine, which originally was accompanied by music with a funky beat, Pigmeat Markham is regarded as a forerunner of rap. His song "Here Comes the Judge" peaked at number 19 on the Billboard and other charts in 1968. He published an autobiography, Here Come the Judge!, in the wake of his Laugh-In success.
- At the Party (1961)
- The Trial (1961)
- Anything Goes with Pigmeat (1962)
- Open the Door Richard (1963)
- The World's Greatest Clown (1963)
- The Best of Moms and Pigmeat Volume One (1964) (with Moms Mabley)
- Mr. Funny Man (1965)
- This'll Kill Ya! (1965)
- One More Time... (1966) (with Moms Mabley)
- If You Can't Be Good, Be Careful! (1966)
- Mr. Vaudeville (1967)
- Save Your Soul, Baby! (1967)
- Here Come the Judge (1968)
- Tune Me In (1968)
- The Hustlers (1968)
- Backstage (1968)
- Pigmeat's Bag (1968)
- Would the Real Pigmeat Markham Please Sit Down (1973)
- The Crap-Shootin' Rev
|1945||"How Long, How Long Blues"||-||-||-||-|
|"Blues Before Sunrise"||-||-||-||-|
|1946||"See See Rider"||-||-||-||-|
|1961||"My Wife? No, I Ain't Seen Her"||-||-||-||-|
|1968||"Here Comes the Judge"||19||4||19||71|
|"The Hip Judge"||-||-||-||-|
- Deming, Mark. "Pigmeat Markham Biography". AllMusic. All Media Guide. Retrieved February 3, 2008.
- "Pigmeat Markham, Comedian Extraordinaire". The African American Registry. 2005. Retrieved May 10, 2010.
- C. Gerald Fraser (December 16, 1981). "Dewey (Pigmeat) Markham, Vaudeville And TV Comedian". New York Times. Retrieved December 18, 2014.
Dewey Markham, a comedian who performed on both the black and white vaudeville circuits and was best known for his skit called Here comes the judge, died Sunday in Montefiore Hospital in the Bronx after suffering a massive stroke. He was 77 years old and lived in the Bronx.
- "Primary Source 45" (PDF). Jacob Lawrence and The Migration Series. Archived from the original (PDF) on February 28, 2008. Retrieved January 20, 2008.
- "allmusic (((Pigmeat Markham > Discography > Main Albums)))". www.allmusic.com. Retrieved March 8, 2008.
- Fox, Ted (1983). Showtime at the Apollo. Da Capo. pp. 94. ISBN 9780030605338.
- "African American Legacy of The Woodlawn Cemetery". Archived from the original on January 4, 2008. Retrieved January 20, 2008.
- Watkins, Mel (1979). "Black Humor: On The Real Side". APF Reporter Vol. 3 #2. Archived from the original on January 19, 2008. Retrieved January 20, 2008.
- Jones, Alistair (February 26, 2011). "Reasons rhyme for a history under raps". www.theaustralian.com.au. Retrieved November 3, 2012.
- (click on "Read More" once at the site) Mark Deming. "Pigmeat Markham at Billboard.com". All Music Guide. Retrieved December 2, 2012.
- "Comic Pigmeat Markham Suffers Fatal Stroke in N.Y." Jet. Johnson Publishing Company. 61 (14): 13. January 7, 1982. ISSN 0021-5996.
- Rosen, Jody (June 25, 2019). "Here Are Hundreds More Artists Whose Tapes Were Destroyed in the UMG Fire". The New York Times. Retrieved June 28, 2019.