Pike County, Ohio shootings

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Pike County, Ohio shootings
LocationPike County, Ohio, U.S.
DateApril 21–22, 2016[1] (EDT)
Attack type
Spree shooting, mass murder
WeaponsFirearm(s)
Deaths8
Victims
  • Christopher Rhoden Jr.
  • Christopher Rhoden Sr.
  • Clarence "Frankie" Rhoden
  • Dana Lynn Rhoden
  • Gary Rhoden
  • Hanna May Rhoden
  • Hannah Hazel Gilley
  • Kenneth Rhoden
PerpetratorWagner Family (alleged)

The Pike County, Ohio shootings took place on the night of April 21–22, 2016, when eight people – all belonging to the Rhoden family – were shot and killed in four homes in Pike County, Ohio, near the village of Peebles, 90 miles (140 km) from Columbus, and 60 miles (97 km) from Cincinnati. Their bodies were found later on April 22. Seven of the victims—six adults and a 16-year-old boy—were discovered to have been shot execution-style in three adjacent houses, while the eighth victim, an adult, was found shot to death in his camper in nearby Piketon. Three young children, including two infants, were left alive during the killings. At least two shooters are believed to be responsible.

Investigators believe the murders were premeditated, and that the perpetrators were known to the Rhoden family. On April 25, the Ohio Attorney General's office confirmed the presence of marijuana growth and cockfighting operations at some of the crime scenes, but did not confirm a direct connection to the killings. The ensuing investigation soon became the largest in Ohio's history.[2]

In November 2018, four members of the Wagner family, known to the Rhodens, were arrested in Ohio and Kentucky, and charged with the eight murders.

Details[edit]

The bodies were first discovered after Bobby Jo Manley,[3] a sister of victim Dana Rhoden, came to feed pets at the homes.[4][5] Police were first alerted after receiving a 9-1-1 call about two bodies inside a home on Union Hill Road, at 7:51 a.m. EDT.[6] Before the police arrived, Manley discovered two more bodies in the second home on the property. Her brother, James Manley, went to check on their sister Dana, and discovered the third crime scene, where the police found three more victims when they arrived. At 1:26 p.m., a 9-1-1 call reported an eighth body, an adult male, at a fourth residence in the nearby village of Piketon.[4][7][8][9][10][11]

Three young children—ages three, six months, and four days—were unharmed during the shootings,[12] with the four-day-old being found in bed with her mother's body. Seven adults and a 16-year-old were among those slain.[8][12][13][14] The four-day-old and the six-month-old were placed under protective services, and the three-year-old was put under the guardianship of his mother, who was not involved in the shootings.[3][15]

Victims[edit]

The eight victims were identified as:[3][4][16]

Name Age Relationship Cause of death
Christopher Rhoden Jr. 16 Youngest son of Dana and Christopher Rhoden Sr. Multiple gunshot wounds to the head
Christopher Rhoden Sr. 40 Ex-husband of Dana Rhoden Multiple gunshot wounds to the head, torso, and limbs
Clarence "Frankie" Rhoden 20 Eldest son of Dana and Christopher Rhoden Sr.
Father of the surviving 6-month-old and 3-year-old children
Multiple gunshot wounds to the head
Dana Lynn Rhoden 37 Ex-wife of Christopher Rhoden Sr. Multiple gunshot wounds to the head and neck
Gary Rhoden 38 Cousin of Christopher Sr. and Kenneth Rhoden Multiple gunshot wounds to the head
Hanna May Rhoden 19 Daughter of Dana and Christopher Rhoden Sr.
Mother of the surviving 4-day-old child
Multiple gunshot wounds to the head
Hannah Hazel Gilley 20 Fiancée of Clarence Rhoden
Mother of the surviving 6-month-old child
Multiple gunshot wounds to the head
Kenneth Rhoden 44 Brother of Christopher Rhoden Sr. Single gunshot wound to the head

Autopsies[edit]

The bodies of the victims were taken to the Hamilton County Coroner's Office in Cincinnati, where autopsies found that all but one of the victims were shot multiple times.[17]

