Pike County, Kentucky

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Pike County, Kentucky
Pike county courthouse.jpg
Pike County courthouse in Pikeville
Map of Kentucky highlighting Pike County
Location in the U.S. state of Kentucky
Map of the United States highlighting Kentucky
Kentucky's location in the U.S.
Founded 1821
Named for Zebulon Pike
Seat Pikeville
Largest city Pikeville
Area
 • Total 789 sq mi (2,044 km2)
 • Land 787 sq mi (2,038 km2)
 • Water 1.8 sq mi (5 km2), 0.2%
Population
 • (2010) 65,024
 • Density 83/sq mi (32/km2)
Congressional district 5th
Time zone Eastern: UTC−5/−4
Website http://www.pikecountyky.gov/
http://www.tourpikecounty.com

Pike County is a county located in the U.S. state of Kentucky. As of the 2010 census, the population was 65,024.[1] Its county seat is Pikeville.[2] The county was founded in 1821.[3]

Pike is Kentucky's easternmost county; it is also the state's largest county in terms of land area. Pike County is the 11th largest county in Kentucky in terms of population preceded by Bullitt County and followed by Christian County. Pike County is Kentucky's third largest banking center, with financial institutions and holding companies having more than $1 billion in assets.[4] In the five years spanning 1995–2000, personal income increased by 28%, and the county's per capita income exceeded the national and state average growth rates of the past decade.[5] Pike County is the seventy-first Kentucky county in order of creation.

With regard to the sale of alcohol, it is classified as a moist county—a county in which alcohol sales are prohibited (a dry county), but containing a "wet" city, in this case two cities: Pikeville and Coal Run Village, where package alcohol sales are allowed.[6]

History[edit]

Pike County was founded on December 19, 1821. The county was named for General Zebulon Pike, the explorer who discovered Pikes Peak.[7] Between 1860 and 1891 the Hatfield-McCoy feud raged in Pike and in bordering Mingo County, West Virginia. On May 6, 1893, Pikeville officially became a city and the county seat.

Pike County is also home to Paul E. Patton, former governor of Kentucky.

The Appalachian News Express, published in Pikeville, is preserved on microfilm by the University of Kentucky Libraries. The microfilm holdings are listed in a master negative database on the UK Libraries Preservation and Digital Programs website.[8]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 789 square miles (2,040 km2), of which 787 square miles (2,040 km2) is land and 1.8 square miles (4.7 km2) (0.2%) is water.[9] It is the largest county by area in Kentucky.

The main population areas of the county include the city of Pikeville and surrounding suburbs, Elkhorn City, and the unincorporated town of South Williamson.

Major highways[edit]

U.S. Route 23 passes through the Pikeville Cut-Through, the second largest earthmoving project in the Western Hemisphere.

Pike County has a total of 486.285 miles of classified roads.[10]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18302,677
18403,56733.2%
18505,36550.4%
18607,38437.6%
18709,56229.5%
188013,00136.0%
189017,37833.7%
190022,68630.5%
191031,67939.6%
192049,47756.2%
193063,26727.9%
194071,12212.4%
195081,15414.1%
196068,264−15.9%
197061,059−10.6%
198081,12332.9%
199072,583−10.5%
200068,736−5.3%
201065,024−5.4%
Est. 201660,555[11]−6.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[12]
1790–1960[13] 1900–1990[14]
1990–2000[15] 2010–2013[1]

As of the census[16] of 2000, there were 68,736 people, 27,612 households, and 20,377 families residing in the county. The population density was 87 per square mile (34/km2). There were 30,923 housing units at an average density of 39 per square mile (15/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 98.35% White, 0.45% Black or African American, 0.11% Native American, 0.41% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.10% from other races, and 0.56% from two or more races. 0.65% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

The largest self-reported ancestry groups in Pike County, Kentucky are:[17]

There were 27,612 households out of which 33.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.80% were married couples living together, 11.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.20% were non-families. 24.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 2.90.

