Pike County, Alabama

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Pike County
Pike County Courthouse in Troy
Pike County Courthouse in Troy
Map of Alabama highlighting Pike County
Location within the U.S. state of Alabama
Map of the United States highlighting Alabama
Alabama's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 31°47′57″N 85°56′19″W / 31.799166666667°N 85.938611111111°W / 31.799166666667; -85.938611111111
Country United States
State Alabama
FoundedDecember 17, 1821
Named forZebulon Pike
SeatTroy
Largest cityTroy
Area
 • Total673 sq mi (1,740 km2)
 • Land672 sq mi (1,740 km2)
 • Water0.9 sq mi (2 km2)  0.1%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total33,009
 • Estimate 
(2021)
32,991 Decrease
 • Density49/sq mi (19/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district2nd
Websitewww.alabamagis.com/Pike/
  • County Number 55 on Alabama Licence Plates

Pike County is located in the U.S. state of Alabama. As of the 2020 census the population was 33,009.[1] Its county seat is Troy.[2] Its name is in honor of General Zebulon Pike, of New Jersey, an explorer who led an expedition to southern Colorado and discovered Pikes Peak in 1806.

Pike County comprises the Troy, AL Micropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

Between the years of 1763 and 1783 the area that is now Pike County was part of the colony of British West Florida.[3] After 1783 the region fell under the jurisdiction of the newly created United States of America. In 1819 the State of Alabama was admitted to the Union and was soon organized into counties. Named after General Zebulon Montgomery Pike of New Jersey, Pike County was one of the oldest in the state, organized on December 17, 1821. The temporary county seat was established at the house of Andrew Townsend. Pike County comprised a large tract of country, so large that it was called the State of Pike, including a part of what are now Crenshaw, Montgomery, Macon, Bullock, and Barbour counties, and extended to the Chattahoochie River on the east.[4]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 673 square miles (1,740 km2), of which 672 square miles (1,740 km2) is land and 0.9 square miles (2.3 km2) (0.1%) is water.[5]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18307,108
184010,10842.2%
185015,92057.5%
186024,43553.5%
187017,423−28.7%
188020,64018.5%
189024,42318.3%
190029,17219.4%
191030,8155.6%
192031,6312.6%
193032,2401.9%
194032,4930.8%
195030,608−5.8%
196025,987−15.1%
197025,038−3.7%
198028,05012.0%
199027,595−1.6%
200029,6057.3%
201032,89911.1%
202033,0090.3%
2021 (est.)32,991[6]−0.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
1790–1960[8] 1900–1990[9]
1990–2000[10] 2010–2020[1]

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 29,605 people, 11,933 households, and 7,649 families living in the county. The population density was 44 people per square mile (17/km2). There were 13,981 housing units at an average density of 21 per square mile (8/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 60.77% White, 36.60% Black or African American, 0.66% Native American, 0.35% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.26% from other races, and 1.35% from two or more races. 1.23% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 11,933 households, out of which 29.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.60% were married couples living together, 16.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.90% were non-families. 29.80% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 2.98.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 24.40% under the age of 18, 15.80% from 18 to 24, 26.00% from 25 to 44, 21.20% from 45 to 64, and 12.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females, there were 89.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $25,551, and the median income for a family was $34,132. Males had a median income of $27,094 versus $18,758 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,904. About 18.50% of families and 23.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 29.90% of those under age 18 and 21.90% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[12] of 2010, there were 32,899 people, 13,210 households, and 7,759 families living in the county. The population density was 49 people per square mile (19/km2). There were 15,267 housing units at an average density of 22.7 per square mile (8.8/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 58.2% White, 36.6% Black or African American, 0.6% Native American, 2.0% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 1.0% from other races, and 1.5% from two or more races. 2.2% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 13,210 households, out of which 23.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 38.1% were married couples living together, 16.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 41.3% were non-families. 30.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.34 and the average family size was 2.94.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 20.3% under the age of 18, 21.2% from 18 to 24, 22.7% from 25 to 44, 22.9% from 45 to 64, and 12.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31.4 years. For every 100 females, there were 91.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.4 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $29,181, and the median income for a family was $41,570. Males had a median income of $38,605 versus $26,495 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,013. About 20.5% of families and 28.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 35.8% of those under age 18 and 16.9% of those age 65 or over.

2020 census[edit]

Pike County racial composition[13]
Race Num. Perc.
White (non-Hispanic) 18,036 54.64%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 12,068 36.56%
Native American 169 0.51%
Asian 577 1.75%
Pacific Islander 9 0.03%
Other/Mixed 1,245 3.77%
Hispanic or Latino 905 2.74%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 33,009 people, 11,601 households, and 6,422 families residing in the county.

Government[edit]

United States presidential election results for Pike County, Alabama[14]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 8,042 58.10% 5,636 40.72% 163 1.18%
2016 7,693 58.42% 5,056 38.40% 419 3.18%
2012 7,963 56.38% 6,035 42.73% 125 0.89%
2008 8,004 57.36% 5,879 42.13% 72 0.52%
2004 7,483 62.97% 4,334 36.47% 66 0.56%
2000 6,058 57.45% 4,357 41.32% 129 1.22%
1996 5,281 51.07% 4,514 43.65% 546 5.28%
1992 5,423 48.45% 4,688 41.88% 1,082 9.67%
1988 5,897 60.04% 3,813 38.82% 111 1.13%
1984 6,231 62.60% 3,541 35.58% 181 1.82%
1980 5,220 52.25% 4,417 44.21% 354 3.54%
1976 4,363 44.12% 5,387 54.47% 139 1.41%
1972 5,690 76.66% 1,624 21.88% 108 1.46%
1968 658 7.89% 1,565 18.76% 6,118 73.35%
1964 4,373 84.49% 0 0.00% 803 15.51%
1960 1,006 22.62% 3,421 76.91% 21 0.47%
1956 997 25.97% 2,631 68.53% 211 5.50%
1952 965 27.46% 2,546 72.45% 3 0.09%
1948 87 4.74% 0 0.00% 1,747 95.26%
1944 90 3.63% 2,328 93.91% 61 2.46%
1940 121 3.81% 3,049 95.94% 8 0.25%
1936 55 1.74% 3,100 98.19% 2 0.06%
1932 52 2.00% 2,545 97.92% 2 0.08%
1928 552 23.24% 1,819 76.59% 4 0.17%
1924 30 1.59% 1,832 97.34% 20 1.06%
1920 204 11.32% 1,586 88.01% 12 0.67%
1916 50 2.69% 1,789 96.39% 17 0.92%
1912 13 0.96% 1,293 95.14% 53 3.90%
1908 39 2.49% 1,507 96.29% 19 1.21%
1904 29 1.80% 1,544 95.66% 41 2.54%


Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Towns[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved April 7, 2022.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ The Economy of British West Florida, 1763-1783 by Robin F. A. Fabel (University of Alabama Press, 2002)
  4. ^ Owen, Thomas McAdory (1921). History of Alabama and Dictionary of Alabama Biography. Vol. II. Chicago: S. J. Clarke Publishing Company. p. 1126.
  5. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved August 22, 2015.
  6. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Counties: April 1, 2020 to July 1, 2021". Retrieved April 7, 2022.
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 22, 2015.
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved August 22, 2015.
  9. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 24, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 22, 2015.
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved August 22, 2015.
  11. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 14, 2011.
  12. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 6, 2015.
  13. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved December 13, 2021.
  14. ^ "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". Retrieved November 21, 2016.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 31°47′57″N 85°56′19″W / 31.79917°N 85.93861°W / 31.79917; -85.93861