Four of the victims were shot once, twice, or three times; one was shot four times; two were shot five times; and the eighth suffered a total of nine gunshot wounds. Death certificates released on May 28 clarified that six of the eight victims were shot in the head only; the other two, Christopher Rhoden Sr. and Dana Rhoden, were also shot in the head, but Christopher also suffered gunshot wounds to the torso and limbs, and Dana was also shot in the neck. Bruising was also found on some of the bodies, indicating the victims were beaten as well.[10][18][19][20] Some of the victims were found shot in their beds.[8][12][13][14] From the number of gunshot wounds on the victims' bodies, an estimated total of 32 shots were fired during the killings.[6] The offices of the county coroner and the Ohio Attorney General announced that the full final autopsy reports will not be released to the public, citing security concerns.[21] However, amidst lawsuits by media outlets, the coroner's office released heavily redacted versions of the final reports on September 23.[20] The full autopsy reports were publicly released by order of the Ohio Supreme Court on September 19, 2018.[22]

Services[edit]

On April 28, Gary Rhoden was the first of the victims to be buried, with his funeral proceedings being held in South Shore, Kentucky. Hannah Hazel Gilley was the next to be buried, on May 1 at Otway, Ohio. Funerals for the remaining victims took place on May 3 at West Portsmouth.[23][24][25] A high amount of security was present during the May 3 funeral service.[25] Ohio Attorney General Mike DeWine approved more than $20,000 to help pay for the funerals.[26]

Reactions[edit]

Ohio Governor and 2016 U.S. presidential candidate John Kasich, who was briefed on the killings, described them as "tragic beyond comprehension".[9][27]

Cincinnati-area businessman Jeff Ruby (namesake of Jeff Ruby Steaks) offered a reward of $25,000 for information leading to the arrest and conviction of anyone involved in the shootings.[28] On April 28, 2016, Ruby withdrew his reward, citing "recent complex criminal developments" in a post on Twitter.[29] A proper reward of $10,000 was later authorized on May 10, but announced by authorities ten weeks later on July 21 due to a "miscommunication and a misunderstanding" about public notification.[30]

On September 23, prompted by the lawsuits, the coroner's office released heavily redacted versions of the final reports.[20]

Investigation[edit]

Early stages[edit]

Police believe that more than one shooter may be responsible for the killings, since two of the crime scenes were within walking distance, a third located about a mile away, and the fourth about eight miles away. Investigators briefly considered the possibility of a murder–suicide, but it was discredited as none of the victims' deaths appeared to be suicides.[5][7][8][14][15] Ohio Attorney General Mike DeWine stated that the killings were planned, premeditated, and "a sophisticated operation", citing the efforts taken by the shooter or shooters to cover up their tracks and remove any incriminating forensic evidence.[31]

All of the victims were members of the Rhoden family. Surviving family members were urged by police to take precautions, and all residents of Peebles were advised to stay inside their homes the following night.[13] An investigative task force of at least 100 members, led by the Ohio Bureau of Criminal Identification and Investigation (BCI), was assembled.[32][33] More than 251 law enforcement officials were involved in the investigation overall,[6][34] and sheriffs from 25 offices across Ohio offered to provide resources to Pike County.[35] The Federal Bureau of Investigation and the Drug Enforcement Administration provided technical expertise to DeWine's office.[6]

At least five search warrants were executed, and more than 50 people were interviewed in connection with the killings.[15][16] 79 pieces of evidence were examined, including a Facebook threat aimed at Christopher Rhoden Jr., which was posted before the shootings.[15][18][36]

Discovery of cannabis and cockfighting operations[edit]

On April 25, a spokesperson for DeWine's office also confirmed that cannabis was discovered at the three crime scenes on Union Hill Road, including an indoor grow house in which hundreds of cannabis plants were being grown, as well as chickens and equipment consistent with breeding chickens for cockfighting.[31][37] An estimated total of 200 cannabis plants were recovered from the crime scenes and are believed to have been grown for sale and not for personal use.[18] It is currently unknown if the cannabis was connected to the shootings,[38] though investigators confirmed the possibility of the involvement of a Mexican drug cartel.[18][39]