The age distribution was 23.70% under the age of 18, 9.20% from 18 to 24, 30.00% from 25 to 44, 24.90% from 45 to 64, and 12.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 95.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $23,930, and the median income for a family was $29,302. Males had a median income of $32,332 versus $19,229 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,005. About 20.60% of families and 23.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 30.20% of those under age 18 and 16.10% of those age 65 or over. The zip codes 41502 (Pikeville), 41503 (South Williamson), and 41527 (Forest Hills) are the wealthiest portions of the county. 41502 is the 50th wealthiest zip code in Kentucky, 41503 is the 61st wealthiest, and 41527 is the 63rd wealthiest. South Williamson and Forest Hills are located on the Northeast side of the county. These three areas combine to 2,129 residents and make up around 3% of the county's population. The average income for these areas are $51,962 (41502), $49,345 (41503), and $48,484 (41527).[18]

Politics[edit]

Historically, Pike County was a solidly Republican county in presidential voting from 1896 to 1928 under the Fourth Party System, then a solidly Democratic county in presidential elections from 1932 until 2004. Since 2004, it has shifted towards the Republican party in presidential voting.[19]

Presidential elections results
Presidential elections results[20]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 80.1% 19,747 17.4% 4,280 2.6% 638
2012 74.4% 17,590 23.9% 5,646 1.7% 400
2008 55.9% 12,655 42.1% 9,525 2.0% 463
2004 47.1% 12,611 52.3% 14,002 0.6% 157
2000 44.1% 11,005 54.6% 13,611 1.3% 319
1996 30.5% 7,160 60.1% 14,126 9.4% 2,209
1992 29.2% 8,212 61.8% 17,358 8.9% 2,512
1988 37.8% 9,976 61.9% 16,339 0.4% 101
1984 42.7% 11,869 56.9% 15,817 0.5% 126
1980 41.0% 10,550 57.9% 14,878 1.1% 292
1976 38.7% 9,178 60.4% 14,320 0.8% 193
1972 56.5% 12,535 42.9% 9,513 0.7% 152
1968 39.6% 8,911 51.8% 11,663 8.7% 1,952
1964 33.3% 14,140 66.5% 7,078 0.2% 35
1960 43.3% 9,956 56.7% 13,039 0.0% 0
1956 50.4% 11,678 49.5% 11,466 0.2% 41
1952 43.3% 9,778 56.5% 12,761 0.2% 37
1948 41.0% 8,097 57.8% 11,423 1.2% 244
1944 45.2% 8,092 54.5% 9,757 0.3% 48
1940 42.5% 8,985 57.5% 12,160 0.1% 16
1936 41.9% 8,210 58.1% 11,382 0.1% 11
1932 38.3% 7,914 61.4% 12,686 0.4% 74
1928 54.1% 9,386 45.8% 7,930 0.1% 19
1924 52.1% 7,059 43.1% 5,835 4.8% 646
1920 58.1% 7,911 41.3% 5,619 0.7% 92
1916 54.7% 4,212 44.3% 3,414 1.0% 73
1912 44.9% 2,777 41.7% 2,583 13.4% 832

Local politics have been dominated by the Democratic Party throughout its history, remaining so today – while the county was carried by Republicans in the presidential races since 2004, most local offices, including judge-executive, sheriff, and the local representative to the Kentucky State Legislature, remain Democratic – there were no Republicans running in the last races for judge-executive and sheriff.[21][22]

Economy[edit]

A coal breaker in Pike County in 1938
A mountaintop removal mine just off of U.S. Route 23 in 2010

Pike County has vast fossil fuel, (coal and natural gas) reserves. Pike County is one of the nation's leading coal and natural gas producers. In April 2007, Pike County announced the first-in-the-nation comprehensive energy strategy which was developed in partnership with the Southern States Energy Board.[23]

Pike County is the second-largest coal producing county as reported in 2013 next to Union County in the western part of the state. Adding that to the counties of Harlan County, Perry County, and Martin County, Eastern Kentucky produces nearly ​34 of all coal produced in the entire state.[24] Over 150 million tons are produced annually throughout the state.[25]

The poverty level of counties in the Appalachian region of Kentucky is 24.4% compared to the United States Poverty Level of 12.4%.[26] Of the top eight coal-producing counties in eastern Kentucky, Pike County is the only county that does not have a higher poverty rate than Appalachian Kentucky as a whole.

Poverty Rate in Kentucky's Appalachian Region

Coal companies in Pike County[edit]

Economic growth[edit]

Tourism is also a major source of economic growth in Pike County. In 2012, nearly 300,000 people visited the Breaks Interstate Park on the Kentucky-Virginia border.[33]

Over 1,400 businesses contribute to the growing economy in Pikeville. From 2005 to 2011, downtown Pikeville experienced major growth. The Eastern Kentucky Exposition Center was constructed in 2005 and seats 7,000.[34] It features numerous events including world-renowned concerts and shows. The county is also home to the Pikeville Concert Association which secures renowned cultural events for the area. These events usually take place at Booth Auditorium on the campus of the University of Pikeville.

