Pike County, Missouri
The Pike County Courthouse in Bowling Green
Location within the U.S. state of Missouri
Missouri's location within the U.S.
|Founded||December 14, 1818|
|Named for||Zebulon M. Pike|
|Largest city||Bowling Green|
|• Total||685 sq mi (1,770 km2)|
|• Land||670 sq mi (1,700 km2)|
|• Water||14 sq mi (40 km2) 2.1%|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||27/sq mi (10/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−6 (Central)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−5 (CDT)|
Pike County is a county on the eastern border of the U.S. state of Missouri, bounded by the Mississippi River. As of the 2010 census, the population was 18,516. Its county seat is Bowling Green. Its namesake was a city in middle Kentucky, a region from where many early migrants came. The county was organized December 14, 1818, and named for explorer Zebulon Pike. The folksong "Sweet Betsy from Pike" is generally thought to be associated with Pike County, Missouri.
Pike County is said to be the home of Momo (The Missouri Monster). The first reported sightings in the 1970s were traced to various locations throughout the county.
The term "piker", meaning someone who does things in a small way, is reputed to be from immigrants from Pike County, MO to California.
The history of Pike County is complicated by the fact that at its establishment in 1818, it included today's boundaries plus all counties north of it, plus the counties bordering all of them on the west, in total over 6 or 7 times larger than its current size, and thus covering the northeast border area of today's State of Missouri. Pike county and the counties north of it were gradually reduced in size by the creation of Ralls and subsequent new counties including Marion, Lewis, Clark, Scotland, Knox, Shelby, and Monroe.
The county was first settled by migrants from the Upper South. Some, though not all, were sympathetic to the Confederate cause in later decades. After the end of the post-Civil-War Reconstruction era, some of the county's inhabitants enforced Jim Crow laws and racial segregation in the county to maintain what has been labeled by some as "white supremacy". This occurred despite the fact that key US/Unionist military operations to control "Confederate" upstarts were launched from Pike County and had bases there.
In a violent period near the turn of the 20th century, five African Americans were tragically lynched in Pike County between 1891 and 1914. Among those were Curtis and Sam Young, who were both lynched for allegedly murdering the city marshall, Walter Meloan, on June 6, 1898 in Clarksville, a small town on the Mississippi River. Pike tied with Howard County, Missouri for the highest number of lynchings of African Americans in the state during this historical period.
- Ralls County (northwest)
- Pike County, Illinois (northeast)
- Calhoun County, Illinois (east)
- Lincoln County (south)
- Montgomery County (southwest)
- Audrain County (west)
- U.S. Route 54
- U.S. Route 54 Business
- U.S. Route 61
- U.S. Route 61 Business
- U.S. Route 61 Spur Business
- Route 79
- Route 154
- Route 161
- Great River Road
National protected area
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2010, there were 18,516 people, 6,451 households, and 4,476 families residing in the county. The population density was 27 people per square mile (11/km2). There were 7,493 housing units at an average density of 11 per square mile (4/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 88.44% White, 9.17% Black or African American, 0.24% Native American, 0.15% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.92% from other races, and 1.04% from two or more races. Approximately 1.61% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 24.6% were of American, 24.5% German, 8.9% English and 8.5% Irish ancestry.
There were 6,451 households, out of which 31.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.70% were married couples living together, 9.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.60% were non-families. 26.70% of all households were made up of individuals, and 12.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 3.01.
In the county, the population was spread out, with 23.40% under the age of 18, 9.10% from 18 to 24, 29.80% from 25 to 44, 22.80% from 45 to 64, and 15.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 119.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 123.80 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $32,373, and the median income for a family was $39,059. Males had a median income of $28,528 versus $19,426 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,462. 15.50% of the population and 11.90% of families were below the poverty line. 20.20% of those under the age of 18 and 15.20% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line.