Cannabis problems are a common occurrence in Pike County: in 2010, 22,000 cannabis plants were seized by authorities in Latham, 15 miles (24 km) west of Piketon; and a major cannabis growth site was discovered by police in August 2012, with about 1,200 cannabis plants being destroyed by investigators. In both cases, police suspected connections to Mexican drug cartels.[15][40]

On April 26, Dana Rhoden's father, Leonard Manley, stated that the victims knew their killer(s), citing the presence of Dana's two protective dogs. There was no indication that the dogs tried to attack anyone during the shootings, and there were no signs of forced entry at any of the crime scenes.[3][41] Manley, who was not involved in the shootings, also said his daughter had no involvement in the exposed cannabis operations, saying that "they are trying to drag my daughter through the mud, and I don't appreciate that."[3][18]

Some family members have acknowledged Kenneth and Christopher Rhoden Sr. growing cannabis, but added that they were unaware of any high-volume growth occurring.[42]

Seizure of victims' properties[edit]

On May 3, following the funerals of the last six victims, authorities towed away at least three vehicles from property belonging to the Rhoden family; a spokeswoman for Mike DeWine said they were towed "as part of the investigation". Additional vehicles were towed the next day as well. They were all dropped off at the base of operations set up by the investigative task force. As of May 12, more than 500 tips were submitted during the investigation and 128 interviews were conducted.[6][43][44]

On May 12, DeWine and Pike County Sheriff Charles Reader announced the state's intention to relocate the mobile homes where the killings occurred to a secure location, in order to preserve evidence and protect the mementos of the Rhoden family.[44][45] Three of the homes were taken to a property in Waverly, where the investigative task force set up their command center, while the fourth would arrive at a later time due to complications in removing it.[46]

As of October 6, the homes were being stored in a warehouse that was once part of a chemical processing company.[47] On November 24, dozens of family vehicles and farming equipment, which were seized and investigated earlier in May, were returned to the victims' relatives.[48]

August 2016–January 2017 developments[edit]

On August 4, during a court hearing relating to the custody of the 6-month-old and 4-day-old children left alive, Sheriff Charles Reader confirmed investigators' early suspicions that more than one shooter was involved in the killings. He also said that the two children remained in "grave danger" because of the investigation, and that the investigation was possibly the largest in the BCI's history in terms of manpower and resources.[49][50]

On August 13, KVIA-TV incorrectly reported that two men arrested in Hatch, New Mexico, for the shooting death of a police officer were also suspected in the Rhoden familicide. The men, in reality, were suspected of another shooting death in Londonderry, Ross County, Ohio. DeWine and Pike County Sheriff Charles S. Reader issued a statement saying that they were unaware of a link between the case and the New Mexico arrests, that there was no evidence confirming it, and that New Mexico authorities had not contacted them about a suspected connection. KVIA later retracted the error.[51][52][53]

On August 20, DeWine announced new information regarding the investigation. He confirmed family and community members' suspicions that the perpetrators were familiar with the victims, their homes, and the surrounding area. He also announced that the U.S. Department of Homeland Security and other federal agencies had become involved with the investigation. In addition, DeWine speculated that residents in the area have more knowledge than what they are sharing with investigators.[42][54]

On August 23, officials in Kenton County, Kentucky, located about 100 miles (160 km) from Pike County, reported similarities between the Ohio shootings and a double homicide in Kenton County that occurred two weeks before. The victims, a well-known drug dealer and his girlfriend, were found fatally shot execution-style in their bed. The uncaught Kenton County killers, who were believed to be familiar with the victims' home, also left any children in the house unharmed.[55][56] A total of 770 tips had been submitted to investigators as of September 23, according to court documents released on October 7.[57]

On September 28, WXIX-TV reported that the Rhoden family houses, all seized by the state as part of the investigation, were not being guarded properly. A news team had spent six weeks, starting from August 14 and ending in late September, watching the warehouse. Their surveillance reportedly turned up an absence of uniformed officers guarding the building, as well as a lack of security cameras and an unlocked, open main gate.[58] DeWine responded to the claims, calling them "ludicrous" and asserting that the evidence was preserved and is not compromised.[59] Reacting to the report, a former prosecutor from Hamilton County criticized the inadequate security measures and said, "Any evidence that they would pull out of that thing would be virtually useless."[58]