The Pikeville Medical Center received a $44 million loan from the U.S. Department of Agriculture Rural Development program in 2010 to construct an eleven-story office building and adjacent parking garage in downtown. Construction was completed in 2014.[35]

The University of Pikeville broke ground on a nine-story building (the Coal Building) on Hambley Boulevard in downtown Pikeville in early 2011 to house the University of Pikeville's School of Osteopathic Medicine.[36]

In the summer of 2011, Jenny Wiley Theatre group announced their collaboration with the city of Pikeville to construct a 200-seat indoor professional theater in downtown Pikeville. The theatre opened in May 2014.[37]

Government[edit]

The office of Pike County Judge Executive served as a launching pad for the governorship of Paul E. Patton (1995–2003).[38]

On November 8, 2016 the voters of Pike County choose to switch from a magisterial form of government to a commissioner form of government. As of 2019, the Pike County Fiscal Court will be composed of three county commissioners and the county judge/executive. This effort was a bi-partisan effort led by a citizens' group, Pike Countians Against Government Waste, that garnered signature petitions in 2015-2016 to place the question on the ballot. The voters of the 2016 election supported changing to a commissioner form of government with nearly 12,000 votes in favor, which was nearly 70% of the popular vote. In March 2016, the fiscal court which is composed of six magistrates and a judge-executive voted unanimously to sue the judge-executive (who voted to sue himself) to overturn the results of the ballot question to change the form of government. The fiscal court, composed of magistrates Jeff Anderson, Vernon "Chick" Johnson, Leo Murphy, Hilman Dotson, and Bobby Varney; and, Judge Bill Deskins, was first represented by John Doug Hays, Assistant County Attorney, and then by County Attorney Howard Keith Hall. The citizens' group was represented by State Senator Ray S. Jones, II, who filed a motion to intervene on behalf of the citizens of Pike County. In October 2017, Special Judge Rebecca Phillips of Morgan County dismissed the fiscal court lawsuit in a 23-page decision, which effectively ended the effort to overturn the voters decision. County commissioner candidates will seek office in 2018, with the commissioner form of government replacing the current magistrate form of government in 2019.

Healthcare[edit]

Hospitals[edit]

Education[edit]

University of Pikeville

Pike County colleges[edit]

Pike County Schools[edit]

The Pike County School System consists of 25 high, middle, and elementary schools.[39]

High schools[edit]

Middle and elementary schools[edit]

The following lists of middle and elementary schools is categorized by the high school they feed:

Shelby Valley Day Treatment Center, Phelps Day Treatment Center, are all discipline facilities. Northpoint Academy is a high school drop out prevention program that focuses on the individual needs of the student. All students at Northpoint are there on a voluntary basis.

Pikeville Independent Schools[edit]

Private schools[edit]

Sports[edit]

Baseball[edit]

Pike County has had several minor league teams based out of Pikeville. From 1982 to 1983, the Pikeville Cubs were located in the city. They were part of the Appalachian League and affiliated with the Chicago Cubs. In 1984, the team changed to become affiliated with the Milwaukee Brewers, thus changing its name to the Pikeville Brewers. In 2010 Pikeville Independent's baseball team finished in the final four at the KHSAA Baseball State Tournament. In 2012 and in 2013 Pikeville Junior High baseball finished runner up in the Kentucky Middle School State Tournament both years.

Basketball[edit]

In 2007, the East Kentucky Miners came to Pike County after the opening of the Eastern Kentucky Exposition Center. the team played in Pikeville from 2007 to 2010. In 2010, the American Basketball Association opened an expansion franchise in Pikeville called the East Kentucky Energy. In 2010 Shelby Valley High School won the KHSAA Men's Basketball State Championship. In 2011, UPike Men's Basketball won the National Championship defeating Mountain State University.

Football[edit]

In 2010 the Pike County Crusaders, an Indoor Arena Football team, was announced as coming to the Eastern Kentucky Expo Center, but the initiative soon failed. In 2011, The East Kentucky Drillers, an Indoor Arena Football franchise came to the Eastern Kentucky Expo Center in Pikeville. In 2012, the team changed its name to the Kentucky Drillers.