- Boncl R-X School District – Louisiana
- Boncl Elementary School (PK-08)
- Bowling Green R-I School District – Bowling Green
- Bowling Green Elementary School (PK-05)
- Frankford Elementary School (K-05)
- Bowling Green Middle School (06-08)
- Bowling Green High School (09-12)
- Louisiana R-II School District – Louisiana
- Louisiana Elementary School (PK-05)
- Louisiana Middle School (06-08)
- Louisiana High School (09-12)
- Pike County R-III School District – Clarksville
- Clopton Elementary School (PK-06)
- Clopton High School (07-12)
- Pike County Christian School – Curryville (K-11) – Baptist
- St. Clement School – Bowling Green (K-09) – Roman Catholic
This section does not cite any sources. (June 2014) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
The Republican Party predominantly controls politics at the county level in Pike County, with Republicans holding many of the elected positions, with exceptions as stated below. Note that, per the tables below, Republican Pike County voters prevailed in Missouri gubernatorial elections of 2016 and 2004, and came close to a tie for dominance in 2012, followed by a clear overtaking of county politics in 2016, in contrast with a tradition of nominal Democratic party affiliations of county-level officials.
|Pike County, Missouri|
|Elected countywide officials|
|Assessor||Trace R. Foster||Republican|
|Circuit Clerk||Jerri Harrelson||Democratic|
|County Clerk||Susie Oberdahloff||Republican|
|Prosecuting Attorney||Alex G. Ellison||Republican|
|Public Administrator||Debbie Tepen||Republican|
|Recorder||Kim Martin Luebrecht||Republican|
|2016||59.45% 4,389||37.31% 2,755||3.24% 239|
|2012||47.66% 3,482||50.03% 3,655||2.31% 169|
|2008||49.09% 3,850||49.19% 3,858||1.73% 135|
|2004||55.32% 4,416||43.02% 3,434||1.65% 132|
|2000||46.74% 3,427||50.70% 3,717||2.56% 188|
|1996||30.30% 2,027||67.65% 4,525||2.05% 137|
|Democratic||David M. Blackwell||2,051||28.56%||+0.08|
|Libertarian||Russ Lee Monchil||143||1.99%||-1.28|
|Libertarian||Russ Lee Monchil||129||3.27%||+0.61|
|Libertarian||Russ Lee Monchil||184||2.66%|
Missouri presidential preference primary (2008)
- Former U.S. Senator Hillary Clinton (D-New York) received more votes, a total of 1,447, than any candidate from either party in Pike County during the 2008 presidential primary. She also received more votes individually than the entire number of votes cast in the Republican Primary in Pike County.
|Pike County, Missouri|
|2008 Republican primary in Missouri|
|John McCain||463 (32.58%)|
|Mike Huckabee||461 (32.44%)|
|Mitt Romney||388 (27.30%)|
|Ron Paul||84 (5.91%)|
|Pike County, Missouri|
|2008 Democratic primary in Missouri|
|Hillary Clinton||1,447 (62.67%)|
|Barack Obama||767 (33.22%)|
|John Edwards (withdrawn)||82 (3.55%)|
Other unincorporated places
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 7, 2011. Retrieved September 12, 2013.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "World Wide Words: Piker". World Wide Words. Retrieved 2019-10-21.
- NAACP (1919). Thirty Years of Lynching in the United States, 1889—1918. NAACP. pp. 80–81.
- "Lynching in Missouri", Saline County, Missouri/GenWeb Project
- Missouri Negro Industrial Commission (data from NAACP), Biennial Report of the Missouri Negro Industrial Commission, Hugh Stephens Press, 1922, p. 79
- Lynching in America/ Supplement: Lynchings by County, 3rd edition Archived 2017-10-23 at the Wayback Machine, Montgomery, Alabama: Equal Justice Initiative, 2015, p. 7
- "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on October 21, 2013. Retrieved November 18, 2014.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved November 13, 2019.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 18, 2014.
- "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved November 18, 2014.
- "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 18, 2014.
- "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 18, 2014.
- "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Breeding, Marshall. "Bowling Green Free Public Library". Libraries.org. Retrieved May 8, 2017.
- Breeding, Marshall. "Clarksville Public Library". Libraries.org. Retrieved May 8, 2017.
- Breeding, Marshall. "Louisiana Public Library". Libraries.org. Retrieved May 8, 2017.
- Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 2018-03-26.
- Digitized 1930 Plat Book of Pike County from University of Missouri Division of Special Collections, Archives, and Rare Books
- Pike County website linking to government agencies: http://www.pikecountymo.net/
- [www.pikecountymo.org/ Pike County Development Authority]