On October 1, DeWine said that investigators were getting leads in the case and that the state had enough physical evidence for prosecution. He also appealed to the public, explaining that there are people who know more about the shootings.[60]

On November 14, Pike County Sheriff Charles Reader issued a statement urging people with knowledge of the killings to come forward. He followed up with a second statement threatening to arrest anyone who may be obstructing the investigation, including relatives, family friends, and neighbors. Reacting to the second statement, Dana Rhoden's father, Leonard Manley, said that he "held nothing back" during the investigation.[61][62] Following his reelection to the position of sheriff, Reader reiterated this belief and added that people may be scared of providing information.[63]

On January 20, 2017, DeWine, on behalf of the Ohio Victims of Crime Compensation Program, denied a request by family member David Weisel to recover lost compensation related to the massacre.[64]

Wagner family[edit]

On May 12, 2017, a SWAT team from the Franklin County Sheriff's Office raided a Pike County home approximately 10 miles from the site of the murders. Police originally stated they were searching for suspects in the murders; however, it was later clarified they were looking for evidence in the case and not suspects. Police also searched an Adams County property once owned and recently sold by Edward "Jake" Wagner, an ex-boyfriend of victim Hanna Rhoden and father of her 3-year-old daughter, but not the father of her 4-day-old daughter who was unharmed during the killings.[65]

On June 20, 2017, Ohio police announced that they were seeking additional information on Jake Wagner, as well as his parents Billy and Angela and brother George. The family is believed to be living in Alaska now and police want to learn of interactions that members of the public had with the family, specifically conversations pertaining to vehicles, firearms and ammunition.[66]

On November 13, 2018, Ohio Attorney General Mike DeWine announced that George "Billy" Wagner, Angela Wagner, George Wagner IV, and Edward "Jake" Wagner had been arrested and charged with planning and carrying out the murders.[67]

Media lawsuits against coroner's office[edit]

On July 22, 2016, The Cincinnati Enquirer filed a lawsuit against the Pike County Coroner's Office, asking for the full autopsy records of the victims. On August 12, 2016 a similar lawsuit was filed by The Columbus Dispatch. In both cases, DeWine called for mediation, which attracted criticism and accusations that it was a mere delay tactic. A lawyer representing both newspapers said there was no legal basis for law enforcement's withholding of information from the public.[68]

In a filing on September 6, 2016, DeWine responded to The Columbus Dispatch's lawsuit against the coroner's office, saying:

Public release of information known only to law enforcement and the killer(s) directly threatens the success of the investigation. Among other consequences, releasing this type of information impedes investigators' ability to separate genuine leads from fake, which wastes resources; makes it difficult to analyze confessions, which are fact-checked against information known only by investigators; and devalues information provided by witnesses who come forward after public release.[68]

On September 19, 2018, the Ohio Supreme Court overturned a lower court's refusal to release the autopsy reports that The Cincinnati Enquirer had sued to release and the reports were made public to the media.[22][69]

Arrests[edit]

On November 13, 2018, the suspects accused of murdering eight family members in Ohio were taken into police custody.[70] 47-year-old George "Billy" Wagner, III was arrested in Lexington, Kentucky. The suspects are all members of the Wagner family from South Webster:

• George "Billy" Wagner III, 47 (father), was arrested in Fayette County, Kentucky

• Angela Wagner, 48 (George's wife) was arrested at her home in Scioto County

• George Wagner IV, 27 (son) was arrested during a traffic stop in Ross County

• Edward "Jake" Wagner, 26 (son) was arrested along with his brother during a traffic stop in Ross County