Club Sport Years Active League Venue
East Kentucky Drillers Indoor Arena Football 2011–2012 UIFL Eastern Kentucky Expo Center
East Kentucky Energy Basketball 2010–2012 ABA Eastern Kentucky Expo Center
East Kentucky Miners Basketball 2007–2010 ABA Eastern Kentucky Expo Center
Kentucky Drillers Indoor Arena Football 2012–present CIFL Eastern Kentucky Expo Center
Pikeville Brewers Baseball 1984 Appalachian League Howard Field
Pikeville Cubs Baseball 1982–1983 Appalachian League Howard Field

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Census-designated places[edit]

Other unincorporated places[edit]

Notable residents[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 16, 2011. Retrieved March 6, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ E., Kleber, John; Kentucky, University Press of; Policy, Institute for Regional Analysis and Public; Library, Camden-Carroll; University, Morehead State (4 April 2018). "The Kentucky Encyclopedia". www.kyenc.org. Retrieved 4 April 2018. 
  4. ^ "Pikeville: Mayberry, with muscle" (PDF). Kentucky Monthly. March 2005. Retrieved 2014-06-24. 
  5. ^ "Pike County, Kentucky". Pike County Chamber of Commerce. Retrieved May 21, 2010. 
  6. ^ "Wet & Dry Counties in Kentucky" (PDF). Kentucky Office of Alcoholic Beverage Control. Archived from the original (PDF) on March 15, 2007. Retrieved March 21, 2007. 
  7. ^ The Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society, Volume 1. Kentucky State Historical Society. 1903. p. 36. 
  8. ^ http://lib..uky.edu/repro/
  9. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on August 12, 2014. Retrieved August 19, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Commonwealth of Kentucky Transportation Cabinet" (PDF). Commonwealth of Kentucky. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-06-15. 
  11. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  12. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 19, 2014. 
  13. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved August 19, 2014. 
  14. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 19, 2014. 
  15. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 19, 2014. 
  16. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  17. ^ Bureau, U.S. Census. "American FactFinder - Results". factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 4 April 2018. 
  18. ^ "Highest Income Zip Codes". IRS. Retrieved June 3, 2010. 
  19. ^ Kestenbaum, Lawrence. "The Political Graveyard: Pike County, Ky". politicalgraveyard.com. Retrieved 4 April 2018. 
  20. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 4 April 2018. 
  21. ^ "Pike voters replace state lawmaker, judge-executive and Kentucky's longest-serving sheriff". kentucky.com. Retrieved 4 April 2018. 
  22. ^ "Kentucky 94th District State House Results: Angie Hatton Wins". 1 August 2017. Retrieved 4 April 2018 – via NYTimes.com. 
  23. ^ "Pike noted as 'Energy Capital' at state summit". The Medical Leader. Retrieved June 25, 2014. 
  24. ^ "KY Coal Facts". Kentucky Office of Mine Safety and Licensing Annual Report, 2006. Retrieved May 19, 2010. 
  25. ^ "About Kentucky Coal". Roger Philpot. Retrieved May 19, 2010. 
  26. ^ "Economic Status of Coal-Producing Counties". Mountain Association for Community Economic Development. Retrieved May 19, 2010.  External link in |publisher= (help)
  27. ^ Alliance Resource Partners, L.P. » Central Appalachia Archived 2013-07-03 at the Wayback Machine.
  28. ^ [Alpha Natural Resources - 2012 Kentucky Operations]
  29. ^ "James River Coal Company – McCoy Elkhorn complex". www.jamesrivercoal.com. Retrieved 4 April 2018. 
  30. ^ "Central Appalachia". www.rhinolp.com. Retrieved 4 April 2018. 
  31. ^ "Clintwood - TECO Coal". tecocoal.com. Retrieved 4 April 2018. 
  32. ^ "Premier - TECO Coal". tecocoal.com. Retrieved 4 April 2018. 
  33. ^ Virginia State Parks 2012 Attendance and Economic Impact Virginia Department of Conservation and Recreation. Retrieved 2014-05-10.
  34. ^ About Eastern Kentucky Exposition Center. Retrieved 2014-06-25.
  35. ^ "Pikeville Medical opens new clinic, parking". The Herald-Dispatch. 2014-04-11. Retrieved 2014-06-25. 
  36. ^ Coal Building Ground Breaking coalminingourfuture.net. Retrieved 2014-06-25.
  37. ^ Jenny Wiley Theatre opens second location in Pikeville Archived 2014-06-06 at the Wayback Machine. WKYT-TV. Retrieved 2014-06-25.
  38. ^ Pike County Judge/Executives Since 1965 Office of the Pike County Judge Executive. Retrieved 2014-06-25.
  39. ^ "Schools". Pike County Board of Education. Retrieved May 19, 2010. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 37°28′N 82°23′W / 37.47°N 82.39°W / 37.47; -82.39