Rita Newcomb, 65, of South Webster, mother of Angela Wagner and Fredericka Wagner, 76 of Lucasville, mother of Billy Wagner, are accused of perjury and obstructing justice for allegedly misleading investigators; Newcomb also is charged with forging custody documents to cover up the crimes.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Barr, Jody (October 27, 2016). "Was a drug cartel behind the Pike Co. massacre? Rhoden family talks". KFVS. Retrieved October 28, 2016. The shooting happened sometime overnight April 21, 2016 and into the dark morning hours of April 22.
  2. ^ Graves, Chris (November 23, 2016). "Months later, surviving Rhodens to get vehicles back". Cincinnati.com. Retrieved November 25, 2016. Authorities have declined to discuss how many vehicles were towed or how they factored into the largest investigation in the state's history.
  3. ^ a b c d e Graves, Chris (April 25, 2016). "EXCLUSIVE: 'Ain't got no revenge in our hearts,' Pike Co. family says". Cincinnati.com. Retrieved April 26, 2016.
  4. ^ a b c Kennedy, Megan (April 25, 2016). "Family tree released of 8 Ohio shooting victims". WISH-TV. Retrieved April 25, 2016.
  5. ^ a b "Shooter or shooters likely at large after Ohio massacre, investigators say". FOX News. April 22, 2016. Retrieved April 22, 2016.
  6. ^ a b c d e "No answers two weeks after Pike County shootings". WHIO. May 4, 2016. Retrieved May 5, 2016.
  7. ^ a b Pérez-Peña, Richard (April 22, 2016). "8 Members of One Family Found Shot to Death in Rural Ohio". The New York Times. Retrieved April 22, 2016.
  8. ^ a b c d "8 killed 'execution-style' in Pike Co.; shooter 'extremely dangerous' AG says". WLWT. April 22, 2016. Retrieved April 22, 2016.
  9. ^ a b Westcott, Lucy (April 22, 2016). "EIGHT MEMBERS OF OHIO FAMILY SHOT DEAD 'EXECUTION-STYLE,' SHOOTER 'STILL AT-LARGE'". Newsweek. Retrieved April 22, 2016.
  10. ^ a b Shapiro, Emily; Perez, Alex; Rahmanzadeh, Shahriar (April 26, 2016). "1 of the Murdered Ohio Family Members Was Shot 9 Times, Coroner Says". ABC News. Retrieved April 26, 2016.
  11. ^ Welsh-Huggins, Andrew (May 6, 2016). "2 Weeks After 8 Killed in Ohio, No Arrests, Few Answers". ABC News. Associated Press. Retrieved May 6, 2016.
  12. ^ a b c Ellis, Ralph; Grinberg, Emanuella (April 22, 2016). "3 kids survive slaying of eight family members in Ohio". CNN. Retrieved April 22, 2016.
  13. ^ a b c "8 relatives shot in head in Ohio as 3 children survive; killer thought to be loose". Chicago Tribune. April 22, 2016. Retrieved April 22, 2016.
  14. ^ a b c "3 children survive Ohio massacre of 7 adults, 1 juvenile; suspect at large". RT. April 22, 2016. Retrieved April 22, 2016.
  15. ^ a b c d e Pearson, Michael (April 25, 2016). "Ohio shootings: What we know". CNN. Retrieved April 25, 2016.
  16. ^ a b "Officials identify 8 killed in Pike County slaying". WLWT. April 23, 2016. Retrieved April 23, 2016.
  17. ^ "Seven of eight Pike County victims shot multiple times, coroner says". Columbus Dispatch. April 26, 2016. Retrieved April 26, 2016.
  18. ^ a b c d e "Coroner: Most Ohio victims shot many times, some bruised". CBS News. Associated Press. April 26, 2016. Retrieved April 26, 2016.
  19. ^ "Death certificates reveal new details about Ohio shooting massacre". Sentinel-Tribune. Associated Press. May 28, 2016. Retrieved May 29, 2016.
  20. ^ a b c Graves, Chris (September 23, 2016). "Ohio AG releases redacted Rhoden autopsy reports". Cincinnati.com. Retrieved November 5, 2016.
  21. ^ "Authorities refuse to release Rhoden family's autopsies". WCPO. July 26, 2016. Retrieved August 5, 2016.
  22. ^ a b "State ex rel. Cincinnati Enquirer v. Pike Cty. Gen. Health Dist.., Slip Opinion No. 2018-Ohio-3721" (PDF). Ohio Supreme Court. Retrieved September 19, 2018.
  23. ^ "More Funerals Ahead for Victims in Ohio Shooting Massacre". ABC News. Associated Press. May 1, 2016. Retrieved May 1, 2016.
  24. ^ "Funeral held for 6 family members in Ohio shooting massacre". FOX News. Associated Press. May 3, 2016. Retrieved May 3, 2016.
  25. ^ a b "Security concerns for funeral of 6 Ohio shooting victims". CBS News. Associated Press. May 3, 2016. Retrieved May 3, 2016.
  26. ^ "Ohio Attorney General to help pay for the funerals of Rhoden family". WKYT. October 23, 2016. Retrieved October 26, 2016.
  27. ^ Hensch, Mark (April 22, 2016). "Kasich: Execution-style killings in Ohio 'tragic beyond comprehension'". The Hill. Retrieved April 22, 2016.
  28. ^ "Jeff Ruby offers $25K for arrest of Pike Co. mass shooter". Journal-News. April 23, 2016. Retrieved April 23, 2016.
  29. ^ "UPDATE: Reward withdrawn for information about Pike County massacre case". WSAZ-TV. April 28, 2016. Retrieved April 28, 2016.
  30. ^ Graves, Chris (July 21, 2016). "Rhoden murder reward announced - 10 weeks late". Cincinnati.com. Retrieved August 5, 2016.
  31. ^ a b Shapiro, Emily; Perez, Alex (April 25, 2016). "Ohio Family Killings: Marijuana Grow Operations Found at 3 of the 4 Crime Scenes". Yahoo! GMA. ABC News. Retrieved April 25, 2016.
  32. ^ "Autopsies completed in shooting massacre that killed 8 Ohio relatives". FOX News. April 25, 2016. Retrieved April 25, 2016.
  33. ^ "Pike County Multiple Homicide Investigation". Ohio Attorney General's Office. April 22, 2016. Retrieved April 26, 2016.
  34. ^ "Ohio shootings: Coroner's report says most victims shot many times". CBC News. Associated Press. April 27, 2016. Retrieved April 27, 2016.
  35. ^ "Pike County shootings 'cold-blooded massacre'". Dayton Daily News. April 26, 2016. Retrieved April 27, 2016.
  36. ^ "Facebook threat targeted executed Ohio family". CBS News. Associated Press. April 25, 2016. Retrieved April 25, 2016.
  37. ^ "Investigators continue seeking leads after 8 killed in Pike Co". NBC4i. Associated Press. April 25, 2016. Retrieved April 25, 2016.
  38. ^ Nealeigh, Sara (April 25, 2016). "DeWine: Cockfighting chickens found at scene of mass killing". Chillicothe Gazette. Retrieved April 25, 2016.
  39. ^ "Investigators continue search for Pike County, Ohio shooting suspect". WWMT-TV. April 26, 2016. Retrieved April 26, 2016.
  40. ^ "4 possible motives in Pike County Ohio murders". Austin American-Statesman. April 26, 2016. Retrieved April 26, 2016.
  41. ^ Longmire, Sylvia (April 26, 2016). "Ohio Shooting Massacre Highlights Prevalence of Domestic Marijuana Grows". In Homeland Security. Retrieved April 26, 2016.
  42. ^ a b Graves, Chris (August 20, 2016). "DeWine: Killers familiar with Rhoden properties". Cincinnati.com. Retrieved August 20, 2016.
  43. ^ Dufour, Liz; Thompson, Chrissie; Strickley, Bob; Graves, Chris (May 3, 2016). "Ohio AG's office: Vehicles towed 'part of investigation' in Pike Co". Cincinnati.com. Retrieved May 4, 2016.
  44. ^ a b Maher, Kris (May 12, 2016). "Latest Step in Ohio Shooting: Moving Crime Scenes for Safe-Keeping". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved May 13, 2016.
  45. ^ "State to move homes where Pike County shooting victims found". Dayton Daily News. May 12, 2016. Retrieved May 13, 2016.
  46. ^ Strickley, Bob; Graves, Chris (May 12, 2016). "Scenes of death roll slowly up rural highways". Cincinnati.com. Retrieved May 13, 2016.
  47. ^ Barr, Jody (October 6, 2016). "Attorney: Despite Pike County sheriff's efforts, Rhoden evidence still in jeopardy". WXIX-TV. Retrieved October 26, 2016.
  48. ^ "Vehicles returning to relatives of 8 slain Rhoden family members". NCB4I. Associated Press. November 24, 2016. Retrieved November 25, 2016.
  49. ^ Graves, Chris (August 4, 2016). "Sheriff: At least two killers in Pike County slayings". Cincinnati.com. Retrieved August 5, 2016.
  50. ^ "Investigators of Rhoden family murders suspect multiple killers". 10TV. Associated Press. August 4, 2016. Retrieved August 5, 2016.
  51. ^ Anda-Swann, Brenda De (August 13, 2016). "Ohio AG: Hatch Police officer death's suspect not connected to Pike County family killing". KVIA-TV. Retrieved August 24, 2016.
  52. ^ Nealeigh, Sara (August 13, 2016). "Officials: No connection to New Mexico arrests and Rhoden killings". Cincinnati.com. Retrieved August 24, 2016.
  53. ^ "Fatal officer shooting suspects connected to Ohio murder case". WHIO. August 13, 2016. Retrieved August 24, 2016.
  54. ^ "Dewine: Killers of Rhoden Family familiar with victims, area". 10TV. Associated Press. August 20, 2016. Retrieved August 20, 2016.
  55. ^ Levine, Steve (August 23, 2016). "Similarities between Pike County massacre and Cincinnati-area double murder". WSYX. Retrieved August 24, 2016.
  56. ^ "Pike County shootings show "similarities" to Kentucky murders". Dayton Daily News. August 24, 2016. Retrieved August 24, 2016.
  57. ^ Knight, Cameron (October 8, 2016). "Court docs reveal initial coroner response to Pike Co. slayings". Cincinnati.com. Retrieved October 26, 2016.
  58. ^ a b Barr, Jody (September 28, 2016). "Pike Co. Massacre: Prosecutor says evidence 'virtually useless'". WXIX-TV. Retrieved October 26, 2016.
  59. ^ "Ohio Attorney General: Rhoden crime scene not compromised". WBNS-TV. September 29, 2016. Retrieved October 26, 2016.
  60. ^ Ingles, Jo (October 1, 2016). "DeWine Provides Update on the Rhoden Family Murders". WKSU News. Retrieved October 26, 2016.
  61. ^ "Are friends, family of Pike County victims obstructing investigation?". WCPO. November 14, 2016. Retrieved November 25, 2016.
  62. ^ "Pike County sheriff threatens arrests for obstructing investigation". Springfield News Sun. November 15, 2016. Retrieved November 25, 2016.
  63. ^ Stoia, Lu Ann (November 17, 2016). "Pike County Sheriff says he doesn't want to see a victim number 9 after Rhoden massacre". ABC 6 On Your Side. Retrieved November 25, 2016.
  64. ^ "Compensation denied for relative of Pike County massacre victim", Associated Press. 10 TV WBNS. January 20, 2017. Retrieved January 21, 2017
  65. ^ Graves, Chris. "Update: SWAT team searched for Rhoden killings suspects during Saturday Pike County raid". cincinnati.com. Cincinnati. Retrieved May 13, 2017.
  66. ^ Garbe, Will. "Pike County murders: Alaska pastor says Ohio family of interest attended church Sunday". daytondailynews.com. Dayton Daily News. Retrieved June 21, 2017.
  67. ^ /WTTE, WSYZ. "4 arrested in connection to 2016 Pike County murders". abc6onyourside.com. ABC6/WSYX. Retrieved November 13, 2018.
  68. ^ a b Milam, Brett (September 6, 2016). "DeWine: Releasing autopsy reports threatens Pike County case". Cincinnati.com. Retrieved September 7, 2016.
  69. ^ Grasha, Kevin. "Rhoden family massacre: Autopsy reports show defensive wounds on family patriarch". Cincinnati.com. Cincinnati Enquirer. Retrieved September 19, 2018.
  70. ^ Staff, WKYT News. "Suspects accused of murdering Rhoden family in Ohio arrested, including one in Lexington". Retrieved November 14, 2018.